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-* r 




• « 

His Ancestors and his Descendants. 


orraX. s. 



"There is a regard for ancestry which nourishes only a weak pride; 
bat there is also a moral and philosophical respeot for oar ancestors, 
which derates the character and improves the heart If est to the 
sense of religious duty and moral feeling. I hardly knowwhat should 
bear with stronger obligation on a liberal and enlightened mind, than 
a consciousness of alliance with excellence which is departed." — 
Dakixl Wsbctsb, 



or J. A. * B. ▲• lUBBw 



First Six Generations. 

L tfATHAHDCL XOWBT .... Bom 1844, dfad 1718. 
4. C APT. J08KPH XOWBT . Bom abort 1874, dlod abost 1780. 

3. CAPT. SAnn MOWBT ... Bom 1007, dlod 1787. 

4. LAWTEB JOSXPH MOWBT - • Bom 1718, dlod 1784. 
8. PBEACHBB BICHABD MOWRT • • Bom 1748, dlod 1888. 
*. GIDEON MOWBT . Bon 1TO, dtod 1808. 

To aix in DncxvDAjrni or that Good Max, 




BMBooTnro in or much patibnt 


Tu Author. 


This volume is a labor of love. It is an attempt to res- 
cue from oblivion the record of a family of New England 
yeoman, remarkable, not for position, public station, fame 
or wealth, but for good sense, strong minds and sterling 
virtue. The researches which have resulted in the follow- 
ing history were commenced about Ave years ago, and have 
been pursued under difficulties in the midst of severe and 
pressing professional duties. 

No one jrho has not been engaged in a similar service 
can form any adequate conception of the vast amount of 
work required to prepare such a record of families long 
since passed away, and of families now living, but widely 

It has called for journeys, in the aggregate, of many hun- 
dred miles ; the searching of town records for births, mar- 
riages and deaths, and of probate, real estate and court 
records, etc, in nearly all the towns of Rhode Island ; similar 
records, both town and county, in many other States ; and a 
correspondence long continued with a large number of 
persons residing in various States, from Maine to Calif or- 


nia. Nearly five years of laborious research, with careful 
collating of material gathered, which has filled up winter 
evenings and. summer vacations, have passed by since 
the work was begun ; and the results are now committed to 
the indulgent consideration of the family, not because they 
are finished and complete, for the task would be endless, 
but because the writer cannot delay it longer in justice to 
other interests. 

In giving the dates and facts, but few references have 
been made to authorities, because of the absolute impossi- 
bility of making constant references for such a multiplicity 
of dates ; and from the fact that in almost numberless cases 
the dates and other facts first found have been either cor- 
roborated or corrected by information derived from various 
other sources. 

The dates are tit off eases given as they were found, with 
no attempt to change them from old* style to new. 

It will perhaps be enough to say to the general reader, 
that the old style continued in England and her colonies 
till 1752; that under the old style the new year began 
March 25 ; but that for many years before, in events oc- 
curring between Jan. 1 and March 25, both years were 
frequently named, since most of the other nations of 
Europe had already adopted the new style, which began 
the year on the first of January. To illustrate : Richard 
Mowry was bom Feb. 11, 1748, O. H M which would 
I* Fob. 22, 1740, N. S. Vol wu mitchi iiml il in Utu old 
family Bibles Feb. 11, 1748-9. 

It has been the aim of the writer to exercise all possible 
cautiou, and put no tiling in the record which dotfs not 
appear to be confirmed by reliable authority. 

Yet it would be hardly possible to obtain information 
from so many different sources, much of which has been 
copied fire or six times, without falling into some errors. 
The author will thank any one who discovers such errors 
to communicate them to him, in order that, should the 
subject be further pursued, or any further account of the 
family be published hereafter, the errors may not be per- 



Fbok the records of real estate in the Town of Provi- 
dence, it appears that among the earliest, if not the earliest 
settlers in Northern Rhode Island, were Edwabd Inkan, 
and Jomr Mowbt. Soon after these men had established 
themselves, we find Stbfbki Abnold and Nathaniel 
Mowbt with them* 

Their first settlement was on Sayles's Hill, so called in 
modern times. The precise time, when they came to Rhode 
Island, is not known. Nor is it clear whether Edward 
and John came together or separately. It is surmised, 
however, that they both came here from the Massachusetts 
Bay Colony, where they had probably spent some time, 


prior to making their permanent settlement within the 
limits of this State. 

There is but Utile doubt that this is the John Mowry 
who came over from London in the ship Blessing in 1685, ■ 
aged 19. If so, it is now unknown where he was dur- 
ing the period that followed his landing in the Bay 
Colony, until we find him- in Rhode Island. The first 
record which can now be found of his purchase of land 
was in 1666. He had probably lived here some years be* 
Sore the date of this deed :— 

10 the mowby family. 

Indian Deed, 1666. 

" Be it known unto all men by these presents, that I r 
William Minnion, of Punskcpage, in 70 Collony of ye* 
Massachusetts Bay, have, upon good consideration moving* 
me thereto, have freely given and passed over a tract of 
land unto Edward In man* and John Mowry, of Providence,, 
etc., being two thousand acres more or less, ye bounds of 
their lands lying from Loqueesit Northward. 

" Ye first bound is a chestnut tree on ye South, marked 
on four sides at ye first Indian field on Wessulkuttomisk 
Hill, running a mile due North, and then upon a line to 
Ummohbukkonit, taking in all ye meadows, and so to run 
to Nysshacuck, and so to a clump of pines called ye* 
Eeyes, and so to ye spring called Wessukkattomsuk, to yo- 
ehestnut tree above-mentioned, and so to Pawtucket River. 
To have and to hold without any trouble or molestation by 
any Indians, and for tho true performance hereof, That'* 
sett my hand and seal ye 14th day of May, 1666. 


" In pre&enee of 

Daniel Abbott, 
John Steerk." 

There probably was a deed prior to this, which is some* 
times spoken of in early records an tho 1,000 acre deed, 
but no copy of it is now known to bo extant. It is prob- 
ably alluded to in a deed dated Providence, 12, 1, 1661, 
from u Alexander, alias Waumsitton, or Sepauqut" to 
44 Thomas Olney, Sen., John Sayles, John Brown, Valen- 
tino Whitman, and Roger Williams," in which the Indian 
deeded to the white men " all my right and interest, claim 
and challenge, unto my lands, grounds and meadows, lying 
and being on tho west side of Seecunk or Pawtuckqut 


river, for the use of the town of Providence, excepting a 
bract of land about four or Jive miles, which I gave leave to 
William, or Quashawaunamut of Mossochuset, to dispose 
of, which said land begins at the old field of Wesquado- 

Although this deed mentions only Edward Inman and 
John Mowry as purchasers, we soon after find associated 
with them Nathaniel Mowry, a brother of John, many 
years his junior, and Stephen Arnold. It is probable that 
Nathaniel was a partner at the time of the deed, although 
the transaction with tho Indian was only with Edward and 
John. Possibly this was owing to the fact that the former 
deed was to those two men. In 1668, it appears by old 
papers still in existence that Inman sold one share of his 
right to John Steoro, and one to Thomas Walling. There 
were then five proprietors ;.and from the. document given 
below it would seem that Edward Inman held one shore ; 
Johu Steere, one; Thomas Walling, one; John and 
Nathaniel Mowry in partnership, one ; John alone, one ; 
and Nathaniel, one. 

AounmT, 1668. 


" We, the proprietors, being met together thistweneth 
daye of April, one thousand six hundred sixti and eight, doo 
conclude and agree as foloweth : to make an equal division 
of a certaiu tract of land and medo [meadow] which we had 
originally of William Anminion ; that is to say to each 
proprietor three huudred acres of upland and swampes ; 
and six acres medo ; and that no proprietor amonst us 
shall have any medo layod out in his grate lot ; but that 

tStsStspltfl* Aao*b» p. 575, 


which is mcdo shall be taken up for medo ; aad that each 
manes land shall be laid oat with all convenient speede 
that may be if desired ; and that a publick record be keept 
Of each mans land and medo ; and that the remainder of 
the land and medo undivided doo remain as comon till we 
see cause further to Agree ; we haveing drawed our lots for 
this present division of six Acres of medo ; Edward Inman 
first in turn in medo ; John Steer third, John Mory and Na- 
thaniel Mory are second and Nathaniel Mory is forth, 
Thomas Wallin is fifth and John Mory sixth ; and this 
present division of upland and medo to be laid out by the 
sixteen foot aad a half to the pole ; also reserving to our- 
selves convenient highways threwout this whole tract if 
need require ; loweing [allowing] to that man in whose 
land it shall fall reesnabie [reasonable] satisfaction; and 
that Arthur Penner take care of this our agreement untillhe 
hath transcribed unto us true copies hereof.: which is oned 
[owned] to be as authentick to us as the original with the 
subscription of his hand ; in the true performance of these 
our agreements we have here unto subscribed our names* 

The mark of T. W. THOMAS WALLING, 

This is a true coppy of the original ; in witness whereof 
I have hereunto set my hand this 28 : day of February: 

1707: 8 ABTHUB FENNEB." 

Another interesting question here suggests itself ; were 
John and Nathaniel Mowry of the same family as Bogor 
Howry, who camo over from England in 1681, and aftor* 
wards settled in Providence It is quite possible, and per* 
haps probable that Bogor was a brother of John and 


Nathaniel, yet at this day no evidence lias been found 
to make it certain. It may not be altogether a fanciful 
inquiry whether thia Roger Mawry (aa it was generally 
spelled) was not a relative of Roger Williams. This is 
suggested from the following facts : 
In the records of Boston may be found the following : 

" Eighteen Hay, 1681, names of such aa desire to be 
made ffreemen, [among them] Roger Mawry, Roger Wil- 
liams* 99 

Soon after this without waiting to accept the duties and 
privileges of " ffreemen " in that colony, they both went to 
Plymouth and resided there several years, then Roger 
Williams moved to Salem, and Roger Mawry either went 
with him or followed him soon after, for in 1687 he was a 
member of the church in Salem and waa appointed "Neat- 
herd." Els oldest son Jonathan was left in Plymouth, 
where he lived and died, and many of his descendants are 
there to this day. Subsequently he followed Roger Wil- 
liams to Providence. The first record known of him in 
Providence was in 1640. He died January 5th, 1666. 

There is a tradition that John Mo wry and his wife both 
died of small-pox and were buried on their farm on Sayles's 
HOI, on land now belonging to Benjamin Sayles, 2d. A 
document, well preserved, is now in the possession of 
Ephraim Sayles, Esq., of Smithfidd, (to whom the writer 
is specially indebted for many kindnessos, particularly for 
the privilege of examining many valuable papers of groat 
ago now in his possession,) which " quit claims unto the 
aforesaid John Mowry a piece of land of two jiolcs squaro, 
adjoining on the northeastern side of the said highwaye, at 


the place where his father and mother was buried* 11 This 
document is signed by James Bick, to whom John Mowry 
(son of John 1st) had deeded his farm* No reservation 
having been made of this burial ground* Bick quit-claimed 
it back to John. This quit-claim deed was written by 
Nathaniel Mowry, and witnessed by him and John Sayles, 
February 8, 1710-11. 

Below is a foe simile of his autograph in witness of the 
above quit-claim* 

Nathaniel's age at this time is proved by a deposition 
made by him about a mouth previous to the above date, 
vis.: January 6, 1710-11, in which he says he was then 66 
years of age. 

He was therefore born about 1644. If Johix was he who 
came over in tho Blessing in 1686, Nathaniel must have 
been born after his brother's departure from the old coun- 
try. Nathaniel married in the fall of 1666, Johannah 
Ininan, daughter of Edward, he being at that time, there- 
fore, a young man of 22 years of age. 

John and Nathaniel were admitted freemen in Provi- 
dence, May 1, 1672. 

They were brothers, without doubt, although some havo 
heretofore supposed othorwise* 

lit proof of this tlio following Ih copied from tho Provi- 
dence Records : 

M At a meeting of the Town Council of Providence, April 
16, 1695, Nathaniel Mowry hath this day given in to the 
Council an account of his administration upon the estate 


<rf his deceased brother, John Howry. • • • • • 
The Council hath examined and allowod his account, and 
And that all debts and charges paid, there is jet * * * 
remaining to be divided amongst the children, the sum of 
£48, 10s only what James Phillips and his wife had of the 
said John Mowry, before the death of the said John 
Mo wry, shall also be counted dividable with the rest 
of the estate. And whereas John Mowry, heir of the 
deceased John Mowry, is uow of full age to receive his 
part of the said estate, the Council do hereby order the 
administrator, Nathaniel Mowry, to deliver his part of the 
said estate into his hands." 

It may not be amiss to add a word here in reference to 
other Mowrys in America. 

We have spoken above of John and Nathaniel, and of 

Savage in his New England Genealogical Dictionary 
mentions in addition to the above, Jonathan, of Plymouth, 
who, we have already seen, was tho cldor son of Roger ; 
and George Morey, Duxbury, 1640. Of this George noth- 
ing need be said in this ploco. 

Besides those we find Benjamin, of Kingston, 1688. He 
was undoubtedly son of Bogor, of Providence, as Roger 
had a son Benjamin, who was born May 8, 1640. 

Thomas, of Boxbury, was also sou of Roger and was born 
July 10, 1662. All these can be properly accounted for, 
but tho " llhode Island Colonial Records " mention a 
Josoph Morie, as deputy from Jamestown in 1G8C, and 
(probably the same) Joseph Mowry, grand jury man in 
1687, and same name, constable the same yean 

It has not yet been determined who this Josoph was. 


In regard to the spelling of the name a few words may* 
be said. In the early records its orthography Tories to aa 
almost unlimited degree. It is Mory, Morey, Mowry,. 
Mowroy, Mawry, Mawrey, Mawrie, Moorie, and various, 
other ways. Much of this rariety is owing to the little- 
attention paid in those days to orthography, and much 
may be attributed to the fact that most of the documont* 
that hare come down to us are copies, and we have pre- 
served only the spelling of the clerk. Yet even when the 
original papers are preserved, the spelling is by no means- 

In a document referred to heretofore from which 
Nathaniel Mowry*s autograph is taken, written ovidently 
by Nathaniel, he spells John Howry* repeatedly, and in 
affixing his own signature, he spells it Mawrey. But in. 
the samo signature he spells Nathaniel, Nathanra/. Yet he 
was a good writer, evidently more versed in literary and 
legal matters than most of his neighbors. In process of 
time, the spelling Mowry prevailed almost exclusively 
among the descendants of John and Nathaniel, and that 
of JUarey, with equal uniformity among the descendant* 
of George, and many of the descendants of Roger, (per- 
haps altogether among the descendants of Roger's son 
Thomas, of Roxbury.) 

Whether there was a difference in the spelling in Eng- 
land, it may be now impossible to say. There are persons, 
now living in England, by the name of Morey; and I 
have heard it said that there are other families,— called 
landed families, who spell the name Mowry. 

The place where they first established themselves was. 
near the summit of " Sayles's Hill," so-called, or as it was. 


generally known for the first hundred years, " Howry's 
Hill." Probably the same reasons prevailed in this case 
to induce them to settle upon the top of a higli hill, as in 
most of the neighboring towns of the Bay Colony. Un- 
questionably the advantage which such a position gave 
them in guarding against surprises from the Indians, and 
in defending themselves from the assaults of these natives 
were prominent reasons for selecting high ground for their 
settlement There are some scraps of information still in 
existence concerning fights with the Indians from their 
fort on this hilL 

About fifteen years after the date of the deed given 
above we find the proprietors to be John and Nathaniel 
Howry, Edward Inman and Stephen Arnold. They had 
bought land of various parties, and in 1682, there having 
arisen some disputes as to the boundary of these lands, iho 
Town of Providence appointed commissioners to run out 
the lands and define the. boundaries. The commission did 
its work and made report to the town, the boundaries wore- 
confirmed, and an instrument somewhat similar to a deed, 
and largely answering the purpose of one, was granted to 
the said John and Nathaniel Mowry, Edward Inman and 
Stephen Arnold, signed by these commissioners, who evi- 
dently were among the first men of the town. Their 
names were Arthur Fenner, William Hopkins, John Whip- 
ple, Jr., Thomas Olney, Jr., and Richard Arnold. By thia 
deed of the commisioners it appeared that these four mca 
now owned 8,500 acres of land, extending from the west 
side of Woonsocket Hill eastward nearly to Pawtucket, and 
from Woonsocket and the Blackstone river on the north,, 
southerly nearly to Stillwater and Georgiaville. 


These commissioners describe this land as follows : * 
" It lieth in three parts, namely : — 

"1. Two thousand three hundred and fifty acres lieth 
north and by west across the eastern end of said tract- 
part bordoring upon Pawtucket River, and part upon a 
amail stream callod Wasquadousett. 

u 2. One thousand acres at Wansaukit Hill, beginning 
«t the south end of said hill, and so ranging northward to 
the Pawtucket, the north end thereof bordering upon said 
river, the southeastern corner being bounded with a snag 
tree, and from the said tree to range west to a low rock, 
which is a southwestern corner bound ; and from said rock 
to range north to a big rock standing in Pawtucket river— 
a white oak tree standing southward from said rock, 
a littlo way from the brim of the river bank, being marked 
for a range tree, the which said rock is a northwestern 
corner bound ; and from said rock to follow the river unto 
a walnut tree, marked from the brim of the river hanks, 
the which said walnut treo is a northeastern "corner bound 
of the said thousand acres of land. 

u 3. Ono hundred and fifty acres where James Black* 
norc's house onco stood, the said land being four square, 
Blackmore's house being in tlio middle of it." 

Soon after this they divided the land between them, each 
taking his portion, and about this time they separated from 
Saylcs 9 * Hill and each family took up a residence by itself. 

Nathaniel lived over fifty years after his marriage, and 
died March 24, 1717-18, a little over 73 years of age. 

The exact dato of his marringo is not known, but wo 
liavo the followiug, by which wo may fix this important 
event as occurring early in tho fall of 1666.f 

•Uichantoonhi Itbtory of Wooutookof, p. 32. 

tSavsqp nyi lis was mortal in July, lfltitt. TUIs U unquestionably prema» 


" At a town meeting Aug. 28, 1666 , Nathaniel Mo wry, 
hath this day declared his intention of marriage with 
Johannah Inman,* it being the first time of publishing." 

This Johannah was the daughter of Edward Inman. 

In a rate bill for taxing the inhabitants of the Town of 
Providence, dated June 16, 1713, the following Mowrys 
are mentioned, and taxed as follows : 

* i. d. 

Nathaniel Mowry. r 15 00 

Henry Howry, [son of Nathaniel] 8 06 

John Mowry, Jr., [ u " ] 5 00 

John Mowry, [son of John] ... 14 00 

Joseph Mowry, [son of Nathaniel] 1 5 00 

Of more than 130 names upon this bill, representing 
the northern section of the town, only one name was taxed 
for a larger sum than this Joseph Mowry. 

In one or two instances, wluyo two persons wero taxed 
together, the tax exceeded that levied against him. 

Will or Nathaniel MowaY.f 

" I, Nath'aniel Mowrey, of Providence, in the colony of 
Blioad Island and Providenco Plantations in Now England, 
yeoman, being weak of body, but of sound and dissposoing 
inotnory, (praiso be given to God for the same) doc make 
this my last will and testament in manner and form fol- 
lowing : 

" First and principally, I commit my sperit into the 
mareifull hands of Almighty God my Creator: and my 
body I commit to the earth to bo decently buried after the 
decression [discretiou] of my executor hereinafter named : 

•Booord of Bo n k , 6o* 9 Ptoy h Book L 

t Jtaa WlUf, to* No. S» 1T10-S& Oounefl Booorda,"— ProrftUonoe. 


and as to the worldly estate which the Lord hath lent 
mee in this present life, I give and bequeathe as fol- 
io weth: Imprimis; I give and bequeathe unto my son 
Nathaniell Mowrey, one-hundred acres of land which is 
scituate and lieing upon the hill called Wansecutt hill, 
within the township of Providence, aforesaid : to have and 
to hold the the said hundred acres of land, be it more or 
less, with the priviledges and appurtinanses, unto him— my 
aforesaid son Nathaniell, his heirs and assigns forever* 

" 2dly. I give and bequeathe unto my son John Mowrey 
Ten acres of land which lieth adjoyning to his homestead, 
and also Thirty acres of land lieing upon the west side of 
the aforesaid Wansecutt hill, within the township of Provi- 
dence aforead, it being the one-halfe of sixty acres of land 
which lieth in partinorship betwixt my son John Mowrey 
and myself, to* have and to hold the said teu acres unto 
him— my sd son John, and unto his heirs and assigns with 
all singulier the priviledges and appurtinanses thereunto 
belonging forever. 

" 8dly, I give and bequeathe unto my son Henry Maw* 
rey fifty acres of land to be taken of on the north side of 
my homestead, where on I now dwell, which is scituate 
within the towneship of Providence above said and upon 
Wesquotomsit hill, the said fifty acres to be derided of 
with a straight line and to be of equal breadth throughout 
from East to West on the North side of my sd homestead : 
to have and to hold the said fifty acres of land with all 
and singulier the priviledges and appurtinanses there m 
contained unto him— my said son Henry Mawrey his heirs, 
and assigns forever. 

" 4thly. I give and bequeathe unto my son Joseph 
Mawrey the remainder parte of all my homestead which I 
suppose to be one hundred and ten acres of land with the* 
dwelling house standing there on, orchard, and all other 
and singulier, the priviledges and appurtinanses there unto 



belonging : he allowing the priviledge of the dwelling 
house to his mother during the term of her naturall life : 
to have and to holil the said hundred and ten acres of land 
be it more or less, with the dwelling house and orchard 
and priviledges afore sd unto him, my afore sd son Joseph 
Mawrey, his heirs and assigns forever : provided he doth 
not charge the money I have had of him, so as to have 
destitution out of my other estate : it being under that 
consideration of the money I have had of him that I give 
him so much more than the other of his brothers. 

u 5thly. I give and bequeathe unto my daughter Martha 
Mawrey one halfe house lott, so-called, in a late devision 
made in and about the towne of Providence aforesaid : and 
halfe a right in the Common Lands on the east side of the 
seaven mile line in said Providence, the said halfe lott and 
halfe right in the commons being in the origanall right of 
Richard Pray : Jtaa, I give and bequeathe unto my afore* 
said daughter Martha a small piece of meadow lieing att 
a place called Popple swamp noaro Matetocotinet : within 
the towne ship of Providence aforesaid. To have and to 
hold the said Lands, Commons, Meadow and Priviledges 
aforesaid unto her, my aforesaid daughter Martha Mawrey, 
her heirs and assigns forever. 

11 6thly. I give and bequeathe unto my loving wife 
Johannah Mawrey my dwelling house dureing the term of 
her naturall life, and, after her' decease, to go to my son 
Joseph or his heirs or assigns as aforesaid : Item, I give 
and bequeathe unto my sd loveing wife all my house hold 
goods of what sort so ever to be equally devided amongst 
my six daughters, namely Sarah Phillips, Mary Arnold, 
Johannah Pheteplaee, Patience Smith, Marcy Smith & 
Experience Malavory, and to be unto them, there Heirs or 
assigns forever. 

" Tthly. I give and bequeathe unto my aforesaid six 
daughters, as namely : Sarah Phillips, Mary Arnold, Jo* 


hannah Phcteplace, Patience Smith. Marc/ Smith, & 
Experience Molavory : all my wholo stock of cattle to be 
equally devided amongst them my aforesaid six daughters 
and to be unto them, thcire heirs and assigns :— excepting- 
onely ono Cow I have already varbaly givou to my daughter 
Martha Mawrey and a meaire coult which is not to come- 
into the division. 

" And my will is that my two sons Joseph Mawrey and 
Henry Mawrey shall take the care and provide for their* 
mother, my wife, during the time of her naturall Life as 
she may have nessesaryes fit for her condition in her old 
age : and I doe name and appoynt my sou Joseph Mawrey 
to bo my sole executor to this my last Will and Testament. 
In witness whereof I do hereunto sett my hand and seale 
this 18th day of March, in the fourth yeare of his Majestyo's 
Rcigne, George, King of Orcate Brittan, &o. Anno Dom.: 

his + murka 1****% 

u Signed, sealed and pro- 
nounced in tho presence 
of us. 

John Mawrey, 
Joseph Bolkcome, 
Richard Waterman, June. 

" Att a towne council held att Providence this 4th day of 
Aprill : 

u The within will was examined, approved and allowed 
to bo recorded. 

Attest Per Richard Waterman, Gierke. 

Recorded this 18th day of April, 1718. 

Per mee, Richard Waterman, Clerke- 



Inventory of Nathaniel Mowry's Estate. 

" A truo Inventory of all the (roods and Chatties and 

Orodits of Nathaniel Mawroy of Providence, who deceased 

March the 24th, 1717. 

* i. a. 

Imprimis— His wearing apparil 11 08 00 

Item-Bills of Creadit 4 14 10 

Item-— A feather bed and bedstead and furni- 
ture belonging to it— all old 08 00 00 

Item— Four Sheets, a table Cloth, two nap- 
kins and sum other old liniu. 01 08 06 

Item— A pairo of Stillards 00 16 00 

Item— A Chest 00 09 00 

Item— An old Chest and a box 00 02 00 

Item— A paire of money Skales and two 

pair of Cards and some old tilings 00 14 06 

Item— A Stone Jugg and sum Bum in it, 

and a Earthin Pott and Soger 00 08 00 

Itom— Four Bags, sum Mccle and a lliddlo, 00 11 00 

Item— Rye in a Barrill.. . . . I r 00 10 00 

Item— Three Pewter Platters 00 17 00 

Item— Four Pewter basons, two plates and 

two porringers. 00 16 00 

Item— Three old basons, scaven spoons an 

oald Pott and some old Peuter 00 09 06 

Item— A Chambor Pott 00 08 00 

Item— Two brass Kettles 02 00 00 

Item— Two Skillits, a old warming pan. ... 00 12 00 

Item— Two Iron Potts, a iron Kcttlo and 

Pott hooks 00 18 00 

Item— Two fryeing pans, one very old 00 05 00 

Item— A churn, a sett wash tub, two bur- 
rills and sum old lumber 00 08 06 

Item— Hoggs fat in a tub and a Earthin 

pctt and other old tilings* 00 09 00 

Item— Two tubs, a paile and four trays. . . . 00 09 00- 


« •. a. 

Item— Pork in two barrila 04 00 00 

Item— A grindstone, an iron pin, a candle* 

stick and a Trowel 00 00 00 

Item— A nana ax, 2 old axes and an adds. 00 09 00 
Item— 2 angers 2 Chisels, a hamer and 

pineher. 00 05 00 

Item— 2 bolte rings, 3 wedges an old Cleeris 

and pin .' 00 08 06 

Item— A square, a sickle a hooke and sum 

other old things. 00 05 00 

Item— An old gnn. 00 06 00 

Item— Two old chains and a narra ax.. ... 00 12 00 

Item— A poale, 3 hoos and spade 00 08 06 

Item— Hon traaes, taile eheaine, coller 

andharnes < 00 06 00 

Item— Saddle, maile pillion and bridle..... 00 12 00 

Item— A carte rope and halter 00 06 00 

Item— A old Biblo and four old books ..... 00 07 00 
Item— A tobacco box, tongs, a knife and 

Glass bottle 00 01 00 

Item— Two beds in the chamber 05 08 00 

Item— Salt in a barril. .' 00 02 00 

Item— Beans, some malte and hops 00 09 00 

Item— Nailes and old iron, some sheepes 

woll and two Calves skins 00 11 00 

Item— Two Tramels and fire tongs. 00 10 00 

Item— Plough Irons 00 04 00 

Item— Indian Corne 00 10 06 

Item— A spinning wheel 00 02 06 

Item— Two barrils Cydor, some Empty Cask 

and trays in the seller .01 14 00 

Item— A Mayr. 9 00 00 

Item— Six Cows, 2 heifers 5 yeare olds and 

somohay 42 00 00 

Item— Four Swine 01 14 00 

Totall 106 08 02 


« Praisied March ye 81st 1718, by 


v Samuel Coxstooc, Junb." 

" Recorded this 18th day of Aprill, Anno Dom. 1716. 

Per mee Richabd Waterman, Qerke" 

On the back aide of the Inventory it was written as fol- 
io weth : — 

" At a Town Council held att Providence thia 4th day 
of Aprill, Anno Dom. 1718, the within Inventory was 
examined, approved and allowed to be recorded. 

Aa attest : Per Richabd Waterman, Clerk*." 
" Recorded this 18th day of Aprill. Anno Dom. 1718. 

Per mee Richabd Waterman, Clerk*. 1 


Gap?. Josbps Mowbby*s Powbb of Executor on Estatb 

of Nathaniel Mowrbt. 

M Where as Mr. Nathaniell Mowroy of this Towne of 
Providence in the Oolony of Ehoad Island and Providence 
Plantations in New England, yeoman, who departed this 
life March the 24th, 1717-8: did, in his last Will and 
Testament, appoint his son Joseph Mowrey to be executor 
to his sd Will, and where aa the said Joseph Mowrey hath 
presented an Inventory of the estate of his sd deceased 
father to the Towne Oouncill of Providence afore said, 
which was by the said Towne Councill accepted : and hath 
also given bond for his true and faithfull performance of 
his administration upon sd estate : 

" These are therefore to order and fully empower yon, 
Capt Joseph Mowrey of Providence above sd to take into 
your care and custody all and singulier the moveable 
estate, goods, cattle and chattels which belonged unto your 
said deeeased father att ye time of his death, with the 
debts due to said estate : and on the samo to administer, 
in order to pay his debts and performe his will: and to act 


and doe in all cases relating the premises as neede shall 
require, as the law empowereth an executor to do. 

" Given at a Towne Council held at Providence above 
said this 4th day of A prill,, in the fourth jeare of his 
Majestyes Reign George Sling of Great Brittan, <fcc. Anno 
Dom. 1718. 

— . Signed and sealed by order of the Councill and on 
*">their behalfs. 

Per inee Eichabd Waterman, Cl&rke of ye Councill. 
Recorded per mee Richabd Waterman, CUrke." 

Captain Joseph Mowrey's Account as Administrator 
on Estate of his Father Nathaniel Mowrey. 

" April 14th, 1718. 

" Paid to satisfte Martha Howrey for her trouble and 

care for what shee did for my mother in the time, of her 

sickness, twelve shillings 00. 12 0Q 

April 14, 1718. Paid to Lidia Bolkcorae, 
two shillings 0G 02 00 

April 17, 1718. John Mowrey for prisner 
and going to towne, fire shillings 00 05 00 

April 19, 1718. Paid to John Crawford 
one pound 01 00 00 

April 28, 1718. John Sayles, Junr. for dig- 
ging the two graves, six shillings. 00 06 00 

April 28, 1718. Richard Sayles, for his 
workc towerds makeing of the two cofins 
six shillings 00 06 00 

April 29, 1718. To John Arnold for bonis 
for the cofins and his worke towerds make- 
ing, fifteen shillings 00 16 00 

May 17, 1718. Paid to Joseph Whipple, 
one pound and three shillings 01 08 00 

May 17, 1*718. Paid to Doctor Bowing, 
fourteen shillings 00 14 00 


June 2th, 1718. Mr. Samuel Wilkinson 
Justice of the Peace taken the Count of 
the Inrentory and wrighteing of the Pro- 
bate, flye shillings 00 05 00 

June Sd, 1718. Paid to Abigail Harris, 

four shillings 00 04 00 

June 4, 1718. Paid to Joseph Balkcum, 

four shillings and three pence 00 04 08 

August 1, 1718. Paid to Samuel Comstock, 
shillings 00 06 00 

September 20, 1718. Paid to Leiutt Sam- 
uel Thard twebe shillings 00 12 00 

January 29, 1718, or 10. Paid to John 

Arnold, Senr., three shillings 00 08 00 

February 29th, 1718, or 19. Beconed with 
Mr. Joseph Whipple. Paid to him two 
pounds, sixteen shillings and five pence . . 02 16 05 

Paid to ye Towne Council! 00 06 00 

To ye Gierke for writeing , . , . .' '. 00 07 06 

" The above written is an account of my administration 
upon the moveable estate of my hoard father, Nathaniel 
Howrey, deceased. 

PBononrct, April ye 20th, 1719. 


" Recorded this 29th day of April, Anno Dom. 1719." 



"Boeeived this fifth day of May, 1718, wee Richard 
Phillips, John Arnold, Edward Smith, Joseph Smith, Wal- 
ter Pheteplaee end John Molavory, of the tonne of Prori- 


dence, in the Colony of Rhode Island, in New England : 
of Joseph Mawrey of the towne and colony above sd, 
Executor of hie honored Father Nathaniel Mawrey, of the 
towne and colony above said, deceased, the legacies which 
were given to our wives, vis.: Sarah Phillips, Mary 
Arnold, Marey Smith, Patience Smith, Hannah Pheteplace, 
and Experience Malavory, by theire honored father the sd 
Nathaniel Mawrey in and by his last will and testament 
which was all his household goods and all his stock of 
cattle, except one cow and one colt, of which said house- 
hold goods and stock of cattle wee, the said Richard Phil- 
lips, John Arnold, Edward Smith, Joseph Smith, Walter 
Phetoplace, and John Molavory, do acquit and fully dis- 
charge the said Joseph Mawrey, his heirs, executors, ad- 
ministrators, and every of them forever, by these presents. 
" In witness where of wee have here unto sett our hands 
and seals the seacond day of June, Anno Dom. 1718. 

Signal, Mated and dtUvcrtd in 
Ike prtmne* qf 

Valuntinb Whitman. bzchabd Phillips, [l.s. 

John Whitman. johnt Arnold, [l.s. 

Saml Wiuonson, Justice. h>wam> smith, [l.s. 



Tb« marks of JOHN + MALAVORY. [l.s. 

" May the 6th, 1718 : I Received of my brother Joseph 
Mawrey my portion in full which my father gare to me by 
will, I say Received by mee MARTHA MOWREY. 

her + marke." 

tf as witness my hand Richard Phillip*." 

" as witness my hand Libia Bolkcoki." 

" The above Receipts recorded this 22d of November, 

1718, by mee 

Richabd Waterman, 




L NATHANIEL MOWEY, born 1644; married in 
1666, Jokanvah, daughter of Edward Inman ; died March 
24,1717-18, aged 78. 


2. Nathaniel. 8. Marj. 

8. John. 9. Johannah. 

4. Henry. 10. Patience. 

5. Joseph. 11. Marey. 

6. Martha. 12. Experience. 

7. Sarah. 

All of these children are known to have been married 
except Nathaniel and Martha. It is supposed they died 
unmarried. A foil account of Nathaniel Senior baring 
already been given, we now pass to the seoond generation. 



3. JOHN MOWBY, son of Nathaniel, called John 
Howry, Jr., married March 24, 1699, Elizabeth Clark. 


18. John, b. about 1700. 

There remains some doubt concerning who this John 
was. In those early days there were so many different 
persons by the name of John Mowry that it* is somewhat 
difficult, when the name is found, to determine which 
person is meant. In the records of deeds this John, son 
of Nathaniel, was called John, Jr., while John the son of 
John (Nathaniel's brother), being younger than John, Jr.,. 
received the name of John, 2d. 

One John Mowry was called " Black-headed John " ; and 
another, who lived at a place called Nipsachuck, or Nipsa- 
chuck Hill, was called " Nipsachuck John/ 9 The Josephs 
were also so numerous that one was known as " Candle- 
haired Joe/ 9 one t' Captain Joseph," and a little later 
one was called u Bachelor Joe." Indeed, special cog* 
nomens were very common. Of two Job Mowrys, at a 
little later date, one was dignified by the name " Royal 


Job," or " Job the Royal Sawyer " (in common parlance, 
" Rial Job ") ; while the other, for some reason, was de- 
nominated " Flick-an-flaw Job.' 9 

The Daniels also were distinguished in the following 
manner : " Captain Daniel," " Daniel Jr.," " Daniel ye 
8d," " Daniel ye 4th," and « Hill DanieL" 

There are no reoords in Smithfield or Providence to 
show what became of this John, Jr., or whether he had 
.an j children. But the records of a very respectable family 
in Greenwich, Washington County, N. Y., are sufficiently 
full and reliable to prore beyond much doubt that this 
John, Jr., had one son, named John, and that he married 
Anna Appleby, and had a son John. The proof is not 
conclusive, but nearly so, that he was the son of John, 
Jr., and Elisabeth. 

If this point be admitted, all the known facts in the 
history of this family can be reconciled, and, so far as I 
can discover, on no other theory. John Mo wry, who 
married Anna Appleby, if the son of John, Jr., and 
Elisabeth, was born about 1700, or a little later. His son 
John was born probably about 1725 or 1780. The father 
died soon after the birth of the son, leaving Anna a 
widow. She subsequently married a Mr. Latham, and 
they had two children, a daughter named Rhoda, and a 
son named Arthur. This son John married Lois Potter, 
daughter of John and Elisabeth Potter. Elizabeth was the 
daughter of Elisabeth and Robert Earle, of Newport, 
R. L Probably this marriage was about 1766 or 1768. 
He was a baker, and supplied the American troops with 
bread during the Revolution. After peace was declared 


he moved to Woodstock, Conn., and purchased a farm. 
He had nine children, seven sons and two daughters. He 
lived and died in Woodstock. 

His son William, born in 1779, learned the cotton 
manufacturing business of Samuel Slater, at Pawtucket ; 
and after removing to Washington County, N. Y., set up 
the first cotton machinery in that State. The evidence 
is so strong that this family sprang from John, Jr., and 
Elisabeth, that I shall venture to place them so in the 

4. HENBY MOWBY, aon of Nathaniel, married 1 
Not. 27, 1701, Mabt Bull, of ProTidence, daughter of 
Isaac and Mar? Boll. He died Sept 28, 1759. 


14. Mary, b. Sept. 28, 1702. 

15. Uriah, b. Aug. 16, 1706. 

16. Jonathan, b. June 1, 1708. 

17. Jeremiah, b. April 7, 1711. 

18. Sarah, b. April 5, 1717. 

19. Elisha. 

20. Fhebe. 

Jan. 4, 1788-4, Hannah Mowry, in Olocester. 
She was widow of John Mowry, 2d, who was the son of 
John, and own cousin of Henry. Her maiden name was 

Henry Mowry was a prominent man in his day. He 
lived and died on the home farm of his father. The place 
has been in the family till very lately. It is situated on 
the northerly side of Sayles's Hill, and has been known of 


late as the Tyler Mowry place- Since his death, hie daugh- 
ter, Miss Sarah Ann Mowry, lived there, till her decease, a 
year or two ago, and now the place has gone out of the 
family. - 

Henry Mowry was a very active man, and filled the 
office of constable for many years. Some one has said 
that " The Mowrys hare been noted for their hard work 
to get money, and quite as famous for their inability to 
keep it, by reason of their inclination for the law/ 9 How* 
ever this may be, it would certainly appear that some of 
them hare been muc£i inclined to litigation. They prob- 
ably, as a class, hare quite an average share of wilfulness, 
if not stubbornness. Henry and his brother, Captain Jo* 
seph, were for several years engaged in a lawsuit about the 
boundary of a piece of land. The one sued the other for 
trespass,, and in turn was sued for assault and battery. 
Finally they agreed to submit the case to arbitration, and it 
was decided — which way is of no material consequence at 
this day. The Arbitration Bond given between these men 
is a curiosity. It is dated Sept. 4, "In the oighth 
year of his Majesties Reign, George, King of Great Brit- 
ain, 6c, Annoque Domini, 1721." 

The amount of the bond is u one hundred pounds cur* 
rent money of New England." 

" The condition of this obligation is such that if the 
above bounden Joseph Mowry, his heirs, executors, or ad- 
ministrators shall and Do in all things well and truly stand 
to, obey, abide, observe, perform, fulfill, and keep the 
award, arbitrament, order, final end, Determination and 
Judgment of Joseph Jenckes, Andrew Harris and Philip 


Tillinghast (or any two of them agreeing), all of Providence 
aforesaid. Gentlemen Arbitrators, indifferently chosen, 
selected and named, as well on the part and behalf of 
the above bounden Joseph Mowry, as on ye part and be* 
half of the above mentioned Henry Mowry, to arbitrate, 
award, order, Judge, Determine and a final end to make, 
of, for, upon, touching & concerning any measures or 
bounds, of Lands in controversy between them, and all 
manner of actions, troubles, or Controversy* between the 
said Henry Mowry and Joseph Mowry, at or before the 
Day of the Date of these Presents. For by reason or means 
of a suit commenced by the said Joseph Mowry against 
the said Henry Mowry, as ye said Joseph Mowry is attor- 
ney to Benjamin Paine, and to take for their bounds A 
measures for their lands in controversy such as the said 
arbitrators shall order & erect to be . measured', made, A 
settled between them : So as the said award, arbitrament, 
final end and determination of the said arbitrators or any 
two of them, of, in, and upon'the premises be made A put 
in writing under their hands and seals, Ready to. be Deliv- 
ered to each party, at, on or before the Twenty eighth Day 
of this Instant, September————, at the house of 
William Turpin, in Providence, within mentioned, and it 
is further agreed between the parties within mentioned that 
if either of the said arbitrators should through Sickness, 
Death, or any other Casualty not be able to finish the said 
award ; That if the said Joseph Jenckes should be want- 
ing, then the said Joseph Mowry shall choose another in 
his room ; if the said Philip Tillinghast should be wanting* 
then the sd Henry Mowry shall choose another in his room ; 
and if the said Andrew Harris should be wanting then the 
said Joseph Mowry 6 Henry Mowry shall choose such a 
person as they two shall think, proper. And to finish all 
matters <fc Differences between them as well those not men- 
tioned as mentioned* Then the above or within obligation 


to be void 6 of no effect, otherwise to stand A remain in 
full force and Virtue in the Law." 

" Signed, Sealed & Delivered — 

In the Presence off us y 


It is supposed, at this distant day, in the absence of any 
evidence to the contrary, that the " award, arbitrament, 
final end and determination of these arbitrators " was 
made, and that the parties did "well and truly stand to, 
obey, abide, observe, perform, fulfill and keep the award, 
arbitrament* /order, final, end, determination and judg- 
ment," «te* **cl etc/ 

Be this as it may, it is certainly true that while the 
papers of " the parties aforesaid " are full of matters per* 
taining to " measures or bounds of lands in controversy 
between them/ 9 for several years previous to the date of 
this bond, no mention is made in any paper, now to be 
found, of any further difficulty at any subsequent date. 

From the multitude of papers still existing, many of 
them in the possession of the writer, it is apparent that 
Henry was a vigorous, active man, earnest and decided* 
He did a large business in public affairs for many years, 
and was always active in his own concerns. Besides his 
extensive farm, from which he made large quantities of 
butter and cheese, he was a cooper by trade, and followed 
the business more or less during his long life. 

He died in 1760, and his two sons, Jonathan and Elisha, 
were his executors. 


From a letter written by him March 4, 1736-7, to 
Samuel Thayer, is copied his autograph, given below. 

the details of his will, the Inventory of 
personal property, as rendered by the appraisers, is given 
below. These old inventories convey to us much informa- 
tion concerning the habits, manners and customs, mode of 
life and values in those ancient times. 

" A True inventory of all the Goods and Chattels and 
Credits of Henery Mowry of Smithfield, in the County of 
Providence, <fcc, who departed this Life on the 23d day of 
September, A. D. 1759, and was prised by us the Subscribers 
the 20th day of November, 1750, as followeth : — 

*. m. d. 
Imprimis— To his wareing apparril 68 10 00 

Item — To silver money Beckoned in old 

Tennor 81 04 4 

Item— To bills of Credit old Tennor 71 16 4 

Item — To one note from Elisha Sayles Due 

April ye 15th, 1757 8 14 7 

Item— To one note more from Elisha Sayles 

Due April ye 15th, 1767 46 15 5 

Item — To one note more from Elisha Sayles 

Due May ye 21st, 1767 188 16 

Item— To one note more from Reuben Al- 

drich on Demand. 7 18 

Item— To one bond from Edward Mitchell. 860 06 
Item— To 8 Putor Platters 18 00 

Item— To one Dusen of putor plates 10 00 


£. «• d. 

Item— To 2 Basins, 8 puter pots, and old 

potar,all 4 14 

Item— To six Basons and some old puter, 

•11 10 00 a 

Item— To two Brass Kittles 50 00 

Item— To two Iron Kittles 8 10 

Item— To two Iron Kittles 9 00 

Item— To one Bed and Beding and cord, all 114 00 

Item— To half a dosen of old Chears 4 10 

Item— To one clock Reel 8 10 

Item— To one hatchel, one Grid Iron, one 

frying pan, all 8 00 

Item— To one Peace of Oloath 22 00 

Item— To one Stone Jug, one Glass Bottel 

•11 2 00 

Item— To two old Books 2 00 

Item— To one chease; tub, one churn, one 

mortor, all*. , 5 00 

Item— To two old tramels one old Sickel all. 8 10 

Item— To one old Broad ax. . . 2 00 

Item— To one pair of money scales and 

some weights. 5 00 

Item— To one old chest and small trunk and 

Box, all 10 

Item— To horse tackling and old chains, alL 18 

Item*— To one Grind Stone 6 

Item— To one Brindle Cow 86 

Item— To one white fast Cow 60 

Item— To one white fast heifer. 80 

Item— To ouc tramcl,onc pair of tongs, one 

fire shovel, all 12 00 

Item— To Coopers tools and one broad 

chisel, one orger, one Rasor, all 24 10 

Item— To one large table, one small tabic, 

all '. 10 00 









*. m. d. 

Item— To one old Iron Spade.: 10 

Item-J To one pair of Stilyafda. 8 00 

Item— -To one old Iron pot.. 1 00 

Item— To one old pair of Sheep shears, one 

old frow, one Iron weg 2 10 

Item— To one old bell 06 

1264 18 08 

Benjamin Pain. 
Richard Sayles. 

" At a Town Council in Smithfield, December 10th, 
1759, the within Inventory was accepted of, as a Lawfnll 
Inventory and ordered to be Recorded. 

" Test John Saylbs, Junb., Cou f I Cler. 

" And is Recorded in Smithfield Town Council Records 
in the Second Book and in Page 821. 

" Pr John Saylbs, Junb.,- Con' I Cler." 

On the back of this Inventory is this record: — 

« The Hole Inventory 1264 18 8 

All the Debts taken out and Paid and Rem 1002 00 0" 

The Executor's Bond was given to the Town Council, 
"Dated this 12th day of novembr, 1759, k ix» the 
83d year of his Majesty's Reign." The amount of the 
bond was u Ten Thousand pounds." 

This bond only called for the Executors to " make, or 
causo to be made, a True & perfect Inventory of all 
& singular the goods and chattels of Mr. Henry Mowry, 
of Smithfield, afd M Deceased, and the same so made do 
Exhibit, or cause to be Exhibited, before the afd Town 
Council on or before the 12th day of December next 91 




5, JOSEPH MOWRY, son of Nathauiel, called Captain 
Joseph, married June 8, 1696, Alice Whipple. 



21. Daniel, b. Sept 6, 1697. 

22. Joseph, b. Feb' 26, 1698-9. 
28. Olirer, b. Sept 26, 1699-1700. 

24. Alice, b. Jan. 6, 1712. 

25. Waite, b. June 6, 1716. 


• This Captain Joseph lived till sometime after 1721. He 
was married in 1695, and in 1708 he built a fine largo 
house, one of the largest houses in the colony, several 
miles southerly from his father's. The house is now 
standing (1878), one hundred and seventy years old. It 
is situated a short distance south of the Douglas Turn- 
pike, so callod, and about one mile northwesterly from 
the village of Stillwater. In spite of its great age, the 
house is even now in good condition, and is one of the 
oldest houses now standing in the State. 

Since writing the above, a small black glass bottle has 
come into the possession of the writer, marked by a gla* 
iter's diamond with the following : — - 


The tradition is that when this house was built, a 
glasier came out from Providence to set the glass for the 


windows, and that the owner of the house wrote his name 
and the date upon this bottle with the glasier's diamond. 
The bottle descended from Joseph to his son, Captain 
Daniel ; from him to his son, Judge Daniel ; he gave it to 
his daughter Mary, who married Dr. John Wilkinson; 
then it passed into the possession of her only child, ioney, 
the wife of John Harris ; and from them to their daughter, 
Mrs- Dr. T. K. Newhall, of Providence, who presented it 
to the writer. 

The following account of this house is copied from the 
Providence Journal, September, 1876 : — 

History of an Old House. 

" It is a large, square house, the front measuring more 
than forty feet, and having a depth .nearly as- great. It 
has two large ' front rooms/ one on either side of the 
4 front entry/ while the chimney formerly stood in the 
middle of the house, built of stone, and occupying a space 
nearly fifteen feet square, back of the front entry. Near 
the top of this chimney, upon one of the stones in its face, 
was chiselled the year the house was built, 1708, one hun- 
dred and sixty-eight years ago, yet the house is strong, and 
in a remarkably good condition at the present time. All 
who were living when it was built hare passed away, and 
all their children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. 
The eighth and even ninth generation from the builder of 
that house are already upon the stage of being, yet so 
strongly was it built, of such strength of materials, such 
huge timbers were put into it, and so honestly and skil- 
fully was the work done, that few houses built at the present 
day could so successfully withstand a severe gale. Indeed, 
standing, as it does, on the northwest side of a high hill, it. 

Alt OLD HOU8S. 41 

bat probably withstood more galea and severer ones, than 
any other honae now standing in this State. 

"The ' summer piece/ as it used to be called, which runs 
across the ceiling in the middle of each of the front rooms, 
is a stick of white oak timber of about twelve by fourteen 
inches dimensions. 

u From facts which appear to be unquestionable, this 
house is believed to have been built by Capt Joseph Mowry , 
the son of Nathaniel Mowry, an Englishman, one of the 
original settlers of Northern Rhode Island. 

" Captain Joseph was born about 1675 or 1676, just two 
hundred yean ago. His mother was Johannah Inman, 
daughter of Edward Inman, who was also one of the orig- 
inal settlers. 

u He was married June 8, 1695, to Alice Whipple. His 
three sons, Daniel (afterwards called ' Captain Daniel '), 
Joseph, and .Oliver, were born prior to the building of this 
house. The first birth in the new house was his daughter 
Alice, Jan. 6, 1712. His sebond daughter, Waite, was 
born here June 6, 1716. Waite married Israel Arnold. 

"Before the death of Captain Joseph, he deeded the 
home estate, including the house and one third of the farm, 
to his eldest son, Captain Daniel. The entire life of Cap- 
tain Daniel, more than ninety years, was passed here, and 
from this house he was carried to his grave the last of May, 

" After him the old house passed into the hands of his 
third son, * Judge Daniel*' His oldest son, Joseph, an emi- 
nent lawyer of that day, built a house upon the western 
part of the farm, on the very spot where Mr. Emor Mowry 
now livos, and anothor son, ' Colonel Elisha,' built a house 
upon the eastorn portion of the farm, now the house in 
which Mr. John A. Mowry lives. 

44 The writer of this article is a lineal descendant of 
* Lawyer Joseph/ of the fourth generation. 


" Some yean before the death of Judge Daniel, the home- 
stead passed into the hands of his son, ' Clark Daniel/ so 
called because he was Town * Clark 9 of Smithfield for 
thirty-fire years. 

" After the death of Clark Daniel, the place was owned 
by his son Gideon, and after his death in 1865, Thomas, 
brother to Gideon, took it He died in 1872. Sometime- 
previous to his death it passed oyer to his son Immer, 
who, a few years since, sold it to Mr. S. Keefe, its present 

44 Thus it will appear that for more than one hundred 
and sixty years this house was the home of one branch of 
the descendants of Nathaniel Mowry, during which time it 
never passed out of their possession. It was the home* 
through this long period of seven families in succession,, 
representing six generations. The first five generations, 
lived in it over one hundred and fifty years, or an average- 
of thirty years each. Throughout this entire period the 
family was one of the foremost of the town. The several, 
men occupying and owning the house were men of sterling 
integrity, of excellent ability, and were well" esteemed by 
their fellow-citizens. 

44 As a rule they were long-lived. Captain Joseph, the 
builder of the house, was the only exception. He probably 
died in middle life. Wolves were at that period common 
upon the hills of this old town, and a price was set upon 
their heads. Among the records of the town of Provi- 
dence (for Smithfield was then a part of Providence) may 
be found the following entry: * November 7, 1687. 
Nathaniel Mowry brought in a Wolfs head, killed by his- 
son Joseph. 9 This lad Joseph was then not more than 
twelve years of age ! Twenty-one years later he built the 
house in question. As there is no record of him after 
about 1720, it is probable that he died near that time, 
aged about forty-five. He was a vigorous man, earnest, 


active, and energetic. He was captain of the military of 
that vicinity. 

" Hia son, ' Captain Daniel/ was born in 1697, and died 
in 1787, aged ninety.. He, too, commanded the militia 
company, and was a highly esteemed citizen. 

" His son, * Judge Daniel, 1 was born in this house in 1729, 
and died in 1806, aged 77. He was a man of strong charac- 
ter, and filled many important town and State offices for 
fifty years, or daring nearly the whole period of his life 
after he reached manhood. He was for twenty years the 
accomplished clerk of the town, frequently represented the 
town in the General Assembly, was placed upon important 
committees during the Revolutionary War, and was for two 
terms a member of the Continental Congress. To this 
important office he declined a re-election* 

" His son, ( Clark Daniel, 9 was the fourth head of the 
house. He was born here in 1750, and here died in 1889, 
aged 89. He, too, was for more than half a century con- 
stantly identified with the public affairs of his town 
and State. For thirty-five years he was town clerk, and 
the records of Smithfield during this long period hare an 
elegant handwriting, and were kept with neatness, good 
order, and great accuracy. 

" * Clark Daniel ' was a young man when the Revolu- 
tionary War broke out, and he espoused the cause of the 
colonies with all the seal of his father. It is said that he 
was an officer in the army, and at the close of the straggle 
refined to take the pension to which he was legally entitled. 
A gentleman now living, . at a very advanced ago, remem- 
bers when his friends urged him to receive it, but to no 
purpose. This gentleman says the pension and back pay 
to which he was entitled, and which he refused, were more 
in amount than all the property he was worth. 

" His son Gideon was born in 1784, and died in 1866, 
aged 81. Like nearly all of this family, he was a good 


mathematician. A copy of Pike's Arithmetic, now in the 
possession of the writer, obtained through Mr. Rider, of 
this city, bears his signature, in an elegant, bold hand, 
dated Dec. 18, 1806, and the hook shows such evidence 
of careful use as to indicate an expert in the science of 

" Thomas, brother of Gideon, and the only exception to 
the ru^e of the son succeeding to the father's estate, was 
born hero in 1786, and died in 1872, in Providence, aged 
87 years. He was the father of Miss Martha H. Mo wry, 
M. D., of Providence, and was noted for his intellectual 
strength. His son Immer, also born in this house, is now 
living in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

" Where can another house be found, with such a history 
of one family connected with it ? 

" The house is one of the oldest now standing in the 
State. It is believed that there are but few, perhaps only 
two or three, as old, and none of them in so good a state 
of preservation as this. There is a tradition in the family 
that at tho time it was built, there was but one other dwell- 
ing-house as large as it was in the colony. 

" What stories could this old mansion tell, if it had a 
tongue ! What quantities of New England and West India 
rum were drunk at * the raising * of it ! What scenes of 
joy and of sorrow, births, marriages, and deaths, has it wit- 
nessed 1 Generation after generation of this noted family 
have been born, have lived and have died here 

" What changes in the country have taken place since it 
was built What growth, what inventions, what improve- 
ments during this one hundred and sixty-eight years. Our 
country then consisted of a few feoble colonies of Great 
Britain, with hore and there a little settlement along the 
coast scarcely reaching anywhere fifty miles inland. The 
entire interior was dense forest, tho hunting-grounds of the 
red man. The population of Rhode Island was literally but 


a few. hundred. Bat the little one has become a thousand, 
and the feeble one an armed band. 

"This family, the descendants of this Capt. Joseph 
Mowry , now number several thousands, and the country, for 
a century independent of the mother-land, now stretches 
away, not merely from the Lakes to the Gulf, but from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, and embraces under its starry flag 
a happy, thrifty, enterprising, and enlightened people, self* 
governing, and numbering more than forty millions. Let 
Americans render all honor and respect to the hardy 
pioneers who first settled these shores and subdued these 
wilds, thus laying the foundations of a great and glorious 

Here Captain Joseph lived and died, and was buried in 
the family burial-lot upon the farm, where many of his de- 
scendants from the several generations since his time now 
sleep. But little is known of his character more than a 
few meagre facts, which, however, are sufficient to show that 
he was a man of strong purpose, great determination, an 
inflexible will, and was honored and respected by his fei- 

A fao-eimile of his autograph, taken from a document 
dated 1720, is given below. 


Will op Capt. Josipn Mowby. 

" I, Joseph Mowry, of Smithfield, in the County of prov- 
idence, in the Colony of Bhodeisland and providence plan- 
tations in Now England, yeoman, Being Sick and weak in 
body, but perfect mind and memory, thanks be Given to 
God for the Same, and Calling to mind the mortality of 


my body and knowing it appointed for all men once to 
Die, Do make and ordain this my Last will and testament : 
that is to Say, princippally and first of all, I Give and Rec- 
ommend my Soul into the hands of almighty God that Gave 
it, and my body I Commit to the Earth to be Decently bur- 
ied according to the Descression of my Executor hereafter 
named : and as Touching all Such worldly Estate where- 
with it hath pleased God to Bless me in this Life : I Be- 
queath and Dispose of the Same in the following manner 
and form — 

"Imprimis — I give and Bequeath to my Two Sons, 
namely Daniel Mowry and Oliver Mowry : all my Lands 
Lying at a place Commonly Called passcogue within the 
Town Ship of Glocester in the County aforesaid to be 
Equally Divided between them. I also Give to them my 
above mentioned Two Sons my half purchass Right in Com- 
mon on the west side of the liue called the Seven mile line 
to be Equally Divided between them : it being part of the 
original Bight of Edward Inman. To have and to hold 
the above mentioned land and Commonage as is above Ex- 
pressed to them the said Daniel Mowry and Oliver Mowry 
and to their heirs and assigns forever. 

" 2d. I Give and Bequeath to my son Oliver Mowry 
and to his heirs and assigns forever : that parcel or Tract 
of land upland and meadow which I purchased of Samuel 
Stcere, lying in Smithfield abovesaid and lyeth at a place 
Called Ridge Hill 

" 3d. I give and bequeath to my son Joseph Mowry my 
homestead place or farm on which I now Dwell scituate 
lying and being within the Township of Smithfield afore- 
said with all the apurtenanccs thereunto belonging. Item. 
I give and bequeath to my Said Son Joseph Mowry my 
farm which lyeth adjoining to the now Dwelling place of 
John Sayles, in Smithfield aforesaid, it being the farm on 
which my Honored father Mr. Nathaniel Mowry Deceased 


last Dwelt, Sd farm Containing one-hundred and ten acres 
with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging. Item. I 
give and bequeath to my said son Joseph Mowry my tract 
of land lying at a place called Shoggonogue within the 
Town Ship of Glocester in the County above said with all 
the appurtenances thereunto belonging. Bern. I Give 
and Bequeath to my son Joseph Mowry my farm lying in 
the Township of Wood Stock ine the County of Worcester, 
in the province of the Massachusetts Bay, the which farm 
I purchased of Samuel Wilson ; with all the appurtenances 
thereunto belonging. Hem. I Give and bequeath to my 
son Joseph Mowry Two pieces of land which I purchased 
of francis whitmore, one piece of sd land lyeth in Gloces- 
ter aforesaid Containing Twenty-acres ; the other piece of 
said land lyeth in Killingsly in the County of Windham in 
the Colony of Connecticut containing ninety Eight acres ; 
with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging. 

" Htm, I give and bequeath to my son Joseph Mowry 
that Tract of land I purchased of Benjamin Jacobs : the 
which land lyeth in said KiOingly north parish in the Col- 
ony of Connecticut aforesaid. 

" Hen. I Give and bequeath to my son Joseph Mowry 
all my part of the original Right of Benjamin Smith De- 
ceased, which I purchased of Stephen Harding lying on the 
west side of the line Called the Seven mile line in the 
County of providence aforesaid. 

" Item. I Give and bequeath to my son Joseph mowry 
all my Bight in the Common or undivided land on the East 
Side of the Said Seven mile line in the county of provi- 
dence aforesaid 9 which I purchased of the said Stephen 
Harding. To have and to hold the above mentioned lands 
and commonage to him my Said Joseph Mowry and to his 
heirs and assigns forever. 

" 41y. I Give and bequeath to my Son Daniel Mowry 
the sumof one Thousand three hundred and Twenty Eight 


pounds Good and Lawfull bills of publick Credit old tenor 
to be paid to him out of my Estate by my Executor here* 
after named. 

" 51y. I give and bequeath to my Son Oliver Mowry the 
Sum of one Thousand four hundred and Eighty Six pounds 
in Good and Lawfull Bills of publick Credit old tenor to be 
paid to him out of my Estate by my Executor hereafter 

" Gly. I Give and bequeath to my Daughter Alee Mowry 
the Sum of one thousand and five hundred pound in Good 
and Lawfull Bills of publick Credit old tenor to be paid to 
her out of my Estate by my Executor hereafter named* 

" 7th. I give and Bequeath to my Daughter Wait 
Arnold the Sum of one thousand and five hundred pounds 
in good and lawfull bills of publick Credit old tenor to be 
paid to her out of my Estate by my Executor hereafter 

" 8th. I Give and Bequeath all my Silver money to my 
above named five. Children to be Equally Divided Between 
them and my will is that my son Daniel Mowry shall have 
the use of that piece of Bogg meadow lying on this East Side 
of the little River that Buns through my homestead farm and 
that lyeth above the dam so far up* as that wee Call the 
Island, and to have it the term of seven years : the Reason 
why my Son Daniel mowry and my Son Oliver mowry is not 
made Equall with their Sisters in the bills of publick credit 
before mentioned is because I have given them part before 
this bequest which makes them equal with their Sisters. 

" 91y. I Give and bequeath to my Son Joseph Mowry 
whom I Likewise Constitute make and ordain Sole Execu- 
tor of this my last will and testament, my Two negroes, 
and all my household Goods and moveables Ready money 
and all moneys Due to me (Except my Silver money as is 
above Expresst) and all other things to me belonging 
which 1 might Justly Claim in whose hands Custody or 

joura mowby. 49 

possession they be, he paying the Legacies as is above 
Expressed : and my will is that my Son Joseph Mowry 
shall Take the care of his mother, my loving wife Alee 
Mowry During her natural life providing all things neces- 
sary and Comfortable for her in her old age: if She 
please to abide with him, but should She See Cause to 
Remove from him then he my Executor Shall pay to her 
the Sum of three hundred pounds in Good and lawful 
Bills of publick Credit old tenor, and my will further is 
that my four Children, namely Daniel Mowry, Oliver 
Mowry, Alee Mowry, Wait Arnold Shall be helpful and 
assisting to their Brother my Executor in Geathering in 
the Debts and to bear Equal Charge with him in the Same 
and if it so hapen that there Should be any person or 
persons now Indebted to me by Bonds Bills or notes and 
prove not able to pay, then all and of my above named 
Children shall bear an Equall part of the Loss. And I Do 
hereby utterly Disallow, Revoke A Disonull all and Every 
other and former Testaments wills and Legacies, Bequests* 
and Executors by me in any ways before this time named, 
willed or bequeathed Ratifying and Conforming this and 
no other to be my last will and Testament In Witness 
whereof I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal this 
ninteenth Day of May in the ninteenth year of his majes- 
ties Reign George the Second King of Great Britain &c 

Annoque Domini 1746. — 


" Signed, Sealed, published, pronounced and Declared 
by the Said Joseph Mowry, as his Lost will and Testament, 
in the presence of us the Subscribers : 

William Basts. 
Ananias Mowby. 
Tnos. Sayles." 



" A True Inventory of all and Singular the goods and 
Chattels of Capt Joseph Mowry, Late of Smithfield, De- 
ceased, Aprized at said Smithfield, the 8th and 10th of 
November, 1704, by Thomas Steero and Daniel Smith, Esq., 
as Followeth: — 

&» t* d. qr. 

Imprimis— His Wearing Apparel 

Item in Cash 

Item — Note of Hand from Anthony Steere. . . . 

Item— A Note from William Serier for 

Item— A ditto from Eldad Hunter for 

Item — A ditto from Jos. fioudish for 

Item — A ditto from Adam Comstock for one 
pound fourteen Shilliugs Reed. 4-3± Remains 

Item— A Ditto From Dan'l Vanghn for. ..... . 

Item— A ditto from Obadiah Brown, Jr. for. . . 

Item — A ditto from Edward Hore for 

Item — A Ditto from Amos Stafford for 

Item— A Ditto from Sam'l Cook, Remains duo. 

Item— A ditto from Thus. Saylos for. ....... . 

Item— A ditto from John Melavory for t 

Item— A ditto from Tlios. Stone for 

Item— A ditto from Zeph. Mowry 

Item— A ditto from Bonj. Smith for. 

Item— A ditto from Ephraim Kittle 

Item— A ditto from Nath'l Andrews for 

Item — A ditto from Richard Smith for 

Item — A ditto from James Leonard for 

Item— A ditto from Peleg Dexter for 

Item — A ditto from Jonathan Paddelford for. . 

Item— A ditto from Jeffrey Whelock for 

Item— A ditto from Peleg Dexter 

Item — A ditto from John Manchester 

Item— A ditto from Elisha Hopkins 

Item — A ditto from Elijah Hawkins 

Item— A ditto from Richard Mathewson ...... 

Item— A ditto from ditto for 

Item— A ditto from John Manchester for 

Item— A ditto from Thos. Sayles for. . 

Item — A ditto from John Woodward for 








9 8 








10 .7 



























8' 8 





t. *. A. V. 












Item— To three Cows, all at 

Item— To one mare at. 

Item—To two Calves a.. , 

Item—To Five Swine a 

Item — To Indian Corn 

Item— To about two thousand Hhd. and Bar-I 

ril Staves. ! 2|H 

Item — To ten old barrils : 

Item— To pork and hogs fat. ' 1 

Item— To Sope and Tub 04s. 2d. — To meat 

barrils & other old Casks ; 

Item—To about ten Bushels of potatoes : 

Item— To about 180 lbs. Butter a 

Item— To a quantity of Cheese 

Item—To about 48wt Honey 

Item— To one feather bed and furniture. ... 

Item— To one ditto and ditto 

Item— To one bed Ticking and feather £8 <fc 

8 pillow eases 

Item— To one flock bod and furniture 

Item— To one ditto and ditto. 

Item— To plough Irons a 6s. To* old Iron a 

1081 : 

Item— To 12 Chairs a. 

Item— To two old Wheels 6s. To one pair 

Cotton Cords 5s. 

Item—To one wooling wheel 6s. lOd. and old 

Clock Real Is. 9d 

Item—To one small ovel table & 2 Square dittos} 1 
Item— To two white Chests A one chest of) 


Item — To one small Desk 

Item— To one Gun. To one Bullet mould k 

Shot ditto 

Item— To one pistol Barril and Brass Guard. . 
Item— To two powder horns Shott Bag some 

Shott and Lead 

Item — To Pewter of Sundry sorts all at 

Item—To Coffe pot funnel and Pepper Case alL 
Item— To Earthen Ware, Glass bottles, Drink- 
ing Glasses and Salt Cellar 

Item— To Tea kittle, Tea Cups, Ac 











0! 8 



0; 8 


0' 9 1 


























M. M. 4. qr. 

Item — To Tiro punch Bowls and Mustard 
Item — To one marking Iron, one Brass i 

Iron Candlestick 

Item— To one Saddle and Bridle at 

Item— To one pear of Saddle Bags S 

Item— To one Brass Skillet and ditto kattl 

Item— To one warming pan. 

Item— To four Iron pots, one Iron Kit 


Item— To gridiron, flesh fork k flesh hooks 

Item— To 1 pear Sheep Shears a Reapers Ci 

Item— To Beatlo and Wedges 

Item— To three sugars and Oimblet and C 

and Drawing Knife and adds and one 

Nippers all a 

Item— To a pear of old hand Irons, three 1 

mels and Craw hooks 1 

Item— To Tongs Shovel melting Ladle and 1 

ing Iron 1 

Item — To. one pear of pinchers and three 


Item — An Iron Barr 

Item — To one Brass Scimmer and firing j 

Item— To three old Scythes and Tackling. 

Item — To 4 old axes a 12s two old hoes a 4 

Item— To 8 pithing forks k 8 Bakes alL . .. 8 

Item— To old Casks Chests and other Lou 
Item— To one tobacco Case 101 to Sundry 

tensile For Drawing Teeth lis If all. . . 
Item — To 7 yds fustian a 18s and a remna 

Sattin 10s 8-} 1 

Item — To two meal bags and one Sheet.. . 3 

Item— To Woll 41 wt 6 

Item— To two Cheese fats 2 Mortars 2 dial 

ten trenches, all 

Item — To one pail 1 Scire k one Slate all. 1 

Item— To one Cora Basket and flax Seed S 1 

Item— To 6 Silver Spoons 2 

Item— To_l Sword. .. . .8 

Thomas Stbbb. 
Daxiel Smith." 


7. SARAH MOWRY, daughter of Nathaniel ; married 
Richard Phillips. 

Nothing is found concerning their family. 

8. MARY MOWBY, daughter of Nathaniel ; married 
John Arnold, and died Jan. 27, 1742, aged 67. 



. William, b. Oct 9, 1695 ; d. Aug. 2, 1766. 

John, b. May 29, 1697 ; d. 1727. 


Mercy, b. October, 1701 ; m. — - Lapham, and re- 
moved to Dartmouth. 

Daniel, d. July 80, 1778. 

Anthony, b. Jan. 12, 1704 ; m. Susanna Fisk, and re- 
moved to the State of New York. 

Seth, b. July 26, 1706 ; d. 1801. 


9. JOHANNAH MOWBY, daughter of Nathaniel; 
married Waltir R. Phnitrplacr. 


She was called " Hannah " in her father's wilL It ap- 
pears to have been the custom to call " Hannah " as a 
sort of abbreviation of " Johannah." The latter name is 
probably the same as is now spelled " Joanna." 

10. PATIENCE MOWBY, daughter of Nathaniel; 
married Josiph Smith. 

Nothing known of their family. 



11. 3IABCY MOWBY, daughter of Nathaniel ; mar- 
ried Edward Smith. 

Nothing farther known of them. 

12. EXPERIENCE MOWBY, daughter of Nathaniel ; 
married John Malavebt. 

Nothing further known of them. 



18. JOHN MO WHY, son of John and Elizabeth, bora 
about 1700 ; married Anna Appleby. 


26. John. 

14. MABY MOWBY, daughter of Henry, born Sept. 
28, 1702 ; married March 6, 1727, Jonathan Spkaqot. 



Bethiah, b. July 5, 1729. 
Mary, b. Sept, 18, 1788.. 
Abraham, b. Aug. 14, 1787. • 
Qlpha, b. April 28, 1789. 
Jonathan, b. Dec 25, 1742. 
Gideon, b. July 16, 1747. 

16. UBIAH MOWBY, ion of Henry, born Aug. 15, 
1706 ; married 1 Urania — — . 


27. Martha, b. April 1, 1726. 

28. Nathan, b. June 10, 1729. 

29. Stephen, b. Dee. 18, 1781. 
80. Philip, b. Fob. 17, 1788. 


81. Gideon, b. July 18, 1786. 

32. Wanton, born Aug. 7, 1739. 

88. Jonathan, b. March 10, 1741-2. 

84. Mary, b. Oct 80, 1746. 

85. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 80, 1748. 

Perhaps another one named Henry, and there must have 
been others, for it is well known that Jonathan was the 
seventh son. He had an extensive reputation as a doctor, 
especially for " King's Evil," or " Scrofula." 

Uriah's will was probated Feb. 7, 1792 ; Stephen and 
Jonathan were executors. 

Married 1 Nov. 28, 1778, Hannah Abnold, daughter of 
Job Whipple. She was the widow of William Arnold, 
having been hi$ fourth wife, and having been married 
three times before she married Uriah. Her second hus- 
band was — . Eddy. 

16. JONATHAN MO WRY, son of Henry, born June 
1, 1708 ; married March 18, 1786, Elizabeth Saylbs. 

86. Mary, d. Sept. 13, 1742. 

17. JEREMIAH MO WRY, son of Henry, born Sept 
7, 1711 (perhaps 1710) ; married Feb. 27, 1734-5, Alice 
Mowrt. Sho is spoken of in the will of hor son Nathan- 
iel as Alice Ballou. She married Peter Ballou. They had 
no children. 

87. Nathaniel, b. Aug. 3, 1737. 

18. SARAH MOWRY, daughter of Henry, born April 
6, 1717 ; married Feb. 27, 1734-6, John Wilkinson. 





19. ELISTA MO WRY, son of Henry, married Oct 2, 
1748, Patience Man. Lived on the homestead farm on 
Sayles's HUL Elisha died intestate. His son Israel, of 
Mendon, Mass., was administrator. 



Israel. 44. 

Waite (m« 68). 46. 

Uriah. 46. 

Esck, diod young. 47. 

Abiel, b. Sept. 8, 1756. 48. 






20. PHBBB MOWB7, daughter of Henry; married 
April 26, 1744, Elisha Abnold, son of William, who was 
the son of John and Mary Mowry Arnold. 


Bnfas, b. Feb. 5, 1746 ; d. July 17, 1818. 
Amoy, b. Monday, May 20, 1751. 
Exekiel, b. Oct 28, 1768 ; d. May 7, 1817. 
Aide, b. July 9, 1757. 
Mary, b. Jan. 1, 1768. 

21. DANIEL MOWBT, son of Captain Josoph (called 
u Captain Daniel" and " Daniel 1st"), born Sopfc 6, 
1697; married Mabt Steebb, daughter of Thomas and 
Oathoriue Steere ; died May 27 (28 f ), 1787, aged nearly 
90. Mary diod Jan. 2, 1776, in Iter seventy-fifth year. 


49. Joseph, b. Nor. 10, 1728. 

50. Thomas, b. May 27, 1726. 


51. Daniel, b. Aug. 17, 1729. 

52. Elisha, b. March 28, 1735. 
58. Mary, b. Sept, 7, 1787. 

54. Alice, b. Dee. 27, 1789 ; d. Dec. 4, 1742. 

Tlic record of this family I found in a very ohT Bible 
belonging to Dr. Samuel Mowry, of Providence. 

This Captain Daniel was a prominent man in his time. 
He was born in the Joseph house, and having lived in it 
his long life of ninety years, he died there, and was laid 
with his father in the family burial-ground. A fac-simile 
of his autograph is given below, taken from a very ancient- 
looking document, without date : — 

Two of his sous, " Judge Daniel " and " Colonel Elisha,^ 
took a prominent part in town and state affairs during the 
long period comprised in the French and Indian War, the 
Revolutionary War, and the intervening years. 

" Lawyer Joseph," his oldest son, was ono of the promi- 
nent men of his day, from about 1750 to the time of his. 
death, in 1764, aged 41. 

These three brothers passed their lives on tlW homestead,, 
with the exception of a few years that Judge Daniel lived 
away, in the latter part of his life. 

Judge Daniel lived in the Captain Joseph house. Col- 
onel Elisha built a house now standing, and lately the resi- 
dence of John A. Mowry, Esq., a little way east of the old 
house which Lawyer Joseph built upon the western part of 
the farm, at the place where Emor H. Mowry, Esq., now* 


Will of Capt. Daniel Mo war. 

M I, Daniel Mowry, of Smithfield, in the County of Prov- 
idence, In the State of Rhode Island, <fcc, yeoman, Being 
at this time in a Reasonable State of health and of a dis- 
posing mind and Memory, But being far advanced in 
years and often Calling unto mind the mortality of my 
Body, Do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testa* 
ment that is to say, I recommend my Soul into the hand 
of God that gave it, And my Body to the Earth, Ac. And 
as Touching Such Worldly Estate it hath pleased God to 
bless me with in this Life, I give Devise, and Dispose of 
the same in the Following manner. 

" Imprimis. I give aud Devise unto my Grandson Dan- 
iel Mowry the Remainder of my Homestead Whereon he 
and I now dwell which I have not already disposed of by 
deed to my Son Daniel ; and is bounded Northwardly on 
my said son Daniel's land on which he now dwells, and on 
my Grandson, Job Howry's Iand r Westerly on James Ap- 
pleby's land, Southerly on land owned by me and my Son 
Elisha ; Easterly on Land owned by the Widow Abigail 
Smith Together with all the appurtenances thereunto be- 
longing, to be and remain unto him my said Grandson and 
to his Heirs and Assigns forever. 

44 Item. —I give and devise unto my son Elisha Mowry 
all the land I own bounded on the southward of the Homo- 
stead aforesaid and westerly on land ownod by Job Al- 
drich and by my said son Elisha ; Southwardly on the 
river, and eastwardly on Daniel Smith's land, and on the 
highway. It being part of the same tract of land on which 
my said son Elisha now dwells and hath a deed or deeds 
of part thereof ; and the remainder with all the appurte- 
nances thereunto belonging to me I give unto him, his 
heirs and assigns forever. 

"Also I give unto my son Elisha a small piece of 


meadow on the west side of the river that runs out of my 
brother Joseph's meadow and adjoining to my other 
meadow there ; on the East side of said river called Water- 
man's meadow which I gave unto my my son Daniel and 
unto my aforesaid Grandson Daniel to be equally between 
them and remain to them their heirs and assigns forever ; 
also I give a small piece of upland adjoining unto the North- 
erly side of the last mentioned piece of meadow unto my 
said son Daniel to him his heirs and Assigns forover. 

" Item.-— I give unto my two sons Daniel and Eliaha a 
piece of Pino Land Situated in said Smithficld Northwardly 
from Nipsachuck soader swamp containing about twenty- 
eight acres and Three Lots lying on the Flatts above Way 
Boset Bridge at Providence together with all my right of 
undivided land to be equally divided between them, and 
remain to them, their heirs and Assigns forever. 

" Item* — 1 givo and devise unto my Daughter Mary 
Smith a tract of Land situate in Glocester in the County 
aforesaid it being the same tract of land oh whibli she my 
said daughtor and her husband Martin Smith now dwell, 
Containing by estimation, one hundred and sixty acres, 
together with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging 
(that belonged to me) to be and remain to her, and the 
lawful lawfull heirs born of her body forever. 

M Item. — I give my Plato unto my Three Children, Viz. 
— Daniel, Elisha, and Mary : also I give unto my said 
Daughter Mary one fourth part of the remainder of my 
Personal Estate after my just debts are paid and the re- 
mainder I give unto my Sd Two sons to be equally divided 
between them. 

" And I do horeby constitute and appoint my Sd two sons 
Daniel and Elisha Executors of this my said will, and I do 
hereby revoke and disanull all and every other former tes- 
taments, wills, legacies, bequeaths, and Executors by me in 
any ways beforo named willed and bequeathed ratifying 

x J03EPH MOWRY. 61 

and confirming this and no other to be my last will and 
testament — In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal, the first day of July, A. D. one thousand 
seven-hundred and eighty. 


u Signed sealed and delivered by the said Daniel Mowry 
to be his last will and and Testament in the presence of us. 

Outb Rogers. 
Rachel Stbbrx. 
James Rogers. 
Thomas Steers." 

" In Town Council, held in Smtthfield, in the County 'of 
Providence, Ac, by agreement, on the 2d day of July, A. 
D. 1787,— 

"The last will and Testament of Daniel Mowry of 
Smithlield in this county of Providence Esq Deceased, was 
on the bord before this Council by Danl Mowry and 
Mowry Jr Executors, who accepted of being Execu- 
tors as they were appointed, and desired that said will 
might be proved by this council and Olive Rogers and 
Rachel Steere two of the witnesses unto said will, on sol- 
emn engagement declared that they saw Daniel the Testa- 
tor sign and seal said will and did witness the same. 1 


■ 22. JOSEPH MOWRY, called " Candle Haired Jo- 
seph," son of Captain Joseph, born Feb. 26, 1698-9 ; mar 
ried Masqat Mowby, daughter of John and Margery 
(Whipple) Mowry, his second cousin. 


66. Alice, or Alse, b. Nor. 5, 1788. 
66. Josoph (called M Bachelor Joe ")» b. April 24, 


57. Jeremiah, b. March 24, 1742. 

58. John, b. Doe. 4, 1743. 

59. Ainey, b. Dec. 4, 17 16. 

60. Eleaier, b. Sept. 5, 1750. 

23. OLIVER MOWRT, son of Captain Joseph, born 
Sept. 26, 1699 (1700 ?) ; married Dec. 18, 1727, Dorcas 
Whipple. He died March 2, 1756. 


(U. Job. 

62. James. 

G8. Silence, m. — Cook. 

04. Abigail, m. - — Saunders. 

65. Anne, m. — Hidden. 

66. Marcy, I think, m. a Staples, and was mother of 

Nathan Staples. 


Will ok Olivkk Mo wry (son op Jomkimi). 

« I, Oliver Mowry of Smithfiold, in the Cotftity of Provi- 
dence in the Colony of Rhoad Islaud In New England 
being ailing of Bodely health but of parfect mind and 
memory Thanks be to god for the same, and calling to 
mind that it is appointed for all men to Die, Do mako 
and ordain this my Last will and Testament that is to Say 
princepcly and first of all I give and Recommend my Soul 
unto god that gave it and my body to the Earth to bo 
buried in a Decent manner at the Decration of my Execu- 
trix hereafter named; and as touching Such worley 
Estate wharwith it hath pleased god to Bless me with all I 
give and Bequeath and Dispose of in the following manner. 

" Imprimis. I give and bequeath to my Son Job mowry 
my homestid farm on which I dwell Containing by 
estimation one hundred and twenty acres. I also give to 
my Said Son Job mowry my pece of Medow Called Ridg 


Hill in said Smithfield to him and bis Heirs, Executors 
Administrators and Assigns forever. Hem. I give and 
bequeath to my Son James mowry all the Laud that my 
honored father gave me by his Last will and Testament to 
him and his Heirs Executors Administrators and assigns 
forever. Bern. I give and bequeath to my three Eldest 
Daughters namely Silons Cook and Abigail Sanders and 
Anne Hidden one hundred and fifty pounds apiece to be 
paid them in one years time after my Death by my Execu- 
trix hereafter named out of my estate in Bills of cradet old 
tenor. Ham. I give and bequeath to my youngest Daugh- 
ter Marcy mowry two hundred and fifty pounds in Bills 
as above said when she my said Daughter Marcy attains 
to the age of Eighteen years, to be paid her by ray Execu- 
trix out of my Estate aud my will further is that if my 
Son Job mowry dies before he attains to the age of twenty 
one years that then my son James Mowry Should have 
all the Land that I have given his brother Job Mowry on 
the same conditions only Excepting what his brother Jobc 
was to pay his brother James and thcu the Land that I 
have given my son James is to be Equally devided Be- 
tween all my children and if my two Sons attains to the 
ago of twenty one years then niy son Job shall pay his 
brother James mowry five hundred pounds in Bills as 
Above said and if my Daughter Marey mowry Dies before 
She attains to the age of Eighteen years then that part 
or portion that is givon her shall bo Equally Devided be- 
tween my surviveing Daughters, and in case my son James 
4ies before he attains the age of twenty one years then 
what I have given him Shall be Equally devided between 
-all my Children. Hem. I give and. bequeath to my Oranson 
that lives with me Called Nathan Stapels one hundred and 
ninety pounds of good Bills of publick Cradet and two 
good Sots of apparil when he attains to the age of twenty 
one years to be paid him by my Executrix out of my Es- 


tate. Hem. I give and bequeath to my Loving wife Dor- 
cas mowry Whome I make Sole Executrix of this my Last 
will and Testament three hundred pounds good bills of pub* 
lick Cradet old tenor, and the one half, of all my household 
goods f re and clear forever and She my Said wife to have 
the Improvement and profets of my homestid farm till 
my sou Job Mowry attains the ago of twenty one years and 
then to Jtcsign up the farm to my son Job mowry and my 
said wife to have her Choyse of the Best Boom in my now 
Dwelling house to Live in so long as She Remains my 
widow and in case she marries again then to Resign up all 
her privileges in the house aforesaid to my Son Job Mowry 
and ho to pay his mother for the privileges she had in the 
house one hundred pounds in bills as above said in one 
years time after She marries. Lastly. I give and Be- 
queath all the Rest of my estate that is not before men- 
tioned to be equally Devided between all my children Rat- 
ifying and confirming this to be my Last will and Testa*, 
ment, in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand 
and Seal the fift day of December in the twenty-ninth 
year of his majestes Raign George the Second King of 
great Britain and in the year of our Lord on thousand 
seven hundred and fifty five. 


" Signed, Sealed, published, pronounced and declared by 
the Said Oliver mowry to be his Last will and Testament 
in the presents of us the Subscribers. 

edwabd mitchell. 
William ford. 
Peter Aldrxch." 

24. ALICE MOWRY, daughter of Capt. Joseph, born 
Jan. 6, 1712. 
Did she many Jeremiah (17) ? 




26. WATTE MOWBY, daughter of Captain Joseph, 
born June 6, 1716 ; married Israel Arnold. They lived 
at Gloeester, afterwards Burrillville. 




(Hirer, d. Oct 9, 1770. 

Luoy, m. Samnel Oomstock. 

Martha, m. Esekiel Oomstock. 

Mary, m. * Peter Taft ; * Darius Daniels. 

Mercy, m. Aaron Taft 



26. JOHN MOWRT; son of John and Anna ; married 
Lois Potto, daughter of John and Elizabeth Potter. 


67. Anna, b. Not. 16, 1759. 

68. Earle, b. April 26. 1762. 

69. Ralph, b. May 28, 1766. 

70. Susanna, b. Dec. 4, 1768. 

71. Richard, b. June 12, 1771. 

72. John, b. May 26, 1778. 
78. George, b. Sept. 24, 1776. 

74. William, b. July 27, 1779. . 
76. James, b. July 26, 1782. 

27. MARTHA MOWRT, daughter of Uriah, born April 
1, 1726 ; married Pbsskrvrd Haobib. 

I hare no record of their children at hand. 

29. STEPHEN MOWRT, son of Uriah, born Dec 18, 
1781 ; married May 20, 1762, Axsr Cook. 


76. Huldah, b. Oct 16, 1762. 

77. Charlotte, b. Oct. 7, 1768. 


78. Aaron, b. March 8, 1765. 

79. Wauton, b. May 18, 1767. 

80. Mary, b. April 2, 1770. 

81. Uranah, b. Aug. 26,1772. 

82. Benedict, b. Sept. 28, 1777. 

88. Annua, b. April 7, 1779. 

84. Stepheu, b. Sept. 7, 1781. 

85. Charles, b. Deo. 7, 1788. 


80. PHILIP MOWBT, sou of Uriah, called " Potash 

Philip," born Feb. 17,1788 ; married Pains, daughter 

of Benjamin Paine. Philip ownod the farm lately known 
as the Sinithfield Town Farm. He moved to Cazenovia, 
N. T. 

81. GIDEON MOWBY, son of Uriah, born July 18, 
1786 ; married » : — . 


86. David. '" 
37. Jesse. 

SS. Smith. 

89. Gideon. 
00. Uriah. 

91. Thaukful. 

92. Dorcas, and tltreo others. 

Married' . 


96. Robert 

82. WANTON MOWBY, son of Uriah, born Aug. 7, 
1789 ; married Dinah, daughter of Benjamin Harris. 


97. Martha* 


98. Susanna- 

99. Olive. 

88. JONATHAN MOWSY, seventh eon of Uriah, coiled 
" Doctor Jonathan," born March 10,1741-2; died March 27, 
1814, aged 72. He married Dbbobah Wnco, daughter of 
Jabes aud Mary Wing, of Smithfiold, R. L She was born 
May 27, 1750 ; died July 18, 1825, aged 75. 


• 100. Rebecca, b. Feb. 9, 1770. 

101. Caleb, b. March 5, 1771. 

102. Anna, b. Feb. 4, 1778. 
108. Robert, b. Dec 2, 1774. 

104. Martha, b. June 7, 1777 ; d. Sept. 21, 1778. 

105. Abigail, b. March 80, 1780. 

106. Dorcas, b. May 6, 1782. 

107. Urania, b. June 21, 1785. 

108. Peleg, b. Feb. 2, 1788 ; not married. 

109. Deborah, b. Oct. 6, 1789. 

Dr. Jonathan was a noted man in his neighborhood. He 
used to speak in the Friends 9 meeting. His family of ten 
children nearly all lived to have large families of their own. 
His mothor Urania was a woman of remarkable rigor of 
mind. It is related of her that she spun and wove wed* 
ding suits for all her seven sons, and bed-ticking for all 
their beds. 

Jonathan was the seventh. He did not want to be mar- 
ried iu " homespun." Still, be did not wish to offend his 
mother. But he went to Providence and bought silk vd* 
vet for vest and breeches (designing to wear the homespun 
cool), and silk and worsted stockings, Of yellow and brown* 



These he brought home and pat them away. On the morn- 
ing of his weddiug-day, he put on his suit, the homespun 
coat, the velvet vest (or 'waistcoat) and breeches, and 
{he silk and worsted stockings, and came down to show 
them to his mother. His mother looked at him, surveying 
him from head to foot, and exclaimed, " Well, Jonathan, 
thy clothes look very grand, but thou art the same old stick 

His wife Deborah was a preacher in the Friends 9 So- 
ciety also. An account of her sickness and death has been 
preserved and is given below. 

" Some account of our valuable friend^ Deborah Mowry, 
who departed this life after a short but distressing illness, 
the 18M of 1th months 1825, in the seventy-sixth year of 
her age. 

u Seventh of the month, aht said to a friend who was with 
her, ' Things never looked so pleasant to me as they have 
for three weeks past, both outwardly and inwardly. For 
many years I have been endeavoring to obtain the crown, 
And I hope I have at length obtained it. 9 

44 Nmthy she thus expressed herself to one of her daugh- 
ters: 'The Lord has been good to me through all my 
days* He has preserved me through many trials, and I 
hope he will not forsake me in time of distress.' Then 
she offered the following supplication : * Lord, grant 
me patience and resignation, I pray thee. Not my will 
bat thine be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give mo this 
day my daily bread, and lead me not into temptation ; the 
light of thy countenance was never more precious than 
now on a sick bed. 9 Then she said, * I think I never was 
mpre favored than I have been of late ; I don't remembor 
to have had a more favored meeting than the last I at- 


tended/ One of her neighbors coming in to assist in wait- 
ing on her through the night, she affectionately embraced 
her, then supplicated thus: 'There was silence in 
heaven for the space of half an hour ; the vocal tribute of 
" Holy, holy, holy ! Lord God Almighty ; just and true are 
all thy ways, thou King of Saints," was suspended. Men 
and angels flew before thee. Oh, thy goodness ! thy good* 
ness! Did the world know thy goodness, there would 
thousands of thousands flow unto thee. Then righteous- 
ness would cover the earth as waters do the sea ! 9 

" Seventh day morning) on taking leave of her, she said, 
' ! how I love thee.' Her physician coming in, she 
asked him if he had done all he could for her. Ho replied 
that he had. * I believe thou hast, and I am satisfied/ 
Then she bid him farewell, .saying, * I think I shall never 
see thy face more in this world, but hope we shall moot in 
a better. I want thou should seek the " one thing need* 
ful," as Mary did ; that is, to choose the better part. It is 
a pearl of great price, worth more than tea- thousand 
worlds besides.' In the afternoon she spoke to her beloved 
son ; laying her hand upon his head, she said, ' 1 am about 
to leave thee ; and I love thee, my son. Thou hast been 
good to me ; we have lived happily together, and if thou 
dost follow on as thou hast begun, the Lord will bless thee 
forever. Since I have been a widow, I have been a widow 
indeed ; and if thou hast anything to accuse me of, please 
to express it' He replied, * Not anything. 9 In the evening* 
to a friend that called to see her, she said, ' This day ha* 
been the most trying one of my life, and if it had pleased 
the Lord for it to have been my last, it would have been 
my happiest/ 

" ElevenUiy speaking to her children, she said, * I hope my 
death will be the cause of sanctifying and keeping you upon 
he sure rock of your soul's salvation.' Then turning to 
others in the room, she said, * I hope it will be to you 


all, — give not sleep to jour eyes nor slumber to your eye* 
lids, until yon know of being sanctified. 9 Soon after sho 
said, ( My distress is great ; yes, very great. Why am I 
coutinued here ? 9 One of her daughters replied, ' Perhaps 
it is for our refinement. 9 She answered, ' May you be 
purified ; may you be like gold seven times purified : the 
pure gold that will bear hammering, how little there is 
of it.' x 

u Twelfth^ her bodily distress continued great, but her in- 
tellect clear. To a friend who came to see her she said, 
< i am almost worn out ; dost thou think I shall continue 
through the day ? ' Another friend who came to speud 
the day, said, ( It is encouraging to bo with thco, to witness 
thy great patience and entire resignation. 9 She replied, 
4 Am I patient ? Do I bear my sufferings with patienco ? 
I was afraid I did not. 9 The friend said, ' Thou dost, and 
I am comforted in believing thou hast borno an honest, 
faithful testimony to the truth. 9 She replied, ' I have en- 
deavored through strength to fill up my small measure. 9 
Soon after she requested the same friend to read to her 
the account, in Job Scott's Journal, of his last sickness, 
sufferings, and death ; which being done, appeared to be & 
comfort in her mind. Then, on taking a little cold water, 
she said, • How I long to be drinking at the pure fountain 
of living water.' To the same friend, when taking leave 
of her, she observed, after embracing her, * Thy company 
has been pleasant ; it has tended to mitigate my pain. 9 One 
of her granddaughtors coming iu, she took hor by tho hand 
and said, ( Precious blossom, bow many precious blossoms 
I have to leave behind me ! May the Lord bless them. 9 
Thon sho said, ' Oh, heavenly father, be pleased to bring , 
the dear little creatures to an acquaintance with thee. 9 

u hi the evening she said to a neighbor who came to 
see her, * I have no wish to live ; no, not if I could be re- 
stored to perfect health. 9 A friend present asked her if 


she wished her to stay through the night She said, ' Yes, 
thou must ' ; then embraced her affectionately. The friend 
observed, ' It is pleasant to find thou lovest me still.' She 
. replied, ' I love everybody ; my lore extends to the ends 
of the earth. 9 During the night she suffered much ; her 
strength appeared nearly exhausted, and her mind at times 
a little wandering. Her desire to depart seemed to in* 
crease. A friend observed to her that she hoped she would 
be enabled to wait with patience the Lord's time. * It seems 
pleasant, very pleasant, to look forward. 9 

" Thirteenth, her distress continued ; life seemed nearly 
spent. She uttered some expressions which could not be 
distinctly understood, although she appeared to be sensible 
and resigned, and continued in frequent supplication. 

" Near her close a friend said to her, ' Thou hast been 
preserved through great patience to-day. 9 She replied, 
'Yes, 9 and again expressed a wish to wait the Lord's time. 
About half-past one o'clock she quietly departed this life 
without sigh or groan, and we are comforted in the belief, 
having no doubt that her close was peaceful, and her spirit 
gathered to enjoy that rest prepared for the children of 

" On the 16th her remains were interred in the Friends 9 
burial-ground at Smithfield, where a large and solemn 
meeting was held on the occasion." 

87. NATHANIEL MOWRY, son of Jeremiah, born 
Aug. 8, 1787 ; married Uranah Painb. He had no chil- 
dren. His will is very important, as giving much infor- 
mation in reference to the relationship of several families. 

Will of Nathaniel Mownr (son of Jsbemiah). 

" In thb Nakb of God, Amen, I, Nathaniel Mowry, of 
Smithfield, in the county of Providence, in the colony* of 


Rhodisland, k in New England. Gentleman : Being 
in Health and perfect Memory (Blessed be God therefor) 
Do this Twenty Seventh Day of May in the Thirteenth 
Year of the Reign of George the Third, King of Great 
Britain, Ac., and in the Year of Our LORD, One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Seventy three, make and publish 
this my last Will and Testament in manner following 
(that is to say,) 

" Impbius. I Commend my Soul into the Hands of Al- 
mighty God who Gave it Me ; and my Body to the Earth 
from whence it was taken, in Hopes of a Joyful Resurrec- 
tion Through the Merits of my Saviour Jesus Chbist. 

"And as for that Worldly Estate wherewith it hath 
pleased God to Bless me, I dispose thereof as foiloweth— 

" Pibst. I give to my Loving Wife Uranah Mowry, the 
Improvement, Profits and Income of all my Real and per- 
sonal Estate ; by Her freely to be possessed and Enjoyed 
during the full Term of Her Natural Life. 

" Item. I Give to my Cousins Jona. Mowry, Junr., Son 
of my Uncle Uriah Mowry, and Israel Mowry, Son of my 
Uncle Elisha Mowry, and Nathauiel Newman and Jeremy 
Newman, Sons of Thomas Newman, All that my Farm 
situate lying and being in Smithfield aforesaid, which my 
Honoured Father Jeremiah Mowry deceased purchased of 
Ephraim Whipple, with the Buildings thereon standing ; 
-and is Bounded Westerly with the High-Way, Northerly 
with Land belouging to Samuel Hill and Thomas Lapham, 
Esqr., Easterly with Pawtucket River, and Southerly with 
Land of Daniel Jenks, Esqr., to be equally divided between 
Them (due Regard being had in the Division thereof re- 
specting Quantity and Quality) to Thorn and to their sev- 
eral and respective Heirs and Assigns forover, and to enter 
into the possession thereof within One Year after the 
Death of my honoured Mother Alice Ballou, or after the 
Dqith of my above said Loving Wife, either of which that 


shall last happen. And further my Will is, and I hereby 
order and direct that, if either the above named Nathaniel 
Newman or Jeremiah Newman shall happen to Die before 
he shall arrive to the age of Twenty One Years that then 
and in Such Case the Surviving Brother have and enjoy the 
Share in the above Farm which would have belonged to 
the Deceased had he Survived, and to the Survivers Heirs 
and Assigns forever. And in Case the said Nathaniel New- 
man and Jeremiah Newman shall both Die before they ar- 
rive to tho ago of Twenty One Years, that then and in such 
Case I give tho Two Shares in the above described farm 
heroin before given unto them, unto Thomas Newman 
(Father of the said Nathaniel and Jeremiah) and to His 
Heirs and Assigns forever. 

" I Give to my good Friend and well beloved Cousin Eli- 
sha Mowry, Jun'r, of Smith field aforesd Son of my Uncle 
Daniel Mowry, AU my homestead farm situato in Smith* 
field aforesd. with the Buildings thereon, being and stand- 
ing; Rounded Westerly and 'Northwesterly with Lands of 
David Harris, Esqr., and David Jenks, Esqr. Easterly with 
the Highway, and Southerly with Lands of Capt. William 
Whipple, and the Heirs of Christopher Jenks Deceased, to 
him and to his Heirs and Assigns forever ; together with 
all my movable and personal Estate, and to enter into Pos- 
session of both Real and Personal Estate immediately 
after the Death of my aforenamed Loving Wife; and 
as a Condition that tho said Elisha Mowry hold and enjoy 
the aforegiveu Real and Personal Estate, ho is hereby 
Ordered and directed to pay out of the same the fol- 
lowing Legacies herein Given to sundry Persons : — 

44 Item. 1 Give to my honoured Mother Alice Ballou tho 
Sum of Thirty Pounds Lawful monoy to bo paid unto her 
by the said Elisha Mowry within One Year after the Death 
of my aforesaid Loving Wife. 

44 Item. I Give to my Three Cousins Stephen Mowry, 


Philip Mowry and Gideon Mowry, Sons of my Uncle Uriah 
Mowry Fifteen Pounds Lawful money JSach, to be paid 
to them severally and Respectively by the said Elisha 
Mowry Jun'r within One Year after the Death of my afore- 
said Loving Wife. 

"Item. I Give to my five Cousins, namely, Esek 
Mowry, Abiel Mowry, Henry Mowry, Uriah Mowry Jun'r 
and Jeremiah Mowry juu'r, Sons of my Uncle Elisha 
Mowry, Fifteen pounds Lawful money Each, to be paid 
unto them severally and Respectively by the aforenamed 
Elisha Mowry Jun'r within One Year after the Death of 
my aforesd Loving Wife. 

" Item. I give unto my Cousin Martha Harris, the now 
Wife of Preserved Harris of said Smithfield Thirty Pounds 
lawful money to be paid unto her by the said Elisha 
Mowry Jun'r within One Year after the Death of my said 
Loving Wife. 

" Itsx. I.Qive to my Brother in Law Thomas Newman 
Thirty Pounds lawful Money, to bo paid unto him by the 
said Elisha Mowry Jun'r within One Year after the Death 
of my aforesd Loving Wife. 

" Inac. I Give to my Cousin Mary Arnold, Daughter 
of my Uncle Israel Arnold Seven Pounds and Ten Sliil 
lings Lawful money, to be paid unto hor by the said 
Elisha Mowry Jun'r within One Year after the Death of 
my said Loving Wife. 

44 Item. I give to my Cousin Sarah Mowry, Daughter of 
my Uncle Elisha Mowry Seven Pounds and Ten Shillings 
Lawful money to be paid unto her by the said Elisha 
Mowry jun'r within Ono Year after Death of my said 
Loving Wife. 

44 Itjdc. I give to my Cousin Patience Mowry, Daugh- 
ter of my said Uncle Elisha Mowry Seven Pounds and 
Ten Shillings Lawful money, to be paid unto her by the 
said Elisha Mowry Jun'r within One Year after the Death 
of my said Loving Wife. 


" Item. I Give to my Three Cousins Benedict Arnold, 
William Arnold jun'r and Elisha Arnold Jun'r Sons of 
my Uuclo Israel Arnold Esq'r Fifteen Pounds Lawful 
money Each, to be paid unto them severally and Respec- 
tively by the said Elisha Mowry Jun'r within One Year 
after the Death of my said Loving Wife. 

" Item. I Give to my Two Cousins Bufus Arnold and 
Ezekiel Arnold, Sons of my Uncle Elisha Arnold Fifteen 
Pounds Lawful money Each, to be paid unto Them sev- 
erally and Respectively by the said Elisha Mowry jun'r 
within One Year after the Death of my said Loving Wife. 

" Item. I Give to my two Cousins Abraham Sprague 
and Gideon Spraguo, Sons of my Uncle Jonathan Sprague, 
Fifteen Pounds Lawful Money Each, to be paid unto them 
severally and Respectively by the said Elisha Mowry jun'r 
within One Year after the Death of my said Wife. 

" Item. I give to my two Cousins Bethiah Sprague and 
.Mary Sprague, Daughters of the said Jonathan Sprague, 
Seven Pounds and Ten Shillings Lawful Money Each, to 
to paid unto them severally and Respectively by the said 
Elisha Mowry jun'r within One Year after the Death of my 
said Loving Wife. 

" Item. I Give to my Apprentice Abial Baker, provided 
he shall live to the Ago of Twenty One Years and serve 
faithfully agreeable to his Indenture, the Sum of Thirty 
Pounds Lawful money to be paid unto him by the said 
Elisha Mowry jun'r within one year after the Death of my 
said Loving Wife, or when his Apprenticeship expires, 
should my said Wife be dead at that Period. 

44 Nevertheless If I the Testator should leave Issue of 
my Body born within Nine Months after my Deoease, of 
tho Body of my now Wife, or within such term of time as 
the Law shall limmit in such Cases, then Every Clause 
and Article of the afore written shall be void and of none 
Effect, anything contained to the Contrary notwithstanding. 


u And I Do hereby Constitute and Ordain my aforcsd 
Loring WifeUranah Mowry, and my trusty and well beloved 
Cousin Elisha Mowry jun'r aforenamed Joint Executors of 
this my last Will and Testament ; And do hereby utterly 
Disallow, Revoke and Disannul All other former Testa- 
ments, Wills, Bequests, and Executors, by me in any Ways 
before named Willed and Bequestod, Ratifying and Con- 
firming this and no other to be .my last Will and Testa, 

"I* Witness whereof I, the said Nathaniel Mowry, have 

hereunto Set my Eand and seal the Day and Year first 

before Written. 


44 Signed, Sealed* published and Declared by the said Na- 
thaniel Mowry as and for his last Will and Testament in 
the presence of Us, whose names are hereto subscribed ; 
who Set our hands as Witnesses thereto at his request and 
in his Presence* 

Jeremy Whipple* 

Edward Clarke. 

Otis Whipple. 

John Dexter." 

88. ISRAEL MOWRY, son of Elisha, born Jan. 1, 
1744 (1748, 0. S.) ; married l Susan Al&rich, daughter 
of Judge Caleb Aldrich. She was born Nov. 25, 1748. 
He died April 1, 1818, aged 69. She died April 80, 1790, 
aged 48. 


110. Ariel (or Azael), b. Jan. 8, 1769 ; <L Oct. 27, 


111. Elisha, b. Oct 2, 1770. 

112. Arnold, ) 

lit. CM^. }***»• 0* IT <«r *T), ITTi. 


114. Elsie (or Alcy), b. April 25, 1775. 

115. Mary, b. March 4, 1777 ; d. Oct., 1874, aged 97. 

116. Anna, b. Sept, 80, 1779. 

117. Caleb, ) . . ... . ft HmM 

* <■ a ^ i r twins, b - March 8, 1788. 

118. ^arah, j 

119. Waitee. 

120. Israel. 

121. Susanna, d. June 8, 17—. 

Married - Patibkcr Aldrich, daughter of Robert Al- 
drich. She was cousin to Susan. She died May, 1814. 


122. Amey. 
128. Robert 
124. Patience. 

40. URIAH MO WRY, son of Elisha; married Sept. 
7, 1788, Joanna Babtlett, daughter of Jeremiah Bartlett, 
of Cumberland. 


125. Cynthia, d. April 2, 1861. 180. Joanna. 

126. Sally. 181. George. 

127. Uriah. 182. Patience. 

128. Alzada. 188. Delpha, d. at 17. 

129. Rebecca. 184. Barton. 

42. ABIEL MOWRT, son of Elisha, b. Sept. 8, 1756 ; 
married March 80, 1788, Tabatha Wilbour, daughter of 
Daniel and Ruth Wilbour, near Centredale, R. I. 


135. Adah, b. Oct 80, 1788. 141. Susan, b. June 4, 1800. 

186. Patience, b. July 21,1790. 142. Liami,b.ApL18,1808. 

187. Dan, b. April 14, 1792. " 148. Ruth, b. Nor. 18, 1805. 

188. Abiel, b. Feb. 7, 1794. 144. Esek, b. Jan. 18, 1808. 

189. Tabatha, b. Aug. 2, 1797. 144£.Angeliue, b. May 18, 
140. Japhet,b.Jan.25,1799. 1818. 


Abiol d. May 26, 1880, aged 78. Tobatho d. Aug. 12, 
1859, aged 90. Japhet d. April 22, 1801. 

44. SARAH MOWRY, daughter of Elisha; married 
June 5; 1774, Benj. Slocux, Jr., son of Benj. Slocum. 
He moved to North Adams, Moss. 

46. ESEK MOWRY, son of Elisha. He was never 
married. He lived on Sayles's Hill, on the old place, with 
Jeremiah. Then Jerry took the place ; and after him 
his son Tyler. 

46. HENRY MOWRY, son of Elisha ; married Thank* 
ptjl Bowssr. She died Nov. 17, 1851, aged 88. He died 
Sept 15, 1847, aged 87. 


145. . Windsor, b. March 81, 1795 ; d. Jan. 14, 1861, 
aged 65. 

146. George. 

147. Henry, b. March 10, 1802. 

148. Joel. 

149. Fanny. 

150. Chloe. 

151. Amey. 

He moved to Mendon about 1802, and lived and died 

47. JEREMIAH MOWRY, son of Elisha; married 
Oct 29, 1790, Sabaa Coopib, daughter of Moses Al- 
drich, Jr. 


152. Tyler, b. Fob. 26, 1792. 



48. PATIENCE MO WRY, daughter of Elisha ; mar- 
ried Jabez Wing, Northbridge, Mass* 



49. JOSEPH MO WRY, son of Captain Daniel, born 
Not. 10, 1728; lawyer; married Feb. 12, 1748, Anne 
Whxppls. He died in the autumn of 1764, aged 41. 


158. Job, b. Jan. 24, 1744. 

164. Thomas, b. March 15, 1746. 

155. Richard, b. Feb. 11, 1748-9. 

156. Andrew, b. April 4, 1751. 

157. Ruth, b. Ang. 18, 1758. 

158. Anne, b. Deo. 14, 1755. 

159. Phebe, b. Nor. 14, 1758. 

160. Augustus, b. Aug. 9, 1761. 

Joseph was evidently a man of good abilities. From an 
old account-book in the possession of the writer, it appears 
that at the several terms of the courts from 1757 to 1764, 
he had many cases in court as attorney, and he was called 
upon to issue, or " put out," as he called it, a large num- 
ber of writs to be served for various causes. These writs 
numbered for the different terms of court from fourteen to 
fifty and sixty. In one instance a great many cases were 
prosecuted in the name of Cornelius Culnon. It would ap- 
pear that this Culnon was a sutler, or broker, or money* 
londor, or something of that sort, at the camp at Crown 
Point, about 1760, during the French and Indian War* 
There are accounts of various articles sold, and frequent 
orders for money to be deducted from the soldier's wages. 

One of these bills reads as follows : — - 


"Joseph Bennett to Cornelius Culxon, Dr. 

New York Currency. 

June 80. To 2 lb. Loaf Sugar 5 s. To 1 Loaf 

of Sugar weight 6 lb. 10 oz 1 1 3 

Jolj 5th, 6th, 10th. To 1 quart Bum 1 pint 

wine 1 pint ginn 1 quart Rum 14 6 

16th. To 1 Bullett pouch 1 quart wine 1 

JillofGinn , 12 

Sept 80. To 1 pint wine. October 4th To 1 

lb. chocolate £ 4 lb. Sugar 12 6 

Oct 7th. To To 1 quart wine 81b*. Sugar <fc 1 

lb. Coffee 12 

16th, 20th. To To 1 Dosen of Bed Her- 
ring and one pair of gloves. 10 

£4 2 8 
Error* Excepted." 

This account was sued in October, 1768. The following' 
is the writ in the case : — 

u Phovidencb, 88. George the Third, by the Grace of 
God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King,, 
Defender of the Faith <fcc. 

u To tho Sheriff of our County of Providence or to his 
Deputy, Greeting : — 

"We command you to arrest the body of Joseph Ben* 
nett of Situate, in the County of Providence, Labourer, 
(if he may be found within your Prcecinct) and for Want 
of his Body to attach his Goods and Chattels, and htm or 
them in safe Custody keep until he give sufficient Bond, 
returnable according to law, to answer tho complaint of 
Cornelius Culnon of Albany in the County of Atony, 


marchant, at the nest Inferior Court of Common Pleas, 

to be holden at Providence, within and for our said County 

of Providence, on the third Monday of December next 

ensuing the Date hereof, in an Action of the case for the 

recovery of four pounds two shillings and three pence 

New York Currency, money due by Book, 

as my Declaration to bo filed in Court will be 

fully set forth, the non payment whereof is to the Damage 

of the Plaintiff one hundred and seventy pounds current 

Money of New England. Hereof fail not, and make true 

return of this Writ, with your Doings thereon— Witness, 

Daniel Jcncks^Esq, at Providence this fourth Day of 

October in the third year of our Reign, Anno Domini 


On) Jackson, Clerk. 

This writ is indorsed on the back : — 

" ScrruATB, October yo 10th A D 1768. Thou I sarvod 

this writ upon the Body of Joseph Bennet, according to. 

Law, per mo 

John Blacxbcab, Dep. Sheriff." 

The following is a copy of one of these numerous orders 
from the soldiers in our army in favor of Cornelius Cul- 
non: — 

" Cbowk Point 11th Novr, 1760. 

" Gentin. Please to pay to Cornelius Culnon or order the 
sum of sixteen Shillings, New York Currency for value 
reed and Deduet the same out of the wages first due to mo 
as a soldier iu Majr Birkitt's Company & youl Oblige Ac 


u To either of the Hon'l Committee of war for the Colony 
of Rhode Island/ 9 


It would appear that most or all of these orders were 
*ued, and at one time there were nearly fifty of them sued 
by Lawyer Joseph as attorney for Culnon. 

Among the papers preserved in the family for nearly 
one hundred and twenty-five years, are several briefs and 
notes for pleading. One of these papers he has inscribed, 
" Minits in Judg Steere Case/ 9 which is given below, with 
the spelling and abbreviations retained : — 

"The Deft Defends and observes first he is sued in 
Ejectment therefore ye Pit was oblidgd to set up a Title 
and not only so bat must maintain and prove it or he can 
not oust ye Deft- if he had only a bare possession. 

" 1st, the Pit hath set up ye Bight of Gideon Harris and 
Declairs on a Deed from sd Harris to the pit to which we 
answer: that the fee of ye Lands in Dispute did not pass 
by sd Deed, for that said Harris had no Bight in ad Lauds 
nor Lawfnll Deed, That the deed»mado to him by Jodediah 
Harris and the pit could not pass tho feo it being made 
with pretence to convey Lands belonging to Wm Brooks, 
in order to Discharge sd brooks debts when the pit had 
xnouey in hand to Discharge sd Debts, if any Debts thero 
were which is not proved and with a pretence to Seport 
brookses widow, when other wise provided for. . 

" 2ndly, if any thing had passed by the Deed Doclared in 
it is not Good nor effectual against the Deft it not being 
Becorded in the Town where the Land Lyeth, which is Re- 
quired to prevent Clandstaine and unsarton Sails. Colony 
Law, page 60. 

" plead this to ye Cort or Jurey as you please. 

" 8dly, for that Wm. Broocks had no Title to the prem- 
isses at his Death the Same being part of one of the 18 
Lots Granted to the Purchasers of weftanaug on Good 
Consideration in the of and that the Same was sev- 


ered from the Common Long before the Survey Declaired 
on made to Mr. Broocks, and before the purchase of the 
pit write the Deft was possessed of the premisses in fee 
by purchase on Good Consideration. 

44 4thly. That if Mr. Brooks did Include the premisses 
iu his surrey Declared on, there is Sufficant number of 
acres there in Contained, that the Deft may hold his full 
Demand there in, and Mr. Brookses Bight, if he had any, 
its full number of acres and 40 acres more for any honest 
man that Can make out a right to it" 

Lawyer Joseph received from Stephen Hopkins, Gov- 
ernor, in 1761, a commission as captain of the Third Com- 
pany or Trained Band of the town of Smith field. After 
this he appears in all correspondence to have been ad- 
dressed by his title of Captain. 

A foe-simile of his autograph, given below, is taken from 
a receipt written Feb. 8, 1762. 

What was the cause of his death is not now known. 
But he was cut off in the prime of life, being but a little 
over forty years old. There are records of his business in 
June, and he probably died in September, 1764. He died 
intestate, and Anne, his widow, was offered the office of 
administratrix, but for some reason she refused it, and 
Daniel Mowry, his brother, was appointed administrator 
by the Council. 


At that time Richard, the third son, was but in his six- 
teenth year, and he chose his uncle Daniel to be his guar- 

Anne, the widow, afterwards married Jonathan Harris, 
son of Richard Harris. She was his second wife. Rich- 
ard Harris was born Nor. 14, 1668. He was the son of 
Thomas Harris, 2d, who was an original proprietor in Prov- 
idence and Pawtncket, and died Feb. 27, 1710. He was 
the son of Thomas Harris, 1st, who came to Providence 
with Roger Williams. He was town treasurer and sur- 
veyor, and died in 1986. 

50. THOMAS MO WRY, son of Captain Daniel, born 

May 27, 1726; married Whipple; died April 27, 


They had no children. 

51. DANIEL MOWRY, son of Captain Daniel, called 
« Jndge Daniel," born Aug. 17, 1729 ; married 1 Aug. 27, 
1749, Anne Phillips, daughter of Richard and Anne 
Phillips. He died July 6, 1806, aged 77. She died Sept. 
18, 1758, aged 80. 


161. Daniel, b. April 8, 1750. 

162. Amey, b. Sept. 1, 1751. 

168. Anne, b. June 21, 1758. 


Married ' Aug. 19, 1756, Amit Arnold, widow of 
Thomas Arnold. 


164. Maiy,h. Oct. 14,1756. 

165. Marcy, b. Aug. 28, 1758. 


Married * Catherine Steere, daughter of Anthony and! 
Rachel Steere. 
She died April 4, 1827, aged 75. 


166. Joseph, b. June 30, 1788. 

167. Rachel, b. Nov. 22, 1790. 

Judge Daniel Mowry was one of the foremost men of 
Northern Rhodo Island, during the important period that 
comprised the Revolutionary War and the years immedi- 
ately preceding. 

The following tribute to his memory was published in 
the Woonsocket Patriot of Jan. 81, 1868, and is in the 
main correct. 

Judge Daniel Mowry. 

" The town of Smithfield, Rhode Island, was once, and 
only once, represented in the Congress of the" United 
States. That Representative was Daniel Mowry, the son 
of Daniel Mowry, and grandson of Joseph Mowry. He was. 
born on the 28th of August, 1729. His father then lived 
on a farm now owned by Burrill Mowry, near the * Yellow 
Tavern'/ a few rods from the road leading from Woon- 
socket to Greenville. His childhood, youth, and manhood 
were passed upon the farm with his father. In those 
early days schools were few and far between, so that he 
was denied the advantages of a school education. He 
never attended school, in all, more than three montlis. 
He learned the trade of a cooper, and some of his work 
has been in the family of his daughter since her remem- 
brance. This daughter is the widow of the late .Maj. 
Morton Mowry, He early manifested a taste for reading, 
and soon acquired a better knowledge of books than. 


many possess who are favored with libraries. Not only 
did he read books, but what is more valuable to a public 
man, he learned to read that mysterious scroll called 
1 human nature. 9 Men of his stamp do not long keep 
hidden within the shadow of their own dwellings. The 
public soon found out his merits, and he was repeatedly 
called from the monotonous routine of a farmer's life to 
act in various public capacities. He was sent to the Gen* 
end Assembly for a number of years, both from Smith field, 
his native town, and also from the town of Glocester, where 
he resided six years of his life. He served as town clerk 
of his native town for a series of years, and any one who 
will take the trouble to examine the records in the town 
clerk's office in Smithfield will there find the books then 
kept by him written in a clear, full hand. 

" He was often called upon to act as counsellor or advo- 
cate for parties having cases before the courts. He was 
tall and slim in person, with blue eyes, remarkably sharp 
and piercing, and a light, clear complexion. He was a 
very fluent speaker, and it is said that when he became 
interested in a subject, his large full eyes would dilate still 
more, his tall form would sway to and fro, and in clear, 
pointed sentences he would utter his convictions. 

" He was one of the judges of the court at ouo time, and 
by the name of ' Judge Mowry ' he was known for years. 
He was in Congress one term, and might have gone longer, 
but would not accept a second nomination. He was pos- 
sessed of a large share of sound common-sense, — a qualifi- 
cation sadly lacking in some of the Congressmen of the 
present day, — which enabled him to see the difficulties 
under which he labored, in attempting to cope with other 
members, whose early education had not been so neglected 
as his own. His native pride caused him to dteline a re- 
election. He came back to his farm, and there passed the 
remainder of his days, honored and respected by all who 


knew him. He was three times married. His first 
was Anna Phillips, and by her ho had throe children, one 
son and two daughters. His second wife's maiden name 
was Arnold; two daughters came by her. Catherine 
Steere was his third wife, and two boys and one girl blessed 
their union. He died in the year 1806, July 6, after a short 
illness, at his home, where Mrs. Morton Mo wry now lives, 
about four miles from Woonsocket, and was buried beside 
his three wires, in the family lot, near his childhood's 

The foregoing needs amplification in some particulars. 
He represented his native town in the General Assembly 
most of the time from May, 1766, when he was first 
chosen, till he was elected Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in October, 1776. He was re-elected judge in 1777, 
1778, 1779, and in February, 1780. 

It was his good fortune to be a member of the General 
Assembly in May, 1776, when that body passed the famous 
" Independence Act," just two months before the " Decla- 
ration of Independence " by Congress. 

The previous Assembly had displaced the Tory governor, 
Joseph Wanton, and appointed that stanch patriot, Nicho- 
las Cooke, governor. May 4, 1776, the Assembly passed 
an Act repealing " The Act for the more effectually secur- 
ing to His Majesty the allegiance of His Subjects, in this 
his Colony and Dominion of Rhode Island and Providence 

Tiir Act of Mat 4, 1776.* 

" An Act repealing an Act, entitled, * An Act for the 
more effectually securing to his Majesty the Allegiance of 

• CokmfaU Record* Vol. VTL p, 3XL 


of his subjects, in this his Colony and Dominion of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantations,' and altering the forms 
of Commissions, of all Writs and Processes in the Courts, 
and of the Oaths prescribed by law. 

" Whereas in all States, existing by compact, Protection 
and Allegiance are reciprocal, the latter being only due in 
consequence of the former ; and whereas George the Third, 
King of Great Britain, forgetting his dignity, regardless 
of the compact most solemnly entered into, ratified and 
confirmed to the inhabitants of this Colony, by his illustri- 
ous Ancestors, and till of late fully recognised by Him, — 
and entirely departing from the duties and character of a 
good King, instead of protecting, is endeavoring to de- 
stroy the good people of this Colony, and of all the United 
Colonies, by sending fleets and armies to America, to con- 
fiscate our property, and spread fire, sword, and desolation 
throughout our country, in order to compel us to submit to 
the most debasing and detestable tyranny ; whereby we are 
obliged by necessity, and it becomes our highest duty, to 
use every means with which God and nature have fur- 
nished ns, in support of our invaluable rights and privi- 
leges, to oppose that Power which is exerted only for our 

M Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and 
by the Authority thereof it is enacted, that an Act entitled, 
' An Act for the more effectual securing to his Majesty the 
Allegiance of his subjects in this his Colony and dominion 
of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 9 be, and the 
same is hereby repealed. 

" And be it further enacted by this General Assembly, 
and by the authority thereof it is enacted, That in all Com- 
missions for Offices, Civil and Military, and in all Writs 
and Processes in law, whether original, judicial, or execu- 
tory, civil or criminal, wherever the name and authority of 
the said King is made use of, the same shall be omitted, 



and in the room thereof the name and authority of the 
Governor and Company of this Colony shall be substituted 
in the following words, to wit: 'The Governor and Com- 
pany of the English Colony of Rhode Island and Provi- 
dence Plantations.' That all such Commissions, Writs 
and Processes, shall be otherwise of the same form and 
tenure as they heretofore were ; that the Courts of Law be 
no longer entitled nor considered as the King's Courts ; 
and that no instrument in writing of any nature or kind, 
whether public or private, shall in the date thereof men- 
tion the year of said King's Reign ; Provided nevertheless, 
that nothing in this Act contained shall render void or 
vitiate any Commission, Writ, Process or Instrument here- 
tofore made or • executed, on account of the name and 
authority of the said King being therein inserted." 

Mr. Cowell, in his book* Spirit of '76 in Rhode Island, 


says: — 

" Fearless of all consequences, and long before the Dec- 
laration of Independence, the General Assembly took the 
bold stand of dissolving the allegiance due by his subjects 
in the colony Ho their king. This was a proud day for 
Rhode Island, and the passage of such an Act at such a cri- 
sis will ever redound to her glory, so long as the love of 
political liberty and equal rights shall predominate in the 
human breast To appreciate the boldness of this move- 
ment, we must consider that at this time three of the best 
regiments were absent from the State ; that there was a 
great scarcity of the munitions of war ; that the enemy had 
full command of the bay, and the shores to a great extent 
were accessible to his ships of war. In addition to which 
there were, as always will be on such occasions, * croakers, 9 
— a tribe always inimical to the p rogress of liberty or 
religion, and who preached up submission to the ' powers 


that be ' ; but in spite of all the surrounding difficulties, the 
heart of the people was to ' go forward ' as if they had heard 
the roice of the Almighty, as did the children of Israel at 
their passage through the Red Sea ; and they vent forward, 
and ruptured the strongest ties that can exist between a peo- 
ple and their rulers, and they did it because it was their 
right to do so, under the circumstances of the case." 

" Seldom, if ever, was a Legislature so unanimous and 
so fearless in carrying out the voice of the people. It 
was no trivial matter for the people of this colony to 
throw off their allegiance to their sovereign lord and 
king, and that, too, at a time when it was problemat- 
ical what course the Continental Congress would pur- 
sue in regard to Independence. But in the language 
of the preamble to the Act, the people knew that 
1 Protection and Allegiance were reciprocal,' and on this 
rock they stood ; and when the former was withdrawn, it 
was their right and duty ' to* use every means which God 
and nature had furnished them in support of their inalien- 
able rights. 9 Such was the language of the Representatives 
of the people of this State, in May, 1776 ! No doubt this 
act was ' treasonable and rebellious, 9 as treason and rebel- 
lion were then defined by British statutes ; but in point of 
fact, it was simply a declaration of what were some of the 
inalienable rights of man, and now in 'this ageof prog- 
ress 9 generally so acknowledged by all disbelievers in the 
4 divine right of kings. 9 " 

In May, 1780, he was elected, with James M. Yarnum, 
Exokiel Cornell, and John Collins, to represent this State 
in Congress. 

In May, 1781, he was re-elected, and this time the 
General Assembly passed the following vote: — * 

• B. L CoL BtmdSt DC p- 428, 


u Voted and Resolved, That the Hon. Daniel Mowry, 
Jr., and James M. Varnum, Esqs., be, and they are hereby 
requested to proceed to Philadelphia, and take their seats 
in Congress as soon as possible, to represent this State for 
the ensuing six months ; and that the Hon. William Ellery 
and Ezekiel Cornell, Esq., be, and they are hereby, re- 
quested to proceed to Congress at the expiration of that 
time, to relieve the first above-named gentlemen, and to 
represent this State for the remaining six months." 

Daniel Mowry was placed on many important commit- 
tees by the General Assembly during these troublous times. 
In 1774 he was appointed one of the census-takers, to 
" make an enumeration of the inhabitants of the Colony." 
He was also upon a similar commission in 1776. 

He was a member of a committee appointed in 1777 to 
number all persons capable of bearing arms. 

In 1776 he was on a legislative committee to superintend 
the erection of fortifications. He was, at the same time, 
intrusted with the duty of removing to the u Battery at 
Fox Point " certain ordnance. And in 1779 he was on a 
committee to estimate the taxable property of the State. 

He was town clerk for twenty years, and his son Daniel 
continued to serve in the same capacity for thirty-five 
years, thus father and son holding that peculiar and 
responsible office for fifty-five years ! Where can a paral- 
lel to this be found in any New England town ? 

A facsimile of his autograph, given below, is taken 
from a notice written May 26, 1769. 



52. ELISHA MO WRY, son of Captain Daniel, called 
« Colonel Miaha," born March. 25, 1735 ; married Jan. 28, 
1767-8, Pirera Guuxr. She was born Jan. 25, 1788. 
He died June 28, 1792, aged 57. She died Feb. 21, 1823, 
aged 86. 


168. William, b. Aug. 28, 1761. 

169. Marcy,b. July 29, 1763. ' 

170. Ahab, b. Sept. 9, 1766. 

171. Sylvester, b. Aug. 7, 1768. 

172. Phebe, b. Sept. 1, 1770; d. March 22, 1797, 

aged 26. 
178. Jeate, b. Jan. 5, 1773. 

174. Nathaniel, b. Dec. 18, 1774. 

175. Martha, b. Feb. 6, 1777. 

176. Mary, b. Feb. 7, 1779. 

177. Aloe, b. Nor. 1, 1781. 

tfie record of this family and some portions of their 
descendants was copied from an old family Bible belonging 

to John A. Mo wry, son of Sylvester. 


CoL Elisha Mowry was known as " Elisha, Jr.," since 
his father's cousin Elisha, the son of Henry, was about 
fifteen years his senior. Colonel Elisha was one of the 
leading men of his day. In 1759 he built the house lately 
occupied by John A. Mowry, Esq., in Smithfield. He 
was at that time a young man of twonty-four. It was one 
of the largest and most substantial houses in that part of 
the State. When he moved to the Limerock, to the place 
given him by his cousin Nathaniel, then this house was 
taken by his sons Sylvester and Jesse. Sylvester after- 


wards bought out Jesse's right, and lived and died there. 
Sylvester was married in 1793, and his death occurred 
there in 1881. John A., son of Sylvester, was married in 
1888, and lived in this house till his death in 1876. The 
house is an excellent one at this day, although it is nearly 
one hundred and twenty gears old, and during all this pe- 
riod it has been occupied by only three families, the father, 
son, and grandson, in lineal descent. 

During a long term of years, preceding and during the- 
Revolutionary War, Colonel Elisha was not only a farmer 
but a merchant, doing a large business in the West India 
trade. He had a store in Smithfield, and one at Ware- 
house Point .in Connecticut. Indeed, he was the pioneer 
in trade at that place, which was named from his a Ware 
House/' and has always retained the appellation. He 
would often send a load of molasses to Hartford or Ware- 
house Point, and bring back to Providence a cargo of shin- 
gles. When the war broke out in 1775, he was appointed 
lieutenant-colonel in the Army of Observation. He had 
warmly espoused the cause of the Colonies ; and when the 
Legislature had deposed the Tory governor, Joseph Wan- 
ton, and put in his place the Hon. Nicholas Cooke, and had 
ordered a regiment to be raised, armed, and equipped for 
three months, then the patriotic governor issued a new 
commission to him as lieutenant-coloneL 

These two commissions are now lying before the writer, 
and are of interest as showing the progress of events in a 
little more than a single year. The first was " By the 
Honorable the General Assembly of the English Colony 
of Rhode Island,' and Providence Plantations, in New Eng- 


land, in America," and was signed by " Henry Ward/ 9 the 
Secretary of said Colony. The second was " By the Hon- 
orable Nicholas Cooke y Esquire, Governor, Ac, of and over 
the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations/ 9 
and was signed by " Nicholas Cooke," the Governor, and 
" Henry Ward, Secretary." 

As these documents possess unusual interest, by showing 
the change which had come over the laws and customs and 
modes of thbught of our people at that transition period, 
they are given in foil below. 

It will be noticed that the purpose expressed by the first, 
or colonial commission, is a to preserve the Interest of His 
Majesty and Sis good subjects in these Parts." In the 
second, or State commission, the object is " in order to 
preserve the Rights, Property and Lives of the good People 
of this and the other United States." This in fact well 
expresses the difference in the object of the government 
manifest between the " nineteenth of June, A. D. 1775," 
and the " fourteenth of September, 1776." 

" By the Honorable the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the 
j~""> English Colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence 
■ " > Plantations, in New-England, in America. 

" To EKsha Mowreyjun. Esq. Greeting. 

"You, EKsha Mowrey jun. being, by the General 
Assembly aforesaid, appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the 
second Regiment of Militia in the Connty of Providence 
in the Colony aforesaid, are hereby, in the Name of His 
Majesty GEORGE the Third, by the Grace of God, King 
of Great-Britain and so forth, authorized, empowered, and 
commissioned to exercise the office of LievtenantrColonel, 


of and over the Regiment aforesaid; and to command, 
guide and conduct the same, or any Part thereof. And in 
Case of an Invasion, or Assault of a common Enemy, to 
infest or disturb this His Majesty's Plantation, you are to 
alarm and gather together the Regiment under your Com- 
mand, or such Part thereof as you shall deem sufficient, 
and therewith, to the utmost of your Skill and Ability, 
you are to resist, expel, kill, and destroy them, in order to 
preserve the Interest of His Majesty and His good Subjects 
in these Parts. You are also to follow such Instructions, 
Directions and Orders, as shall, from Time to Time, be 
further given forth, either by the General Assembly, the 
Governor and General Council, or other your superior 
Officers. And for your so doing, this Commission shall be 
your sufficient Warrant and Discharge. 

"By Virtue of An Act of the said General 
Assembly, I, Henry Ward, Esq. Secretary of the 
said Colony, have hereunto set my Hand, and the 
Public Seal of the said Colony, this Nineteenth 
Day of June y A. D. 1775, and in the Fifteenth 
year of His said Majesty's Reign. 

Henry Ward:' 

This was given June 19, 1775, under authority of an Act 
passed the third day of May, which provided that the Com- 
mittee of Safety, or any four of them, u be, and they are 
hereby, appointed and fully empowered, during the recess 
of the General Assembly, to fill up all vacancies that shall 
happen amongst the officers " for tho mid army, namely, 
the " Army of Observation." This commission, it will be 
observed, is signed only by Henry Ward, who was Secre- 
tary of the Colony. 

Governor Wanton having been forbidden to act as 
governor, it was further enacted,— 


u That Henry Ward Esquire, Secretary of the Colony 
be, and he is hereby directed, and fully authorized and 
'empowered, to sign the commissions for all officers, civil 
and military, chosen by this Assembly, as well those going 
in the service, aboyesaid, as others/ 9 * 

explains the anomaly of a military commission not 
signed by the governor. Fifteen months later, the second 
•commission was given to this patriotic lieutenant-colonel, 
signed by that stanch old hero, Governor Cooke. 

44 By the Honorable NICHOLAS COOKE, Esquire, Gov- 
__ anon, Captaik General, and Commanded in Chief, 

]la| of and over the State of Rhode Island and Provi- 
~~ dence Plantations. 

« To Blisha JUowry Esquire, Greeting. 

" Whereas the Committee appointed to act in the Recess 
of the General Assembly of the State aforesaid, at their 
Meeting in Newport on the Twelfth day of September, in 
the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Seven-Hundred and 
Seventy Six, ordered a Regiment to be raised from the Mi- 
litia of the said State, to continue in the Service thereof 
Three Months from the Time of Inlistment ; and you the 
aaid EHsha Mowry have been appointed Lieutenant Col- 
onel of and over the Regiment aforesaid , and to command, 
guide and conduct the same, or any Part thereof ; and in 
•case of an Invasion, or Assault of a common Enemy to 
infest or disturb this or any other of the United States of 
America, you are to alarm or gather together the Regi- 
ment under your Command, or any Part thereof, as you 
•hall deem sufficient, and therewith, to the utmost of your 
Skill and Ability, you are to resist, expel, kill and destroy 
them, in order to preserve the Rights, Property and Lives 
of the Good People of this and the other United States, 

• Colonial BoooctU, Vol. VII, p. 


" You are also to follow such further Instructions, Direc- 
tions, and Orders, as shall from Time to Time be further 
given forth, either by the General Assembly, the Governor 
and Goncral Council, or other your superior Officers. And 
for your so doing, this Commission shall be your sufficient 

" GIVEN under my Hand, and the seal of the 
said State, this Fourteenth Day of September in 
the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Seventy-six. 

Nick's Cooke. 
By His Honor's Command, 

Hehby Ward, Se^y." 

Colonel Elisha is said to have been a good specimen of 
the gentleman of the old school. He was dignified and 
decorous. He had a strong, firm mind, and was robust 
in body. He- had a pleasant word for everybody, but 
would never be imposed upon. 

It is related of him that at one time he was insulted by 
an intoxicated man, who also was a large, strong, athletic 
man ; but Colonel Elisha, having ordered him away, and 
he having refused to go, took him without further cere- 
mony by his coat-collar and the large part of his breeches 
and threw him into the road. 

Early in the Revolution he had occasion to march his 
regiment from Providence to Rhode Island, through Fall 
River and Tiverton. When in the latter town he passed 
the night at the farm of Col. William Cooke, three miles 
below Fall River. 

Colonel Cooke had a daughter, a little girl named Pa- 
tience, who observed very particularly Colonel Elisha with 
his stately bearing, his short breeches and knee-buckles, 


and ever after remembered that, since his men could not 
all deep in beds, he refused a bed, though urged upon Mm, 
and so slept upon the floor of her father's house. Little 
did she dream that in process of time she should marry 
the accomplished, tall, well-proportioned, and handsome 
son of the stately colonel. In 1798 she married his son Syl- 
vester, with whom she lived happily thirty-eight years, when 
he died. She outlived him fourteen years, and died aged 
seventy-eight, mourned by a large circle of descendants 
and friends. 

Colonel Elisha was cut off suddenly in the midst of a 
useful and successful life, a little more than fifty-seven 
years of age. He had been lifting a tierce of molasses, in 
Providence, and ruptured a blood-vessel, from the effects 
of which he died, June 28, 1792. Before his death, how- 
ever, he made his will, but when it was written out by the 
cleric, and the witnesses brought iir, he was too far gone to 
sign it, and so died, leaving the will, prepared in accord- 
ance with his express directions, unsigned. 

Now follows a very remarkable circumstance. All his 
heirs who were above age petitioned the probate court to 
have tho will proved, and it was proved, allowed, executors 
appointed, and the property divided in accordance with the 
provisions of the will. This is a remarkable case, perhaps 
without a parallel, and certainly very creditable to the 
character, of the heirs. 

A facsimile of his handwriting is here given. 



His will, and the proceedings connected therewith, are 
given below. 

Will op Col. Eusha Mowrt. 

"In the name of God, Amen! I, Elislia Mowry, of 
Smithfield, in the County of Providence, Esquire, being 
weak in body, but of sound disposing mind and memory, 
do make and publish this my last will and testament in 
manner following : — 

u First. I order all my just debts to be paid by my 
executors — 

" Secondly. I give and bequeath to my beloved wife 
Phebe in Lieu of her dower The rents and profits of my 
farm whereon she now lives during her life provided she 
remain my widow — But in case she shall again marry I 
give unto my said wife Five-hundred dollars to be paid her 
by my four youngest sons to wit — Ahab, Sylvester, Jesse, 
and Nathaniel — 

" I give and bequeath unto my son William Mo wry Ten 
pounds, lawfull money to be paid him by my executors— 

M I give and devise unto my sons Ahab Mowry and Syl- 
vester Howry Two-thousand dollars each in value of my 
real estate, and in case they cannot agree in the division 
thereof To be set off to them by three judicious men To 
have and to hold their respective shares to them, their 
several heirs and assigns forever. — 

"I give and devise to my sons Jesse Mowry and 
Nathaniel Mowry Eighteen Hundred Dollars in value of 
my real estate to be divided or set off to them as herein 
before directed respecting Ahab & Sylvester — to hold their 
respective shares to them their several heirs and assigns 
forever — 

" I give and bequeath to my Daughters Phebe, Martha, 
Mary, and Alice, one thousand dollars each to be paid them 
by my executors. 


u I give and bequeath to my daughter Marcv Randall 
Five Hundred-dollars to be paid her by my executors. 

44 The rest and residue of my estate real and personal I 
give and devise to my sons Ahab, Sylvester, Jesse and 
Nathaniel, to hold to them their respective heirs and as- 
signs share and share alike forever. 

" I constitute and appoint my sons Ahab Mowry and 
Sylvester Mowry joint executors of this my last will and 
testament, hereby revoking all former wills— 

" Witness my hand and Seal this Twenty eighth day of 
June, 1792. 

" Published and pronounced by the testator as his last 
will and testament in presence of us who in his presence 
and of each other have signed as witnesses — 

Colonel Elisha having died unable to sign the above will, 
yet it having been written in full accordance with his 
directions, his heirs presented the following document to 
the probate court, asking that the will be approved aa 
though it had been duly signed and witnessed. 

" Enow all men by these presents, That whereas it hath 
pleased the Lord in his Providence, .to remove by death 
our honoured Father Elisha Mowry on the 28th of ye 6th 
month called June last, after a short illness, during which 
it appears by the declaration of our uncle Daniel Mowry of 
Smithfield, Dock William Bowen, Pardon Bowen, and 
Daniel Cook all of Providence, where he sickened and 
died, that he appeared sensible and desirous of making his 
last will and testament and in their presence, dictated to 
the said Daniel Cook who was sent for as a scribe for that 
purpose, minutes and directions to write the same, and 
that it was accordingly written as on the above and pre- 


ceeding page appears. Bat before it was completed hia 
disorder had rendered him incapable of further executing 
the same. Wherefore that harmony, concord and mutual 
lore may be preserved in the family ; We Wm. Mowry, 
Ahab Mowry Sylvester Mowry, John Randall, and Mary 
his wife, and Phebe Mowry children and heirs of our said 
hond father Decad Do by these presents, for our sakes, our 
heirs, and assigns declare our free and full approbation of 
the said instrument as and for the last will and Testament 
of our said hond father decsd— and hereby severally 
covenant and engage to do everything necessary on our 
part to ratify and confirm the same in every part thereof, 
and hereby for ourselves and heirs and assigns release and 
forever quitclaim to each other all right title and interest 
which we or either of us have, might, or could by law have 
in any or all the estate both real or personal which our 
said hond Father died siezed of other than that part share 
or portion which is assigned us severally in and by the 
aforesaid Last will and testament of our honoured father 
Decsd and which is hereby agreed to be understood that 
the land given to Ahab and Sylvester in their father's life- 
time be apprised and charged them as part of their por- 
tion, and that in case the estate should by any means fall 
short of paying all the legacies mentioned in the said will 
that such deficiency be proportioned and deducted out of 
each ones share according to the sums given and mentioned 
in the said will, and that the executors therein named pay 
out the legacies accordingly and that for this purpose we 
hereby covenant to render them our assistance in the 
execution of such further instrument or instruments in 
writing as may be devised in order to vest them with 
powers Edequtte to the full execution of the said will in 
the best manner that may be devised and found necessary 
so that the estate may be preserved and justice done to 
the children under age as well as ourselves. And I Phebe 


Mowry hereby acknowledge my acceptance of the said last 
will and testament of my loving husband Elisha Mowry 
Decsd— and in consideration thereof which is to be under* 
stood and is now agreed to extend to a sufficiency of fire- 
wood for the family from the lott purchased of Isaeed 
Howry and also the priviledge from the estate wood for 
burning a kiln of lime annually, and also two feather beds, 
and furniture with other household goods for keeping 
house, in proportion, which beds and furniture (not worn 
out) to be returned after my decease— In consideration of 
all which and one cow I do by these presents, release, quit 
claim all my right of dower and Power of Thirds in the 
estate of my said Husband died siezed of except the part 
assigned me in the said will. 

u In witness whereof we hereunto set our hands and seals 
in Smith field the iifth day of the seventh month called 
July, in the year of our Lord 1792. 



Moses Bbown. 


[u ».| 

Daniel Cook. 


[r- a.] 


U~ ». J 


[L. 8.] 


lu ».] 


[u ».| 



[L. 3.] 


u SmTHFTiU), as. Personally appeared Wm Mowry v 
John £ Mary Randall Ahab Mowry, Sylvester Mowry 
Phebe Mowry & Phebe Mowry, and acknowledged the 
above and foregoing instrument to be their voluntary act 
and deed hand and seal before me the day above said. 

Before me, John Sayles, Jus. Peace. 

"At a Town Council held in Smithfield in the county of 
Providence &o, specially convened on ye 5th of July A. D. 


1792, The last will and testament of Elisha Mowry Esq of 
Smithfield in the county of Providence Decsd was laid on 
the bord by Ahab Mowry and Sylvester Mowry who was 
named executors in said will, who accepted of being exec* 
utors as they was appointed and desired said will might be 
proved by this council, and the following testimony was 
engaged to by the witnesses — Vis — 

u We the subscribers being duly engaged do testify and 
and say that we were present with CoL Elisha Mowry on the 
28th day of June 1792 that he the said Col. Mowry was 
desirous of making his last will and testament and in our 
presence gave directions therefor, and that a will was 
drawn agreeable to said directions bearing date the . said 
28th of June and which has this present day, being the 5th 
of July 1792 been exhibited to the town council of Smith* 
field* That the said Elisha Mowry at the time the will was 
compleated was unable to sign the same but at the time he 
gave the directions as aforesaid was of sound disposeing 
mind and memory, and in our judgment as capable of dis- 
posing of his estate as at any time. 

Danl. Mowby. 

Wm. Bowk*. 


Danl Cook. 

" Whereupon this Council having maturely heard and 
considered every circumstance relating the will aforesaid 
Do therefore hereby prove and Approve the aforesaid Will, 
to be a lawfull will and testament and the approbation of 
the heirs that are of age have signed and sealed the same 
by assent and agreement, approving and accepting the said 
will, all which is approved and ordered recorded. 

Witness, Danl Mowby ye 8 Coun Clk. 

"And is accordingly recorded by Danl Mowry ye 3d 
Coun Clk. 


"An Inventory of the Goods and Chattels of Elisha 
Mowry Late of Smithfield in the county of Providence <fcc. 
Esq. Deceased, who departed this life Jane ye 28th day A. D. 
1792. Taken by ns the subscribers the Sd & 4th days of 
July A. D. 1792. 

L 1. d. 

To Wearing Apparel 15 

To Cash £2, 10s Brass Pistols 12s 2 small Arms 

Ac 42 

To one Calfskin A remnant of Leather 14s, one 

Watch £4. 4a 4|18— 

To one case High Draws XI, 12, one Desk £2 14, 

one high case not finished £2. 14, one Chest 9s 

Small Table Ss one large Orel Ditto 18s all. . . 1010 — 
To one Square Table 14s one Table Ss one Chest 

9s one chest with drawers 9s one Kittchen Ta^ 

ble 6s one cloth Press 12s one Large Lookinej 

Glass £2, 8 One small Ditto Ss one other ditto 

6a all. 5il5 

To 14 Winsor Chairs and 8 Large Ditto £5, 2i 

Two great dittos 8s all ! 5101 

One Long Table 9s one old Do 4s Small Cha 1 19| 

To 34 Milk Trays 84s One Butter Do . 2s one 

Trough 2s all. 1101 

To one cheese Tub 6s one churn 8s 8 milk 

12s 2 Cheese Vatts 6a all 

To Two Cases and bottles 12s one Hatche! 

one fine ditto 8s one small Trunk 4s all. . 1 16| 

To two Bibles small 4s 10 Table Silver S 

£5, 8s, 7d Tea dittos 14s all 

One silver cup 6s Monev Scales 6s one Link 

Buttons Is all "IS 

To 821b Pewter a 18d j> lb— 181b old Ditto 

Queen Ware Plaits 9s all. 8 10 

To 2 Pewter Tea Potts 12s Tea Cups Sana 

10s Glass ware of Sundry Sorts 24s all... 2 

To 4 Delph Bowls 8s one earthen can Is on 

box 8s all 

To one pair Sllttiards 8s 2 old Saddles and 

bridles, old Saddle bags 40s 2 8| 6 

To 2 pair hand Irona 16s 8 Trammels 12s ! 

old Tongs 4 two old Shovels 10s all 1151 



To Grid Iron 8s Gridle Iron A Flesh Fork 4s one 

large Iron Spittle 12s all 1 

To 4 Small Iron Spittles 9a Bake Spittle Is 2 Spi- 
ders 3 " 

To Two Tea Kittles, 12s 2 Skillets 2s 8 Iron Potts 

8s 2 Piatt Irons 5s all 

To 5 candlesticks 8s 8 and Iron Spoon 6d 2 Iron 

Basins 2s all 

To Tin Ware 14s Powder Horns & Some Powder 


To one old Box Iron and one heater Is Case Knives 

and forks 8s all 

To one hammer & pincers 8s one cross cut saw 

and file 10s old Handsaw 16 all 

To one Feather bed & Furniture No 1. £12 one 

Ditto A Ditto No. £9 10s all 21 10 

To one Ditto and Do No 8 £8, one ditto & ditto 

No 4 £6 One Ditto and Ditto No 5 £4, 

To one Ditto & Do No 6 £4. 10s, one Do k Do 


1! 7 










No 7X8 il210 


To one Ditto k Do No 8 £9, one Flock Ditto k\ \ 

Do £2. 10.... ; JlllO 

To 8 New Ooverleds Toe 80s one old Ditto 2* I | 

8 Blankets 18s all 2 10, 

To 26 yds new Blanketing Cloth a 2s 6 p yd 3. 2; 6 

To 7 Flannel Sheets 46s 8 pr Cotton k Linnen j 

Dittos 40s all 4! 6 

To 2 pr. Linnen Sheets 80s one pr. old do 6s 7 Pil- j 

low Cases 10s 6 all 2 6 

To 6 Tablo cloths 18s 6 Towels 6s all 1! 4 1 — 

To one yoke Oxen £18, 10 y — 6 cows £4, 10 each I \ 

2 Steers year old £8, 2s all. ,4812. — 

To one horse £9, one old Do £8, 6 calves a 12s 

each— all |15 

To 2 Yearlings £2. 8—2 Cows Dry a £4. 4 eaeb-H 

13 Sheep k 4 lambs £8 16s 6 14 12 6 

To one Grindstone 12s 8 Scythes 6 Tackle 21s , 

Waggon Boxes 7s 6 all 2 —J 6 

To 8 old Ox Yoke ring 10s Staples 9s 8 Iron 

Shovels 12s all I 1 1 


* a. d. 
To two Iron Bars 18s S old Broad Hoes 3s 2 new! I | 

ditto 6s all i 1: 71 

To two Setts Horse Traces, Coller, and hains 18s 8l I I 

Draught Chains 21s '. 1 19- 

To Beatle Hings St 3 Wedges 6s one Dung Fork; ! i 

2s 6 4 augers Chisels ft Gong 8s alt 16; 6 

To Carpenter A Coopers Adz and 2 Drawiugi j 

Knives all 

To Smoothing Plain & Jointure Is Horse Harrow; 

8s 2 Plows 22s all : 111— 

To one old Cart and Wheels £2. 2 Linuen Wlieelsj : I 

24s one Clock Beel Is 6 all 

To one Bed Cord aod Cart Rope 6s on© V 

Wheel 9s 6 New Scythes 24s 

To 9 hay Bakes 8s 5 Hoy forks 2s each— al 
To about 220. lbs. Salt Pork & Hams a 4d ] 

To 8 New Empty Firkins a 2s. 

To about 12 lb Dry Fish 8s 3 pecks salt Is 
To about 64 bushell Indian Corn s 2s6 per b 

6 bushell Bice 8s 6 all 

To 2 half busliells, one peck, one half peck 

are sJL fc 

To old Ox Slead 6s one old cheese press 3s s 

old casks 60s all 

To 19 Lime Casks in the Barn a Is 8d ea.. 
To Sundry old Baskets 6s 8 Barretts Sope & 

a 12s pr BarrelL 

To one pair Brass Scales 4s oue Coffc Kill ■ 

small Mortar la 6 all 

To 10 Chestnat logs drawed to the house for 
To 46 lbs Sheeps wool a Is 4 To Drills Ha 

Ac for digging lime rock 20s. 

To one Loom Slay Quill Wheel Ac 60s abc 

old Iron 18s all. 

To about lc W Fopalonia Sugr 60s Small 

Kittle 86s all .■ 

To 8 Chamber Potts and 2 Stone Jars 4s 4 

and 4 Pigs ® 6s Swine a 2d J T lb 

To two cows one at Pawtncket, one at 9 

Gulleys farm a 18 Dollars Each 

To one brass Clock £12 6 Banister Backd ■ 

XI 10s 



To one Great Chair 6s 18 old Chain 18s one Vel 

Table Ids one Tea ditto 9s 

To 8 old Tables 8s one Desk 80s one Meal chest 

6s one ditto with drawers 10s 

To one old Chest 6s one Looking glass 15s 

To one Featherbed and Furniture in the N. West 

bedroom below a. 

To one Feather bed and Furniture Southeast Bed 

room below 

To one ditto and ditto in chamber £Z 

To one Case Draws 18s one Candle Stool 2s. . • , 
To one pr. Iron. Dogs 5s One pr. hand Irons 12s 

2 Trammels 10s 

To 2 old Fire Shovels 2 pr. old Tongs 4s Beatles 

and Wedges 5s one Iron Shovel Is 

To Two old hoes Is one old large brass kettle 18s 

one large iron ditto 8s all 

To 3 old Iron Potts 7s 6 2 old dish dittos 2s one 

bake ditto 8s all 

To one flat Bottomed ditto (?) 2s one Tea Kittle 

5s 1 Iron Bason Is 

To two Flat Irons 5s 2 Iron Skillets 2s 2 Broad 

axes one old 9s 

To one Post Axe Is one Carpenters Adz Is old 

Scythes Is 6 one handsaw 4s 

To a quantity old Iron 10s — old Jointer k Plain 

2s Old Horse Haims 10s. 

To old Augers Chisel Drawing Knives <fcc 

To 6 Cyder Barels 12s old casks 12s 5 bushells 

Rice 17s 6 all 

To old Diamond Window Glass 5s 2 old Woollen 

Wheels 2s all 

To somo poor Clapboards 5s about 45 lb Hogs 

Lard a Ud 

To 2 empty Firkins 8s Earthen Pot, Jug &c 8s. . . 

To 850 Wt Salt Pork a 4d 8 meat barrels 6s 

To one wash barrel Vinegar Barrel & Several 

Firkins all 

To Sope Trough 8s one Small Grindstone 2s Ham* 

mer and Pincers 2s all 

To one old Saddle and 2 old Bridles 6s 2 old poorj 

Linnen Wheels 6s all s 

£• s. d. 





1 — 

1 7 


1 7! 









— 7 

1! 71 









4. s. d. 

One old Clock Real 2s 2 old candle Sticks 9d 22 

Milk trays a Is other poor Do. 2s ' 1 6 9 

To one cheese Tub 6s one Cham 8s 5 milk pails 

5s all ; 14 

To Cream Bowl, Cheese Basket <fec Is Cheese 

Press 6s 1 pr. Large Stilliards 10s 1 pr. Small; 

Stilliards2s 19 

2 Cheese Vatta 2s 6 Case Knives and forks 2s 6. . 5 
To Sundry Poter Vessels Valued at 24s one Cop- 
per Tea kittle 4s all 1 8 

To3}Sheepswoolals4d — 10 lb Sic. a 4d old : 

Portmanteau 2s '10* 

To 8 lb Hatohelled flax a Is 5 Cotton Wool a 2s 6 ! , 

one old cart rope 2s • 17; 6 

To one Coarse Hatchell 2s Hogs Hams 70 wt @| ! 

4d 15 4 

To Sundry old Baskets 2s one Small Arm 24s one 

old ditto 8s all 114: 

To 1 pr. Cotton Cards 5s one Sickle Is 6 old cards) : 

2s 1 old warming pan 2s ! 8 6 

To one case part filled with bottles! and' other 

glass bot ! 9, 

To old Box Iron with one heater Is 6 Earthen j I 

ware 2s 6 one Knot Bowl Is all : 5 j 

To one Silrer Kilted Sword 60s one Hanger 6d . . 8 0! 6 
To Tea cups Saucers Cups potts Vials, Glosses <fcc i 

6s The book called English Liberty 5s 

To old Har Bakes and ritch Forks 6s old curry 

comb 8d part of a Seed plow 9s 

To old cart and Wheels Clevis k pin k 2 Rings k \ I 

Staples all 118! 

To two draught chains 12s 2 Swine a 2s ' 4: 4 ; 

To 4 Cows j 5 18 

To one Bull 54s one 8yr. old colt £9 one yearling \ 

Ditto X4 10 jlGi 4. 

To about 40 Cords of wood for burning Lime 6si 

pr Cd il2; 0, 


i } 


To 2 ol<L Sheep k one Lamb 18s one Inch and }j 

Auger 8s Iron Fetters Is 6 i 

To 2 Cows at George Bakers @ 14 Dollars ea. . . . | 8 

17i 6 



A. s. d. 

The whole amounting to £429| 19| 7 

To about TO Wt of Butter a 8d 46s 8d j 

To about 80 Wt Scum Cheese @ 2d 18s 6 1 8 


Stephen Whipple. 
Sylvanus Saylbb. 
Danl Mo why." 

The widow of Col. Elisha Mowry lived more than thirty 
jean after the death of her husband. She died Feb. 21, 
1828, aged 85 jean. The following notice of her death 
appeared in the Providence Journal, Monday morning. 
Feb. 24. 

"Died in Smithfield, on Friday evening laat, after a 
short illness, much and deservedly lamented, Mrs. Phebe 
Mowry, rolict of the late Col. Elisha Howry, in the eighty* 
sixth year of her age. She was a tender and exemplary 
wife and mother, a sincere and disinterested friend, a 
worthy and obliging neighbor. She enjoyed the affection, 
friendship, and respect of all with whom she was con* 
nected in the various relations in life ; and possessing a 
strong and vigorous mind, she displayed on the bed of 
death a resignation to the divine will that evinced her hope 
of a blessed immortality beyond the grave. 1 


66. ALICE (or ALSE) MOWBT, daughter of Joseph, 
born Nov. 5, 1788 ; married a man by the name of Smith. 
Nothing further is known of the family. 

67. JEREMLLH MOWBT, son of Joseph, born March 
24, 1742 ; married July 15, 1781, Euzabbto 



178. Bath, b. Feb. 18, 1782. 

179. Rachel 

180. Jeremiah, b. May 6, 1786. 

181. Morton. 

182. Joseph, b. May 26, 1796 ? 

Jeremiah Mowry was a sterling man, of much energy 

and thrift He lived a long life in his native town, and did 
much town business. 

His farm was an excellent one, a few miles south of 
Woonsocket His children all lived to rear families of thoir 
own, and some of them large families. His youngest son 
Joseph had the largest family, and outlived all the rest 

68. J01IN MOWRY, son of Joseph, born Dec. 4, 1743 ; 
teamed April 26, 1764, Waitr MowftY (89), daughter of 


188. Nathaniel, b. May 27, 1766. 

184. Ellakim, b. June 28, 1767. 

186. Joseph, b. Oct. 14, 1770. 
188. John, b. May 20, 1778. 

187. Jeremiah. 

188. Israel 

189. Welcome. 

190. Amaaa. 

69. AMEY MOWRY, daughter of Joseph, born Dec. 
4, 1746 ; married May 15, 1774, Pbtkb Aldrich, son of 


60. ELEAZEE MOWBY, son of Joseph, bom Sept. 5, 
1750 ; married Not. 27, 1773, Erotics Alducb, daughter 
of Reuben. 


191. Margery, b. Hay 8, 1774. 

192. Lydia, b. July 28, 1776. 
198. Eunice, b. April 11, 1778. 
194. Reuben, b. Mar 10, 1780. 
196. Rhoda, b. Feb. 24, 1788. 

196. Phila, b. Fob. 4, 1785 (living in 1874). 

197. Ruth, b. Nor. 28, 1786. 

198. Robe, b. Oct. 22, 1789 ; d. June 9, 1874. 

199. Eleazer, Jr., b. Sept. 7, 1791. 

200. Joseph, b. June 25, 1795. 

201. Ezekiel, b. March 4, 1798. 

202. Levi, b. Aug. 29, 1800. 

61. JOB MOWRY, son of Oliver, called « Flic-an-flaw 
Job." He lived on the hill west of the « Joseph Howry 


208. Joab. 

204. Ziba. 

205. Martha, m. Caleb Remington. 

206. Job, m. Anna, daughter of Job. 

207. George, d. aged 16. 



Tri following chapters will contain as full and reliable 
accounts as can be obtained of all the descendants of Rich 
«rd Mowry, as well the female branches as those of the 
/ST, -T9; RICHARD MOWRY, son of Lawyer Joseph, bom 
2 : 11, 1748-8 ; married » 5 : 6, 1770, Phur Smith, of 
Glocestor. She was bora 4 : 28, 1700. Sho died 5 : 2, 
1771, aged 21 years. No children. 

Married ' 1:5, 1774, Huldak Harris, daughter of 
Gideon Harris, of Scituate. She was born 5 : 25, 1745. 
She died 9 : 1, 1796, aged 50 years. 


218. Huldah, b. 12 : 80, 1775, in Scituate, B. I. 

214. Gideon, b. 7 : 7, 1778, in Uxbridge. 

215. Phebe, b. 8 : 6, 1780, in Uxbridge. 

. 216. Waito, b. 2 : 4, 1788, in Uxbridge. 

217. Amey, b. 2 : 2, 1785, in Uxbridge. 

218. Sarah, b. 8 : 14, 1788, in Uxbridge. 

Married * Isabel Chaos, 11 : 5, 1800. She was born 

9 : 19, 1760 ; died 10 : — , 1820, aged 60. No children. 

Richard Mowry died in Uxbridge, 1 : 28, 1885, aged 
nearly 86 years. 


It has already been shown that Richard's father, Lawyer 
Joseph, died when he was in his sixteenth year. Before 
his father's death, he went away from home to earn his 
living. We soon find him in Scituate, R. L, apprenticed 
to learn the carpenter's trade. In 1770 he married Phebe 
Smith, of Olocester. She died in a little less than a year 
after their marriage.. They had no children. In January, 
1774, he married Huldah Harris, daughter of Gideon 
Harris, of Scituate. 

Gideon Harris was born March 16, 1714. His wife's 
name was Demaris Westcott. He was son of Thomas 
Harris, 3d, born Aug. 19, 1666. Thomas married Philis 
Brown ; died Sept 1, 1741. 


Thomas was son of Thomas Harris, 2d, who was an 
original proprietor in Providence and Pawtucket ; he died 
Feb. 27, 1710. He and his father, Thomas Harris, 1st, 
have already been mentioned in connection with Jonathan 
Harris, who married the widow of Lawyer Joseph. 

The children of Gideon/Harris were, — 

Waity, not married. 
Tabatha, m. Andrew Angell. 
Huldah, m. Richard Mowry. 
Thomas, lived in New York State. 
* Asahel, m. Naomi Winsor. 
John, m. Nancy Arnold. 

Charles, m. 1 Mary Fenner ; afterwards m.* another 

Huldah was the mother of Richard's children. She 
died in 1795, aged 50 years. 

In 1800 Richard married for his third wife, Isabel 
CflACE, a woman of great worth, mentally and morally. 


They lived happily together for twenty-one years, when she 
died. The following letter from Jonathan Chace, of Val- 
ley Falls, gives the genealogy of the Chace family from 
Isabel back to the first Chace in this country. 

" Isabel Mowry, nee Chace, was my father's own aunt, 
sister of my grandfather Oliver Chace. She was the third 
of eleven children of Jonathan Chace and Mary Earle his 
wife. Jonathan and Mary married 5 : 18, 1754, in Swansea, 
Mass., and lived in Swansea. They had a daughter Eliz- 
abeth, and another daughter Isabel, which is the Spanish 
for the same name. Probably the old folks did not know 
they gave the same name to their two daughters. 

"This Jonathan was the son of Job, who married 
Patience Bourne, 9 mo. 16, 1718. Job and Patience also 
lived in Swansea. Job was the son of Joseph and Sarah 
Shearman, married in 1694. Joseph died in Swansea in 
1725, — a very good man, and prominent member of the 
Society of Friends. Joseph had a noble family of four- 
teen children ('Go thou and do likewise'). Joseph was 
the son of William, who was born in England about 1622, 
and came to this country when about eight years of age. 
Bis father was William and his mother Mary. 

"The first or oldest William emigrated, it is said, iu 
company with Got. *Wynthrop 9 in 1680, bringing his 
little son as above, about eight years old: He settled in 
Yarmouth, Mass., in 16S7 or 88, and died there in the 5th 
mo. 1659. His will is on record in the Old Colony Records 
at Plymouth, Mass., and bears date May 4, 1659. 

" So thou sees we are not May Flower folks, but go back 

far enough not to need naturalization papers. My father 

says, ' Aunt Isabel was a noble woman, both mentally and 

physically. 9 

Very respectfully thy friend, 


Vallit Falls, R. I., 1 mo. 6, 1877. 99 


About the year 1771 Richard Mowry began to attend 
Friends' meetings, and gradually became convinced of the 
truth of the great principles of the Christian religion a* 
held by that people, sometimes called Quakers, and he 
joined that society 8 : 25, 1778. From that time till his 
death he was a consistent aud greatly beloved member, 
and for nearly all those years an approved minister of that 

But very few papers written by his hand are now in 
existence ; but among those that still remain, and in the 
possession of the present writer, is a single sheet of four 
pages, closely written, which gives, in his own quaint lan- 
guage of the day, an account of those exercises of his 
mind which led him to join the Quakers. This paper is 
written in a clear, plain hand, and tlie punctuation and 
capital letters are in tho main preserved. It is transcribed 
as accurately as the decayed and colored condition of the 
paper will allow. 

"An account of sorao of the most remarkable occur- 
rences which havo happened in my experience ; which I 
write for my Children, for their encouragement to perse* 
vere in a Religious life ; Believing that it is all from, or in 
Divine Goodness of the Lord 

" My Father put me an apprentice to a man to Leru the 
House Carpenter's Trade, who was convinced of the blessed 
truth, but not keeping faithful he became a libertine and I 
was allowed to do what my nature listed. But the Lord in 
his boundless goodness was pleased to touch my under- 
standing with a sense of the necessity of living a Sober life ; 
and I became a steady attender of the Baptists Meetings 
for a Considerable time and delighted much in a young 
man's company, who was a baptist. He held forth that 


there was no harm to sing seval Songs, as he called 
them, <fcc. ; and after a little time I gave way to his opin- 
ion, which proved hurtful, or at lest relaxed my Concern. 
So I gradual lost my enjoyment of mind, and went into 
many hurtful practices ; hut between the twenty first and 
twenty second year of my age [1770 or 1771] it pleased 
the Lord to Visit me again for my misconduct. Then I 
went to several sorts of the Baptists meeting and at length 
went to a meeting that was set up by a people that had 
been amongst the baptists. Here I thought I should 
remain, beliering this people was Established in the Truth. 
Now this people immitated the people Call'd Quakers, but 
had no outward rales or Discipline. I followed their meet- 
ings for some time, beliering I was in the way of my duty, 
but in due time the Lord give me uneasiness of mind, as I 
took it, and my mind remained uneasy, but I followed 
their meetings, being. Loth to Leave them, not knowing 
where to go to meeting, for I was afraid of the Quakers, so 
called, having heard much of their ways, and as I thought, 
many of them was hot wright, because they were not 
agreeable to Scripture, as I then thought, (the Vale being 
over my eyes.) 

" Here I had much Reasoning, for I knew not what to 
do, for I went to the meetings last mentioned, as long as I 
could Consistant with the peace of my mind ; for Oh, the 
bitterness of my mind was beyond my conva-ance to you. 
Dear Children, till you come to Experience more of the 
dealings of the Lord. 

" I have mentioned these things desiring you may attend 
signally to that of God in your own soids, which is sulli- 
ciantly able and willing to direct you through thin world, 
without the help of man, and bring you at lost to his 
blessed Kingdom. 

" Now here I wandered in my mind without goiug any- 
where to meetings, because I knew not where to go ; and 


here I remained for some months ; sometimes in solitary 
places, on my knees, praying to the Lord to forgive me, 
and open a way for mo to go to meetings, for I delighted 
in attending Religious Meetings ; and at length it pleased 
him to hear the Cries of my poor soul, and forgave me, and 
my mind seemed to be Drawn to go to the meetings of 

" This brought a Strait over my mind, although I wa* 
convinced of the plain Scripture Language and other plain* 
noss ; yet I was afraid of being deceived, for I have already 
given an accouut how it had been with me heretofore. 
But my mind being drawn there, altho it was six miles to 
the nearest meeting, I gave up and went to the meeting 
and felt no Condemnation, so returned home without much 

" The next Meeting Day came. I did not feel easy with- 
out going. Now I requested of the Lord to Condescend 
to make it manifest to me, a poor unworthy Creature, 
wheatlier that was the right way for me to go or not. 

" I requested this Sign of the Lord, as I was Dressed in 
the fashions of the world, that after the meeting, that the 
solid part of Friends might take notice of me, that I might 
have an opportunity to Converse with them upon religious 
matters. So I went and sat down in a solid frame of mind, 
and when the Meeting broke up, I went out without mak- 
ing any stop, and some one friend came out and invited me 
back, and after some Conversation I wont home with good 
satisfaction of mind, feeling humble under a sense of the 
goodness of the Lord in Condescending to my request. 

" Now I believed that it was right for me to attend 
friends meeting, altho they were a considerable distance, 
the nearest about six miles, the next about 11 or 12 miles, 
and the other about 14 miles, which I attend for the most 
part But after this sign, like Gideon's fleece, was made 
manifest to me, the next meeting Day came, I went in the 


morning to catch my horse, which I kept a mile from 
the place where I boarded. He was young, aud for the 
most part bad to catch. When I came to the lot where I 
kept him, he had got put and gone. I looked for him till 
it was too late to go to the meeting. Then I thought there 
was nothing in what I had before experienced. This 
brought me in distress of mind again, believing that I was 
now deceived again. 

" But the Lord, who is never wanting on his part, where 
the mind is sincere, gave me another manifestation of his 
love ; for the night before the next meeting, which was 
seventh day night, about or a little before the day break, I 
dreamed that I saw my Horse standing in a particular 
piece of ground in the lot where the horse was turned, and 
this spot of ground was surrounded with Bushes, and my 
hone stood in the middle of it, with his tail towards me, 
and his head about upon a level. I thought that I went 
up to him and laid my hand upon his neck, without his 
stepping or moving out of his place ; whereas he had been 
bad to catch. Then I woke out of sleep. 

M As I awaked out of sleep, it sprang into my mind, if 
this should turn out so, according to my Dream, it would 
be a strength to my drooping soul. So I got up, and took 
my bridle and went to the place before it was light, and 
when I had come there, it was verified in every part So 
I put on the bridle, and rode home with Joy Of heart. So 
when the time came I went to the meeting with good satis- 
faction. So continuing stedf ast in the faith — " 

This is all that is preserved of this simple narrativo, but 
it is sufficient to show the tender conscience and the simple 
dosire to find and do the truth on the part of him who 
wrote it. Remembering the characteristics of the times 
and the style of religious thought in those days, this must 


at least bo pronounced a simple, ingenuous statement of a 
mind tender to the truth. 

These occurrences were soon after the death of his first 
wife, Phebe Smith, who died in the 5th month, 1771. 
They were married in the 5th mo. 1770, by a justice of the 
peace. He was received a member of the Society of 
Friends, by the Smithfield Monthly Meeting, 8d mo. 25, 
1778. His second marriage, which was 1st mo. 5, 1774, 
with Hnldah Harris, was solemnised after the manner of 
the Friends. 

The following is a copy, verbatim et literatim, of the 
marriage certificate : — 

" Whereas, Richard Mowry, son of Joseph Mowry, Late 
of Smithfield in the County of Providence and Colony of 
Rhode Island, Dcccas'd, and Huldah Harris, Daughter of 
-Gideon Harris of Scituato, in the County aforesaid, Ilav- 
ing Declared their intentions of taking each other in 
Marriage before Several Publick Meetings of the People 
Called Quakers in Smithfield aforesaid, and according to 
the good order used among them and Proceeding therein 
after Deliberate Consideration thereof (with regard unto 
the righteous Law of God in that case) They also .appear* 
ing clear of all others and Having Consent of Parents, 
were approved of by said Meetings. 

" Now these arc to certify all whom it may Concern : 
that for thp full accomplishing of their said Intentions, this 
fifth day of the first Month in the year according to the 
Christian account 1774, They the said Richard Mowry and 
Huldah Harris appeared in Publick Assembly of the afore- 
said Peoplo and others met in Glocester in said County 
(at the House of David Steere) Then and There in a 
Solemn manner He the said Richard Mowry taking the 
said Huldah Harris by the Hand did openly Declare as 


f ollowetlu Friends, I desire you to be my Witnesses that I 
take this my Friend Haldah Harris to be my wife, Promis- 
ing by the Lords Assistance to be unto her a true aud 
Loving Husband until it shall Please God by Death to 
Separate us. And then and there in the said Assembly 
the said Huldah Harris did in Like Manner Declare as 
follows ; Friends I desire you to be my Witnesses that I 
take this my Friend, Richard Mowry to be my Husband, 
Promising by the Lord's assistance to be unto him a true 
and Loring wife until it shall Please god by death to 
Seperate us— or words to that purpose. 

" And as a further Confirmation thereof the said Richard 
Mowry and Huldah Harris Did then and there to these 
Presents set their Hands, Site according to. the Custom of 
Marriage assuming the name of her Husband. 


"And we whose names are hereunto subscribed being 
Present among otltcrs at the solemnizing of their said 
Marriage and subscription in Manner as aforesaid as Wit- 
nesses hereunto hare also to these Presents subscribed our 
names the day and year above written. 

Tbasxtol Walks*. XoahAlbbich. Gidko* Habkis. 

Clotilda. Bows*. Samubl Howlasd. Thoma* Rabbis. 

RnoDA Mowsr. X osss Fabsum. As aiibx. IIabbih. 

Xbxbtabbl W alms. William Babbbt. Thomas Mownr. 

Asha Bows*. David Stubs. Thomas Smith. 

Both Owss. Waltsb Wajjcbk. Thomas Owb*. 

Haoiisl Stssbz. Bsvj. Phsttsflacs. Eliuv Bowsn. 

Pusbb Wkstoot. Joiur Waucbb, Jr. Kimikaim Cosodo*. 

Jsaos Cos. John Walxsb. 

Rubbh Mams. Jotsra Mosiikb." 

Jambs Whsatos. 

Tliey lired happily together for more than twenty-one 
years, bringing up a family of six children, one son and 


five daughters, in the fear and admonition of the Lord. 
She died the 1st of the 9th month, 1795, her oldest child 
being nearly twenty, and her youngest seven years old. 

.There is in the handwriting of her husband a memo* 
randum of hor last sickness and death. This memorandum 
records many expressions of hers during her last days, 
" which [as the memorandum reads] I think worthy to bo 
preserved for the benefit of her children, for whom she 
appeared greatly concerned. Atone time she said, 4 Mourn 
not for me when I am gone, but keep in the line of truth. 9 
At another time, speaking to several of us, she desired 
that wc might be kind to the youngest child, and said, * I 
beseech you take good care of her when I am gono ' ; and 
at another time she said to her son [then seventeen years 
old], ' JJo faithful to. the truth, and run not about on first 
days/ At another time sho said, ' Mourn not for me, for 
I am prepared to go. I love you all, and you are all near 
to me. 9 She often appeared to be in supplication in her 
distress, which was great, and which she bore with great 
patience and resignation. Some days before she died, sho 
said to me, her husband, 'Is thero anything that will 
hinder our parting in that love that we came together in ? * 
And a little before she went, she fainted, and appeared to 
be going out of the world to her long home. I sat down 
and interceded that if it was consistent with the will of the 
Lord that be might raise her up again ; whereupon she 
come to in great distress, and I asked her if she was 
sensible she was going. She answered, ' Yes, but I fear 
some of you seek to hold me.' She quietly departed this 
life without a sigh or groan, 1st of the 9th month, 1795* 


In recording these incidents, I desire all who may read 
those lines may be warned to submit to the disposing hand 
of the Most High. And I hope that the Lord will enable 
all his travailing children to bear the various turnings of 
his Holy hand, which He will, if wo arc willing and obe- 
dient to the inward voice of wisdom, which is and has been 
the leader of all the dependent children of the Lord from 
the foundation of the world. This was the Shepherd of 
Israel formerly, and now is He who sleeps not by day nor 
slumbers by night, but his watchful eye is over all them 
who choose the Lord for their portion and the lot of their 
inheritance, who shall mount upward as on the wings of 
an eagle, who shall according to his gracious promise/ 
when time is no more, enter into the glorious mansions of 
eternal day, forever to celebrate his glorious praises, with 
the songs of saints and angels. Amen." 

For' nearly sixty yean he lived in South Uxbridge, 
Mass., where he died in 1886. He was largely instru- 
mental in building up the flourishing Society of Friends in. 
that town. He ministered to that people with great 
regularity during this whole period. For nearly the same 
length of time, Royal Southwick also ministered to the 
same people. They sat side by side during those many 
years, and in that quiet spot, within the walls of that plain 
old structure, well known as " The Brick Meeting House/' 
now more than a hundred years old, where the great- 
grandchildren of those old worthies still worship, " for* 
getting not the assembling of yourselves together as the 
manner of some is/ 9 they would alternately supplicate the 
throne of Divine grace, or warn or encourage the children 
of God by a the word of exhortation." 


Tlie age of the " Brick Meeting House " in Uxbridge 
lias been a disputed question. Through the kindness of 
Miss Esther Osborne, the following extracts from the 
records of the Stnithfield monthly meeting have been fur* 
niahed, which appear to show conclusively that this house 
Was built in the year 1770. 

34 mo. 1770. — " The committee appointed in respect of 
building a Meeting House in Uxbridge do report yt ye 
most convenient place to set a meeting house is a little 
southerly of Moses Farnum Junr's by the side of ye great 
road, therefore this meeting orders a meeting house to be 
built at s'd place." . 

4th mo. 1770. — " It is the conclusion of this meeting 
y't ye com'to appointed to build Uxbridge Meeting House, 
build the same 86 feet long and 80 ft. broad, from outsido 
to outside," 

hih mo. 1771. — " Adam Harkncss, William BuiTuiu and 
David Stecrc do report yt they find the wholo cost of build* 
ing the Brick Meeting House to amount to £206. 8. 1." 

There had been a previous meeting-house built in Ux- 
bridge, in 1766, costing £70 16*. lid., but it is supposed 
that this was in the northerly part of the town, in that 
portion a few years later set off and called " Northbridge." 
The extracts from the same records showing these facts 
are as follows : — 

5 mo. 1766. — u Moses Farnum Jr. and Moses Aldrich, 
who were appointed to procure a piece of land to build a 
meeting-house on, at Uxbridge, have procured one, which 
is accepted.' 9 

At the same meeting:-— 


. " Samuel Aldrich, Moses Aldrich, and Moses Farnum, 
Jr., were appointed to oversee the building of the Meeting 
House at Uxbridge." 

1 mo. 1767.— " Samuel Aldrich, Moses Aldrich and 
Moses Farnum Jr., exhibited an account of the cost of 
building Uxbridge Meeting House, amouuting to £10 16*. 
l^tLj which account is accepted." 

2 mo. 1767.— "This meeting gave an order to George 
Aldrich to pay the sum of £40. (which was given by Rachel 
Thayer, in her last will towards building a meeting house 
at Uxbridge,) to the committee appointed to build Said 

He was not a great traveler, and made but few religious 
visits. I have, however, a brief record in his own handwrit- 
ing of a tour that he made in 1812. He says : — 

" I set out from home ye 1 st of ye 10 mo. .1812. Attended 
the meeting at Northbridgo. After meeting went to Paxton,. 
with jny friend Benjamin Bullinton. Sixth day went to 
Pelham. Seventh day had a meeting at James Lovct's. 
First day attended the meeting in the Meeting House, both 
in a good degree favored. Second day, 5th of ye month, 
went to Winchester [N. H.]. Sixth day of the mo. at* 
tended a meeting in a school-house in Winchester. Seventh 
day of the month and 4th of the week, attended a meeting 
at Swanxy. fifth day of the week and 8th of the mo., one 
at Richmond the next day. The distance from my house 
is about 140 miles. Ninth day, set out for Adams, from 
Darling Saben's ; went through Northfield, Greenfield, Slid- 
bnrne, Deerfield River up to the Bridge, Charlemont, then 
over the mountain to Adams. Lodged at Daniel Shear- 
man's on the mountain. About 60 miles from Richmond 
to Adams. Tenth day, took breakfast at John Upton's. 
Alt the aforesaid meetings in a good degree favoured. 


Thirteenth of ye month, 3d of the week, attended the 
meeting at Pitfstown, 80 miles from Adams, at which in 
some degree favoured. Same day set off for Easton, and 
lodged at Elisha Baker's. Fourteenth, attended a meeting 
at Saratoga, their monthly meeting, and back to Reuben 
Baker's, 8 miles. Then, 15th, attended the monthly meet* 
ing at Easton, and back to said Baker's one mile and a half. 
Sixteenth, attended their select meeting, and returned 
to Elisha Baker's. Seventeenth, went to Half Moon, or 
Newtown, 16 miles; lodged at Edward Puretou's. Eight- 
eenth, attended the meeting at Half Moon, and 10th went 
to Milton, 17 'miles; attended meeting there. Twentieth, 
attended a select meeting at Galaway, miles from Milton. 
Whilst at Galaway, lodged at the Widow Hawksey's. Her 
name was Phebo, formerly Shearman. Then, the 22d, 
attended the meeting atMayfield, 16 miles from Galaway, 
-and lodged at Levi Seemore's. 

14 28d, went to Norway and lodged at Caleb Sheldon's, 
Chloc's husband, 40 miles. Then went to New Hartford 
and lodged at Peleg Gifford's, and attended a meeting on 
1st day, ye 25th day of ye month. This was a highly 
favored one. After meeting, rode about 22 miles, and 
lodged at Henry Clapp's at Weston. 27th, rode 4 miles ; 
went home with Zaccheus Hill, who accompanied us from 
Galaway, who was a worthy elder in our society. 28th, 
rested. 20th, attended a meeting at Weston, where thero 
were two couples married. A large number of people. 
After meeting, rode 15 miles to Aquaus Bathburu's in 
Yerany, accompanied by Joseph Hicks. Appointed a 
meeting ye 28th of ye month, 5th day of ye week, at 
A quae us Rathburn's. It was very rainy. 5th day, set 
off for Scipio, and rode about 40 miles, and lodged at John 
Kinyon's in Anadoga, near the lake, where they make salt 
6th day, rode to Scipio, about 47 miles, and lodged at 
Alonzo Thayer's. 7th day, got our horses shod, and dined 


at William Burling's. 1st of ye week, and 1st of ye 11th 
ino., 2 days rested. 3d day, set out and rode 88 miles, and 
lodged at Daniel ifillsou, Jr.'s, and next day attended their 
meeting, 4th day, which was small. After meeting, rode 
18 miles, and lodged at Benjamin Hansey's,in Farmiugton. 
Next day, which was 5th of the week and 5th of ye month, 
attended the meeting at Farmington meeting-house ; after, 
rode 4 miles, and attended the meeting at Palmira, 8 miles 
from Farmington. After meeting rode 12 miles, and lodged 
at Nathan Aldrich's. Next day, ye 7th, rode 46 miles, and 
lodged at Alonso Thayer's in Scipio. 1st of tho week, 
attended the meeting at Scipio, which was a favored time. 
Snowed all the week ; rested. 9th of tho month, 3d of ye 
week, attended a meeting at Job Kinyon's in the east part 
of Scipio, miles. After meeting, rode 8 miles, and 
lodged at Walter Woods 9 . 10th day, rode 4 miles, and 
atteuded a meeting at Sempronius, where there were a few 
friends. After meeting rode 7 miles, and lodged at John 
Sutter's. 12th day went, rode, to D ureter' a, 80 miles, and 
lodged at Abraham SuttoiTs. 18th day, rode 15 miles to 
Casinovia. 14th, had a meeting at the school-house. 
After meeting, rode back to Durctcr's, 14 miles, anil 
lodged at Joseph Underwood's. Wo were accompanied by 
Joseph Underwood and James Darby, Jr. 15th, attended 
the meeting at Drayton, which was on first day, — a snowy 
time. 17th, attended a meeting at Smyrna, from Drayton 
20 miles, and lodged at Arnold Briggs 9 (?)> After meet- 
ing rode to Thomas Harris's (t) in Shearburn, 7 miles, 
and attended meeting in a school-house near Thomas Har- 
ris's in Chenango. After meeting, rode 16 miles, and 
lodged at Solomon Kelsey's in Edmonson. 19th, attended 
a meeting in Burlington. After meeting went to Richard 
Emerson's in New Lisburn ; lodged there that night. 20th, 
set out and reached Deuansborough ye 21st, and lodged at 
Isaac Gauge's. 22d, rode 48 miles to Chatham, and lodged 


at Esek Mosher's; next day, about 20 miles, and lodged 
at David Lapham'a in Handcock. 25th of ye month, and 
4th of ye week, rode to John Wells' in Chester, 13 miles* 
Ye 27th, went to meeting at Adams, 8 miles. After meet* 
ing, rode 9 miles to the widow Chase's in Sevoy, and had 
a small meeting in the evening. 28th, rode about 40 miles 
to Baldwin, and lodged at Esek Cook's/ 9 

The remainder of the record is gone. 

A memorandum at tho end says : " Attended 88 meet- 
ings. Traveled 985 miles." 

The paper upon which this memorandum is written is 
very old and very poor. It is so discolored in places as to 
mako it almost impossible to decipher the handwriting. 
In some cases it is impossible to be sure of the words. 

It will be readily seen by such a record what endurance 
the preacher had and what tenacity of purpose to travel so 
donstantly, with such long day's journeys, and with so. 
little rest. It was evidently a labor of love, in which his 
whole heart was engaged. When it is remembered how 
different the country through which he passed was then 
from what it is now, the significance of such an achieve* 
ment will be more fully appreciated. Then the roads 
through Southern New Hampshire and Northern Massachu- 
setts were quite different from what they are now. The 
iron horse now puffs and snorts along the margin of 
" Deerfield River to Charlemont Bridge, 19 and not aver 
but under the Hoosac Mountain, carrying the long- 
train of cars with its hundreds of passengers, and the 
journey is not toilsome, scarcely more than pastime. Then, 
however, the preacher must " get out and walk " now and 


then, while his tired horse tugs and pulls the heavy lumber- 
ing carriage of those days over the rough, tortuous, rocky 
road, until both man and beast are anxiously looking for 
the wayside inn or the hospitable farm-house. 

But rough as the roads were in New England, wilder and 
rougher by far was the wilderness of Central New York 
sixty-fire years ago. 

u The laborer " truly " is worthy of his hire," but this 
man was no believer in " the hireling ministry," and his 
motto was, "Freely ye have received, freely give/ 1 He 
looked for no earthly recompense for such a toilsome 
journey. But u he had respect unto the recompense of the 
reward/' His soul glowed with love to the Mastor, and he 
longed to see the brethren face to face, and to impart to 
them some spiritual gift 

The extracts giveu above from his own pen upon these 
religious subjects have already conveyed to the reader some 
idea of the character of this good man. He had a strong 
mind, a decided will, a tenacious purpose, but he desired 
that all his powers should be consecrated to the service of 
his divine Mastor. He was thoroughly a religious man 
from the timo when he saw " the necessity of living a 
sober life," to the day of his death. He died when I was 
five years and a half old; but I have great pleasure in 
remembering him, and in recollecting the lessons he 
imparted to me, child as I was. I very well remember his 
driving home from meeting, and taking me in at the 
sShool-house and carrying me home with him. His whip- 
lash was fastened to his walking-stick, so that the same 
article might do double service. I have a distinct recollce- 


tion of taking a walk with him across the lots to the well* 
known "spring" below the " Jenney orchard " ; and on 
our return, coming through the " hill pasture/ 9 where his 
old black horse was feeding, I was very much afraid. (The 
horse was indeed a vicious one.) I communicated my 
fears to him, aud with the utmost kindness of manner and 
confidence of tone he told me to " cling closely to his 
hand, and the horse would not hurt me/' Surely, I did 
"cling closely," and the horse kept on grazing, without so 
much as deigning to look up at us. It required but few 
words to remind me, how we should cling closely to God, 
our heavenly Father, when we are fearful in our pilgrimage 
here below. 

I can recall the pleasure I had in going into " great- 
grandfather's part " of the house that he might read to me 
from my little books. A book of short stories of childhood * 
in rhyme, with colored prints, is a very -precious relic of 
the past to me even now, aud my earliest recollection of it 
is the picture of the old man of fourscore and five years, 
holding it at arm's-length that he might see it clearly, and 
reading those simple, childish stories to me over and over. 
One story was of the children who played* with the fire, 
until the little girl had set her clothes ou fire ; and the 
rhyme illustrates the glowing red picture, by saying, — 

" The othsr with s paper lit, 
Oots on to do tho same." 

The quaint pronunciation of the patriarch gave the word 
" with " the ordinary sound of " withe." 

Perhaps the most distinguishing trait of this good man 
was his religious character, — his consistent, devoted life, 

8 r 



with evenness and serenity of temper, and his earnest fidel- 
ity, both in his private walk and his public ministry, to 
the distinguishing tenets of the Society of Friends. But in 
liis business relations and general activity it is evident that 
his energy of character, mechanical skill, aud his intellec- 
tual ability were far above mediocrity. 

It has already been stated that in his youth he learned 
the " house-carpenter's trade." After working at that trade 
for some years, and having joined the Quakers, and mar- 
ried Huldah Harris, sometime between 1775 and 1778, he 
moved to South Uxbridge, Mass. Here in the spring of 1778 
lie bought a farm of Mr. Benjamin Archer, who had origi- 
nally taken up the laud, and had built a small house upon 
it This house being small, old, and inconvenient, Richard 
immediately set to work to build a new one. The cellar of 
a large house was dug, the cellar walls laid up from rough 
stone taken from the farm, the timber for the frame cut 
and hewed, the frame raised, the house covered, shiugled, 
and elapboarded, and he moved in about the 1st of July. 
And a very large, part of this work was done with his own 
liauds. Here, in the new house, his only son Gideon was 
born, 7 mo. 7, 1778. To one only acquainted with the 
houses of a later period this dwelling would appear siugu- 
lor indeed. It is still standing, though a hundred years 
old, and is in very good condition, with not only the same 
frame, still strong and sound, but the same floors, the 
oame doors, and the same interior finish throughout. The 
inside doors were made with his own hands, and hung upon, 
wooden hinges, and with wooden latches and wooden 
latch-knobs all of his own niako. The original houso, since 


enlarged, consisted of a living room, a " great room/ 9 or 
parlor, three bedrooms, and appropriate entries, stairways, 
and closets. The " great room " was never painted during 
his life-time, but the pine doors of the natural color of the 
wood, the floors scrupulously white and clean, with the old- 
fashioned large fire-place, and mats and rugs upon the 
floor, presented a very neat and pretty appearance. 

In this house, with a " summer kitchen " added to the 
west end, and subsequently two rooms to the east end, he 
spent all' the remainder of his life, nearly fifty-seven years. 

He was not only a successful farmer and a skilful house- 
carpenter, but an expert with all edged tools, which he 
used for various special purposes. He was an ingenious 
cabinet-maker, an excellent carriage-builder, and for many 
years supplied a large section of the country with the great 
timbers and wooden screws used in the old-fashioned 
eider-press. This really was an ingenious trade by itself, 
and required no small skill to make the thread of those 
large wooden screws, and fit them to the thread of the 
huge nuts into which they were to be fitted, which formed 
the great press which was to extract the juice from the 
ground apples. 

* The laqfe carryall which he used for many of the last 
years of his life, and which was fitted for two horses or 
one, was made throughout by his own hands. I have seen 
a wooden high-backed rocking-chair, still in constant vse 
at this day, which was made by him, and presented to his 
second daughter in the early part of this century. It is 
now used by his grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and 


The following beautiful tribute to his memory consists 
of extracts from letters recently written by Anthony 
Chase, Esq., of Worcester, Mass., a very respectable 
gentleman, for many years the county treasurer of Wor- 
cester County, and an honored and beloved member of the 
of Friends. 

• " In the spring of 1800 1 was ' consigned and made over ' 
to Richard Howry, to serve him until I was fourteen years 
of age. He was a widower at that time,— ■ his aged 
mother, an only son, and five daughters constituted his 
household. He was a strict disciplinarian in his family, 
and governed it well. First-day schools, and meetings for 
studying the Scriptures, were unknown at that time, 
neither was it the practice to read the Bible at the break- 
fast-table, but the Scriptures were frequently read in his 
fa8fQy. Then it was and there that I learned to love the 
sacred book. 

"He was a farmer, house-carpenter, carriage-maker, 
and cider-press builder, diligent in business at all seasons 
and in all the changes of weather. His farm was a poor 
one, and scantily repaid the labor bestowed upon it. 

" He was a man of souud common-sense, and very use- 
ful in his neighborhood. He wrote the deeds, leases, and 
contracts of his neighbors, and made their wills. When 
any difficulty or misunderstanding occurred, Richard 
Mowry was called upon to straighten everything, which he 
generally' succeeded in doing to the satisfaction of all 

" He was an approved minister of the Society of Friends, 
and was frequently called upon and requested to attend 
the funerals of those not members of his society, in his 
own and neighboring towns. 

u While I was with him he married Isabel Chace, his 


third wife, and his son * and several daughters were 
married also during the time. 

" At that time few men were educated and equal to any* 
emergency, and Richard Mowry was one of them.' 9 • . • 

" He was a firm, conscientious, honest man ; insisted on 
the right, regardless of what others thought or said of 
him, — a great stickler for the simplicity of the Society of 
Friends, as adhered to at that day (alas, not now !)• His 
clothing was the natural color of wool and flax. The but* 
tons he used to make himself of apple-tree wood. 

" I remember when I was old enough to have a woolen 
coat with skirts to it, I wanted buttons on the skirts, as 
other boys had them. I pleaded hard, but it availed me 
nothing. He said they were of no tore, and there the mat- 
ter ended. 

" He was quick at repartee, and often made his listeners 
smile when he related his victories over his opponents in 

u It is now more than seventy years since I was an 

inmate of his family, and my recollection of daily occur* 

rences is a good deal impaired. I regret my inability to 

detail more fully the incidents in the life of a very worthy 

man, whose memory is very precious to me. 

Sincerely thy friend, 


After the death of his wife Isabel in 1820, he lived more 
than fourteen years a widower. These years he spent as a 
housekeeper, preferring to keep up his own house to living 
with any of his children. During most of this period, 
Mary Hunt (daughter of Daniel Hunt), whom ho had 
taken (a poor motherless girl) to bring up, and his grand- 
daughter, Sarah Thayer, were his housekeepers. He kept 

• Thtstsftmifltako. His ton GJdsoa was auurrM im 1TO0. 


his health unusually well for one of his age, except the 
difficulties which he experienced from the asthma during* 
his later years. He died at night, on the 1st mo. 28, 
1835, aged (86 years, 11 months, and 12 days) 86 years, 
lacking 18 days. 

T\\q facsimile of bis handwriting given below is taken 
from a letter written when he was in his eighty-fourth 

Since writing the above account of this good man, I 

hare received a biographical sketch from his only grandson 

that bears the family name, now living in the Golden State, 

upon the Pacific Coast It gives me great pleasure to 

insert entire this beautiful tribute to our common ancestor. 

■* «* 

by bichabo d. mowby, or sav yiuycisoo. 

Thery is in every man's life a few turning-points that 
shape his whole life for this world and for the world to 
come. The wonderful manner of the conversion of this 
man is a convincing proof of the dealings of the spirit of 
God with his creatures. 

Many a tombstone that tells that he whose mortal remains 
lie below was born at such a time, and died at a certain 
time, and comprises the whole biography of the man, speaks 
of a greater man than he may have been of whom poets 
delighted to sing, and about whom the historian has written 
thousands of pages portraying his abilities and virtues. 

Man is a creature of circumstances, and his course is not 
so much the result of genius as it is of circumstances* Man 
is not made by luck, nor is his course always the result of 


carefully matured plans. But the combination of the two 
serves to make the great man as he is weighed by his con- 
temporaries. If J. S. C. Abbott's views and estimate of 
Napoleon are correct, then Napoleon was a great and good 
man, believing fully in the gospel of Jesus Christ ; while 
on the other hand he is represented as a mah carried along 
by'fatc acting regardless of consequences except to himself* 

Washington, Napoleon, John Calvin, and Cotton Mather 
are known by the record of their acts having come to us 
written or remembered by their contemporaries. 

But the man that is less known, and is of an humble 
condition, has his circle who know him aud cau testify of 
him. That testimony is more potent than at first thought 
may appear. Sometimes the man that has lived all his 
days in comparative obscurity leaves when he goes out of 
this world an atmosphere of example that will breathe on 
the coming generations an inspiration of greater power 
than the influence felt from him in his lif o-timc. " His 
deeds live after him.' 9 

Such a man was the subject of this sketch. Though 
comparatively unknown, or known to a limited extent 
beyond his neighbors and relatives, and in the religious 
society to which ho was attached, the testimony of him is 
such that carries with it a weight of influence far beyond 
the close of his earthly life, mid greater than wo can com- 
prehend. The look of approval of sedate manhood upon 
the good acts of the young is folt and known far beyond 
the present hour and beyond the present life, and gives the 
life-spring of goodness, though the recipient may not know 
from whence comes the influenco whereby he is made in . 
after life to love goodness, virtue, and morality. That be* 
nign look comes unbidden but welcome beforo him, and is 
a talisman along the weary journey of life. 

Richard Mowry, the subject of this memoir, was born in 
Smithfieid, R. I., on the 11th day of the 2d month, 1748, 


0. S., and died in Uxbridge, Mass., on tbo 23d day of the 
1st month, 1835, at the patriarchal age of 85 years, 11 
months, and 12 days. 

He was the third son of Joseph Mowry, of Smithfield, 
R. L, a lawyer of prominence, who had eight children, five 
sons and three daughters. 

The oldest, Job, was born ye 1st month, 24, 1744, and 
the fifth day of the week. 

Thomas was born ye third month, 15th, 1746, on the 
fifth day of the week. 

Richard was born ye 11th day of the 2d month, 1748, 
and the 7th day of the week. 

Andrew was born ye 4th day of the 4th month, 1751, 
and on ye fifth day of the week. 

Ruth was born ye 19th of 8th month, 1758, on the 2d 
day of the week. 

Anne was born ye 19th of 12th month, 1756, on the 6th 
day of the week. 

Phebe was born ye 15th of 12th month, 1758, on the first 
day of the week. 

Augustus was born on ye 9th day of the 8th month, 1761, 
on the first day of the week. 

It is noticeable that none of this family of eight chil- 
dren were given but one name over the surname. 

To go back and attempt to give an account of ancestral 
descent aud sketch of their lives would be to repeat the 
oft-told tale of the early settlers of this country. The 
story of deprivation and self-sacrifice and want ; the story 
of bright, sunny summers and bleak, dreary winters ; the 
story of life in the cabin, and the story of the pious pil- 
grim worshiping with one ear listening to the earnest min- 
ister as he related the wondrous story of the cross, and 
with the other standing sentry to catch the first sound of 
hostility from the surrounding savage. 

Blessed with a sound physical system, he developed into 


a powerful man of the type of those days, that New Eng- 
land may well be proud of, and who were her pride in the 
times of the Revolution. Well does the writer remember 
of hearing him, when he had become superannuated, relate 
many of the exploits of his younger days. Wrestling was 
then one of the favorite amusements of the time. The 
man or boy who could triumphantly carry off the prize at a 
wrestling match in those days, was a hero to receive the 
acclaim of not only those who engaged in such sports, but 
also the eucomiums of the older part of the commu- 
nity, and was looked upon and marked as the man or boy 
of promise. Many a time did he make it the occasion 
of a pointed private sermon on the folly and wickedness of 
such sports, always emphatically dwelling on the entire ab- 
negation from pride for conquering by physical achieve- 
ments, but at the same time takiug occasion to relate that 
he was often wickedly engaged in such sports when 
young, and always came off conqueror, which last asser- 
tion was fully sustained by his contemporaries. 

When he was more than eighty years old, I heard him 
say, " I once walked more than eight miles one morning to 
meet a man who had sent me a challenge to wrestle with 
him. I met him in a new barn. We grappled, and I let 
him spend his strength, and then I easily laid him down. 
Had I not resorted to that strategctical movement, which 
he attributed to my fear and weakness, ho would have been 
more than a match for me. Ho was powerful, terribly pow- 

Early in lifo, even while sports* like the above engaged 
his attention, beforo his conversion ho eviuced something 
more than a common comprehension of what was going on 
around him. Ho looked on everything around him, and 
within the scope of his vision and knowledge, as a part of 
a stupendous whole for him and every man to extol or con- 
demn. He seemed to have a regard for all, as though with- 


out himself the great whole was not perfect, and lie should 
be judged by his comprehension and regard for the welfare 
of the whole. When I consider this man, the whole man, 
I would sum up my measure of him by paraphrasing Hor- 
ace Greeley's note to the Union League Club of New York 
in 1867. Greeley wrote to that Club, " So long as any man 
was seeking to overthrow our government, be was my eu- 
emy ; from the hour he laid down his arms, he was my 
formerly erring countryman. So long as any ono is 'at 
heart opposed to national unity, the Federal authority, or 
to that assertion of equal rights of all men which has be- 
come practically identified with legality and nationality, 
I shall do my best to deprive him of power ; but when- 
ever he ceases to be thus, I demand his restoration to all the 
privileges of American citizenship/' 

So with the subject of this memoir. So long as a man 
was either an open enemy, or by innuendo or in any way 
sought to traduce his fellow-man, or would teach young or, 
old to slight religion or to underrate morality, he looked 
upon that man as the eOemy of God and man. But when 
he, whoever he might bo, ceasod to scoff at religion, and to 
give morality its true value, teachtug that it exalted it* 
possessor, from that moment he would forget all that man's 
errors, and demand his restoration to the embrace of all the 
good of earth, as he would finally bo embraced in heaven here- 
after. He saw and bemoaned the final result of slavery in 
these TJuited States ; and had he lived later, when the clmrih 
characterised slavery as an " organic sin," his righteous 
resentment would have known no bounds. lit no man who 
lived before or since was there a more exact balance thah 
he possessed. While he conceded perfoct freedom of 
thought and action to all, he had no patience with tho too 
common expressions, " Society is so organized that I am not 
to blame ; " " If I don't do it, somebody else will" 
It is not known to the writer precisely at what time lie 


went to Uxbridge to live. Tlie records of the County of 
Worcester contain the following deed of Benjamin Archer 
to Richard Mowry, dated May 4, 1778. 

" To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Gbutino. 

" Enow Yk, That I Benjamin Archer of Uxbridge, in the 
County of Worcester and State of the Massachusets Bay, 
N. Englaud, husbandman, 

M For and in Consideration of the Sam of two hundred 
pounds lawf all money, to me in Hand before the Enseal- 
ing hereof, well and truly paid by Richard Mowry of Ux- 
bridge, and in the same County and State aforesaid yeo- 
man, the Receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge, and 
myself therewith fully satisfied and contented ; and thereof, 
and of every Part and Parcel thereof, do exonerate, acquit 
and discharge him the said Richard Mowry and his Heirs, 
Executors and Administrators, foreror by these Presents : 
HAVE given, granted, bargained, sold, aliened, conveyed 
and confirmed ; and by these Presents, Do freely, fully, 
and absolutely give, grant, bargain, sell, alien, convey and 
confirm unto him the said Richard Mowry, and his Heirs 
and Assigns forever, a certain tract or parcel of land sit- 
uated lying in Uxbridge aforesaid, about fifty four acres 
be the some more or less and bounded as foiloweth : Be- 
gining at a rock and stone, which is the Southwesterly cor- 
ner, then runing East 19 dog's South 66 rods to a chos- 
nut tree then North 25 degrees East 14 rods to a heap of 
stones then East 24 degrees South 18 rods to a heap of 
stones then North full point 48 rods to a heap of stones 
then North 24 degrees East 46 rods to a heap of stone* 
(which is the Northeasterly corner,) then runing Westerly 
with a straight line in range with a chesnut tree to the 
road, then on said road 46 rods to a heap of stones then 
East 25 degrees South 10 rods to a heap of stones then 
South f ull point 80 rods to a heap of stones then South 25 


'deg's West 18 rods to the first mentioned bounds And also 
six acres of the eleventh division of land as it now lyeth 
in common with the undivided lands in Mendon and Ux- 
bridge which I purchased of Ezekiel Wood now to bo laid 
•out by the said Mowry, and likewise the whole of of tho 
right of the common and undivided land that I now have 
in Mendon and Uxbridge. To HAVE and to HOLD the| 
said granted and bargained Premises, witli all the Appur- 
tenances, Privileges and Commodities to the same belong- 
ing, or in an j wise appertaining to him, the said Richard t 
Mowry, and Heirs and Assigns forever. To his and their , 
only proper Use, Benefit and Behoof forever. And I tho 
said Benjamin Archer, for myself, Heirs, Executors and 
Administrators, do Covenant, Promise and Grant to and 
with him the said Richard Mowry and his Heirs and As- . 
signs, that before the Ensealing hereof, I am the true, solo , 
and lawful Owner of the above bargained Premises, and 
am lawfully seized and possessed of the same in my own . 
'proper Right, as a good, perfect, and absolute Estate of In- 
heritance in Fee Simple : And have in myself good Right, , 
full Power and lawful Authority, to grant, bargain, sell,. 
convey and confirm said bargained Premises in Manner as 
aforesaid : And that he the said Richard Mowry, his Heir* 
and Assigns shall and may from Time to Time, and at all. 
Times forever hereafter, by force and virtue of these Prcs- < 
ents, lawfully, peaceably and quietly Uavo, Hold, Use, Oc- 
cupy, Possess and Enjoy the said demised and bargained 
Premises, with the Appurtenances, free atjd clear, and. 
freely and clearly acquitted, exonerated and discharged of, 
from all and all manner of former or other Oifts, Grants, 
Bargains, Sales, Leases, Mortgages, Wills, Entails, Joint- 
ures, Dowries, Judgments, Executions, or Incumbrances, 
of what Name or Nature soever, that might in any Meas- 
ure or Degree obstruct or make void this prosent Deed. 
" Furthermore, I the said Benjamin Archer, for myself 


my Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, do Covenant 
and Engage the abovo demised Premises to him the said 
Richard Mowry his Heirs and Assigns, against the lawful 
Claims or Demands of anv Person or Persons whatsoever, 
forever hereafter to Warrant, Secure and Defend by these 

" In witness whereof I hereunto together with Deborah 
my wife in witness of her consent to the sale of the prem- 
ises aforesaid and in bequeathment of her right of dower 
and to ye same have hereunto set our hands and seals this 
fourth day of May 1778, and in the second year of the 
American Republic* 

Signed seaTd dtWd 

Sara Jbnne. BENJAMIN ARCHER, [l. s.] 

Ssth Reed. h*r 

Jajcjs Hall. DEBORAH x ARCHER., [l. s.] 


. " Worcester, ss« May 6,1778. Then Benjamin Archer 
k Deborah his wife the signers of the within deed person- 
ally appeared and acknowledged the within instrument to 
be their free voluntary act & deed. 

Before me, Joseph Read, Justice Peace. 

Rec'd May 16, 1778, Entered and Exam'd. 

P. Nact'l Baldwin, Reg'r" 

I have inserted this deed in full as a paper of interest to 
those who may be interested to read this volume. It takes 
the mind back now a century, and is a novelty to the 
younger readers* It will be more of a novelty still to the 
readers of a century hence. Who can tell what changes . 
in writing and printing may pass before the living during 
the next century ? 

It is undoubtedly the case that when Archer deeded to 
Mowry, the latter had lived in Uxbridge, and probably on. 



this very farm, for some time. When he purchased this 
property, both Archer and Mowry arc described m the deed 
as of Uxbridge. 

Uzbridge was uow his home. The struggles incident to 
that purchase and homo have now passed away with the 
actor. . With the possession of this property he started to 
build himself a character, and a name for his town. From 
this time to his death, no cloud rose or hnug over his char- 
acter. No shade or blur in consequence of his acts was 
fastened upon his neighborhood nor town. 

Quietly he lived ; and as his family grew up and his 
locks whitened, his character and influence strengthened. 
He purchased subsequently two tracts of lands, or it might 
be said two farms, adjoining his ; subsequently known as 
the " Jenney farm " and u the Hicks lot," on which were 
houses, and the old necessary farm appendage, "the cider 

About the year 1886 the writer helped to take down the 
44 chimney and fire-place V m that had stood till then on the 
Jenney place. A spoon and several little curiosities were , 
unearthed from beneath the rubbish. We filled the cellar,. 
and now the grass waves over the spot where the old man 
Jenney and wife in 1770 lived in their primitive home- 
Here, as age and hard fare wrinkled their fair faces, they 
sought to soothe each other on tho road to their last home. 
Here tliey lived and died. 

Within the radius of a mile from the centre of the 
Archer place (Mowry's first purchase) wero the remains, 
of six dwellings which wero tenanted some of them later . 
than tho year 1800. Some of them now show little to tell 
the traveler that there was onco a dwelling there ; some 
are marked by the " farm orchard " ; and one is past find- . 
ing out, unless the inquirer should observe the well near 
the swamp; and two are in the midst of stately forest 
trees that now drop their foliage where a century and a 


quarter ago the garden was cultivated, and the beans grew 
for the winter porridge. Think of it! Three generations 
of trees, that hare grown over the family garden of 1750, 
have warmed the grandchildren and tho grandchildren's 
grandchildren of the tenants that then dwelt there. 

At the time he purchased the farm of Archer, there was 
a house on it of small dimensions, situated about twenty 
rods in a southeasterly direction from the house now stand- 
ing on the place. 

The old house was soon vacated for the one he erected, 
and in which he lived and died. This comfortable dwell- 
ing (a nice one for the time when it was built) was the 
work of his own hands, and its erection formed an import- 
ant epoch in the life of its owner. He was soon able to 
build a stately -and commodious bam, and next came tho 
corn-crib. This corn-crib, although the least important of 
the three buildings, deserves a brief notice. It was about 
twonty feet square, standing on six atono posts firmly set 
in the ground, capped with round flat stones, about three 
and a half feet in diameter, on which were laid tho sills of 
the buildiug. These stones were about seven to nine inches 
in thickness, and the sides of natural formation, taken from 
a seamy ledge, of which there are soveral on tho place, that 
produce very fiue door-steps, underpinning stones, and win- 
dow-caps. The brick house now standing on the place, 
erected about the year 1822, has as fine door and window 
caps of natural surface as can bo prtKluccd hy tho finest 
cutting and oven polishing. Tho sills of tho crib wore 
nine-inch hown timber ; the posts six-inch, and nine feet 
high, and the plates six-inch. I have heard Mowry say, 
M I raised that frame alone/* To lay tho sills on the cap- 
stones placed on the six posts was no light job for one man. 
The posts, with their caps, were when set four and a half 
feet high from tho surface of the ground, but the posts 
have setllod so that tho sills of late years have bceu not 


much more than three feet from tho ground. These three 
buildings, with sheds and other out-buildings, gave tho 
place the appearance of a cheerful, bright, enjoyable, com- 
fortable, and happy New Eugland homo. As ho was pros- 
pered, one after another of the comforts and conveniences 
of early New England life sprang up around him, all the 
more to be enjoyed as they were tho works of his own 
hands. The bush fence gave place to the substantial. 
44 Virginia fence " and the more endurable farm stone-wall. 
The forest was felled to give place to the grain and hay 
Held, the orchard took the place of the bramble, and the 
rose blossomed in the desert places. 

His second child and only son was born two months and 
three days after the purchase of his homestead. 

His first marriage was in 1770 ; his second in 1774, to 
Huldah Harris ; and his third marriage, to Isabel Chacc, 
in 1802. 

His issue by his wife Huldah - was one son and five 
•daughters, vis. Huldah in 1775, Gidoon in 1778, Phcbe 
in 1780, Wait in 1788, Auioy in 1785, and Sarah in 1788. 

At this latter date he could say he had seen of the bless- 
ings of the Lord, aud had drank of the bitter waters of 

He had laid his first love in the old-fashioned grave, ami 
she had left no child on whom he could look and behold as 
in a mirror the image of its mother, — the blessings of his 
first love. Aud again his second love hud presented to 
him six precious jewels, dostinod in tho course of time to 
bo hung in tho u house of many mansion*," and to form a 
part of that group of which some are already thcro, to In? 
joined by myriads nioro who from time to tunc nhull go to 
dwell in the particular mansions set apart for his numer- 
ous progeny, as they follow on to that blessed home. 
Many of their children are thero, and more numerous still 
is the younger group of grcat-graudchildrcu that sing and 


play and prattle around the altars of peace and joy. " In 
my father's house are many mansions : if it were not so, 
I would Iiave told you. I go to prepare a place for you," 
(John xiv. 2.) In that place, in that mansion, see them 
grouped as in a happy home on this earth. There is a 
place in one of these mansious, no matter which, where the 
patriarch of each family receives those of the family who 
follow after them. That circle is continually enlarging, as 
members oue by one of the earthly family pass on to 
their eternal home. 

What the style of architecture of those mansions is I 
know not. But this I know, in spite of all the scientists 
of this age, that in one of those " many mansions " there 
is a " place " for you and for me, for " Jesus has told me 

The precise time that the subject of this memoir joined 
the Quakers I am unable to state. His second marriage 
was in " the meeting,"— this was in 1774. So we And he 
was in. the time of the Revolution a Quaker. Keenly feel* 
ing the oppression of the mother-country, he was forbidden 
to liear arms by the " Quaker creed," which was in full 
accord with his conscience. 

During the Revolutionary War, when even New England 
homes were unsafe, and the taxed tea was steeping in Bos- 
ton Harbor, a deserter from the British army cautiously 
approached Mowry one fine morning, and iu suppliant 
terms asked for food and concealment from the British 
officers, whom he feared were on his track, and too near 
him already. " I cannot conceal thco, but I will not allow 
Dice to go from my door hungry. Thy face is an honest 
one. King George does very wrong to abuse and kill our 
people. I know but little of the rules of war. It is 
against my principles to bear arms. I cannot fight. Over 
yonder hill I design to clear away the wood euid burn it, to 
make a meadow for raising gross. If it pleases thee to go 


to work there, I will not inform against thee. Thou shalt 
be fed and made comfortable. I can promise no uiore.' r 
The man went to work, and worked on. He cleared the 
ground. No British officers found him in that secluded 
spot. In that " Quaker asylum/' as he tenned it, lie wa* 
safe. Many a time has the writer heard the subject of this 
memoir relate the foregoing incident, frequently adding, 
" Oh, the cruelty of war I When will the sword be turned 
into a ploughshare, and men learn war no more." 

Year after year has the writer stood in this meadow, 
enlarged by subsequent clearing, and whetted his scythe 
while the son was coming up. Brilliantly would he cast 
his streaming light over my head and across the field till it 
rested on the hills in the background. Long years before 
had the subject of this sketch, for half a century, led the 
mowers into this meadow even in the twilight of the morn- 
ing. What memories cluster around that spot! The 
writer can count twoscore and ten who have labored with 
him in that meadow. Even now does memory go back, 
and I picture to myself the ^British deserter, far from his 
island home, away from friends and the scenes of his youth. 
I seem even now to see him in a listening posture, scared 
at the sounds from his own axe, lest its echo might betray 
him in his retreat The falling leaf disturbs him ; the foot- 
falls of the scared and fleeing hare are magnified into the 
tramp of mounted officers. 

If this account of the British deserter looks like a 
departure on the part of Mowry from the doctrines of 
Penn, into a botrayal of his principles, I can assuro my 
readers that while the sympathies of the good Quaker 
might influence him, his primitive principles would keep- 
him in the right path. 

But the following answer of a Quaker preacher during 
the last war with the South I fear will hardly bear the 
criticisms of " the world's people." I asked him of his 


occupation. He replied, " I am at work on bayonets ; my 
employers are working night and day to fill a large gov* 
ernment order/ 9 Said I, " How can yon reconcile yonr 
action with the discipline of yonr sect against war ? " He 
replied, " 0, 1 only true and straighten them ; they are all 
forged, tempered, ground, and polished before I hare any- 
thing to do with them." 

At the time Mowry was & young man, the ball-room and 
tho dance were as much the resort of the young as now. 
With him dancing was a recreation of which he was im- 
moderately fond. In dancing he excelled. He was the 
admired of all admirers in the ball-room. He several 
times declared to me and in my presence, u I was nightly 
wasting away my physical life, and destroying my happi- 
ness here and my hopes for a hereafter ; when on a certain 
night, while I was dancing, the spirit of the Lord came 
over mc in so powerful a manner that I could not act 
my part. Turning to my companions, I said to them, ' I 
must leave tho ball-room forever. 9 My companions wore 
agreeable ; I was enjoying myself to all observers ; but a 
still, small voice said, * Leave and change thy course of 
life. 9 My companions laughed at me. But I bad no 
control over myself. Go I must. The direction was as 
oxplicit to me as was the command to Jonah when ordered 
to go and cry against Nineveh ; and had I not obeyed, the 
consequences would have been as terrible to me as was the 
result of Jonah's disobedience to him. From that time I 
believe I was a changed man. Before ' I saw men as trees 
walking 9 ; now I see every man clearly. 99 

At his trade as a carpenter his ambition to excel seemed 
to compel him to challenge all competition. He entered 
into all the improvements in the trade, not selfishly, but in 
the spirit that if he made an improvement it would l**d 
others to improve, as he had improved by trying to excel 


: One of the favorite plans of the leading carpenters of 
those times was to criticise each other's work ; and no 
defect was so damaging, nor would be so fatal to the 
character of a carpenter, as to make a false mortise in a 
house or barn frame, more particularly in the latter, as in 
the house frame the defect would be likely to be covered 
by the finish. He at one time detected a false mortise in 
a frame pot together by one of his rivals, and took occa- 
sion to use it to his no small disadvantage. Not long after, 
in framing a large barn, he made a false mortise where it 
would make a very undesirable record for him. It was in 
a heavy, oostly timber, that he could not afford to throw 
away. He expected every minute a visit from the car- 
penter from whom he had no right to oxpoct any favors, 
for he had shown him none ; but on the contrary had used 
a similar mistake of his to get a heavy job which would 
have been given to his competitor had it not been that he 
was able to hold up the ghostly false mortise as a testi- 
mony against him. To fill the mortiso must be tho work 
of dexterous hands, or he would be caught in the very act. 
The piece to fill the mortise must be of the same grain of 
the timber to be patched, or the grain of the wood would 
betray him. The piece was found, cut and driven in and 
trimmed so skilfully with the broad-axe as to defy detec- 
tion. The last blow was struck, tho last chip had fallen ; 
and as he raised his eyes he beheld his adversary already 
in sight. He came, he examined, but no false mortise 
could be found. There was no witness against him. His 
frame was perfect ; his triumph complete. 

All men who are judges of human character have not 
always escaped being imposed upon. There are times 
that the human mind yields to tho wiles of others, and 
drinks in the falsities of others without stint and seem* 
ingly without measure. The world is full of deception, 
and the very air is filled with deceptive sounds, which 


come in some way to deceive oil. I say all, for where is 
the person of mature age, that is not man enough or woman 
enough to say frankly, I have been imposed upon ? While 
you look one way, and steel yourself against one you fear, 
another has your left ear, and is whispering sophistry and 
falsehood even then. 

When I was younger than I am , now, I well remember 
the social chat I was having with the man whose guest I 
was. The conversation turned on the dealings of man- 
kind. Said mine host, " Was you ever cheated ? " With- 
out waiting for a reply, he answered his own question with, 
" Everybody has been. And to tell you the truth, if no one 
would cheat my boys, I would have some one to do it." 
"What," said I, "cheat boys!" — "No man can battle 
with this world successfully until he has been made con- 
scious and thoughtful by having learned to be distrust* 
fill," was his true and humiliating reply. But woe to the 
man that is detected in his deception. The world', the road 
we travel, is strowh all along with the cast-offs who, hav. 
ing betrayed our confidence, are left by the roadside of our 
affections and regards. We say in our agony of remem- 
brance, in our inclination to cling to former friends, " We 
have summered and wintered you, and your yes is no, and 
your no means I know not what." 

Sometimes deception is so well put that it takes deep 
root in us, and it would seem that the more is heaped upon 
us the stronger our faith in the deceiver. And while I 
regard the subject of this sketch as a man of sound judg- 
ment, — a man of exceedingly judicious parts, — still he 
listened to some who found it to their satisfaction and 
believed it to be to their interest to deceive him. 

I will speak of one instance only ; and as the parties 
have all passed over the river, no hurt can come from it 

Howry had for a long time employed for his family phy- 
sician one who, being a reputable man and physician, had 


gained the confidence of his " Neighbor Mowry," as he was 
accustomed familiarly to address him. Many a long and 
pleasant conversation was had by them, till the doctor had 
learned to know what would suit his friend, and would 
then prescribe for him f and make him believe he had 
always given him such prescriptions only as he believed 
should be given. One of Mowry's theories was that in no 
case should any " mercury " be used* " No,' 9 said the doc- 
tor, "I never use it. Doctors who use mercury sooner 
or later lose the confidence of their patients, and rightfully 
too. I have no confidence in such practitioners. I 
toll you, neighbor Mowry, when I am obliged to resort 
to the use of such things, I shall quit practice." 

One of these conversations had been carried on for a 
pretty long time. Mowry was happy in having a neighbor 
and physician of so much moral worth, and in having for 
his adviser a man so pure that deception or guile had found 
no lodgment 'there. " Thou, hast ray fullest confidence, 
doctor, and I am grateful that my lot has l>ccn cost in a 
community that is blessed "with tho influence of so upright 
a citizen, and so careful and skilful a physician." Sitting 
beside the writer, and listening to tho foregoing conversa- 
tion, was another physician, who had been a student of 
the doctor, and who was iuclined to be particularly friendly 
to Mowry and his son Gideon and family, litis young 
physician was of more than ordinary promise, and was 
now just taking his place as a neighboring practitioner. 
Upright, for he believed to be upright was to bo useful ; to 
be honest was with him to practise the surest strategy of 

The old doctor and Mowry left the room together, leav- 
ing several who had been listening to their conversation. 
" Mercury, 19 said the young doctor, as soon as they had left 
the room ; " monstrous deception ! How my blood boiled. 
Think I don't know. I have been for a long timo in that 


old hypocrite's laboratory, and I am bound to declare in 
my integrity, that I believe from what I havo seen of that 
physician's pharmacy, there is not a doctor in the State 
of Massachusetts or Rhode Island who uses as much calo- 
mel as he does." 

Few instances indeed could be found where the mind 
had become so completely in the power of a friend as in 
the case above cited. Nor does this prove the contrary of 
what I wish here to affirm, that few men whom I havo 
known, or whose characters I have studied, possessed in so 
great a degree the power of reading another's mind as did 
the subject of this sketch. Honest himself, he hoped to 
find all others honest; guileless himself, he thought to 
find no guile in others ; strong in his faith in man, he was 
willing to judge others by his own standard. His mind 
reached mind, and subtle indeed must be the sophistry he 
could not unravel. Argument with him was a series of 
questions, rather calculated to leave his disputant to reflect,. 
and to see of his own accord that out of his own mouth 


he had condemned himself. " I raise no objections to thy 
statement. If thou canst reconcile thine answers to my 
queries in thine own mind, and make them consistent in 
themselves, then thou wilt have no occasion to change thy 
belief or course of action." 

To describe his temperament as a man is no easy task. 
Should I say he was palm in his temper, that would hardly 
reach the whole answer. He had, in no common degree, 
M calmness of mind, moderation, equanimity, tranquillity, 

But these are qualities of the man that are to a great 
extent manufactured. They are not the spontaneous out* 
croppings of wild youth. They are the growth from 
impetuous youth; they are the fruits of culture. "Ye 
shall know them by their fruit" The uncultivated vine 
brings forth the sour, snarly grape ; culture improves the 


; horticulture develops those luxuriant clusters that 
gladden the heart of the master of the vineyard, and 
challenges the admiration of those who receive the fruit. 

Irritable and passionate when young, it is easy to see tho 
struggles incident to a mind impatient of restraint Such 
was his ; and it is traceable down through all his offspring. 
His own will listened first to reason ; then felt the check 
and restraining influence of the Spartan mother of his 
children ; and finally the letting in of the love of that Being 
whom he loved supremely,— so refined the star of his soul 
that he could be calm under provocation, moderate under 
the wild excitement of the hour, and tranquil and composed 
under all the varied scenes and circumstances of life. 

His was the journey that would seem to be the ideal life, 
—the pattern for the boy; the life and character that 
should be studied by the youth of this fast and feverish 
age. The young man who takes such a character for his 
ideal may not find in it that fascinating, pleasurable com- 
panionship the gardener finds in the biennial flower, but 
the solid, calm satisfaction that the great mind feels that 
cultivates the locust that his grandchildren may scent its 
flowers, and the oak that his great-grandchildren may cool 
and refresh themselves under its branches wide-spreading 
from a trunk that has stood for a century the pride of the 

As a man of business be lived an industrious life. 
" Early to bed and early to rise/ 9 he said, was the " bird's 
lesson," and their teaching was an open book for all men. 
Not rich, he had a frugal competency ; and that compe- 
tency was all the more enjoyable as it was the creation of 
his own labor. He waited on no stock-board, nor consulted 
the morning paper to see if to-day would be a good day to 
sell beans, or to purchase Northwestern Railroad stock. 
When he had anything to sell was a good time to sell it. 
His horse was not driven so far in one day that it would 


take two days for it to return. His oxen were not re- 
quired to draw at one load what should be made two of. 
His sheep knew their shepherd. They grazed through the 
day, and had a comfortable shed to protect them from the 
storm at night His care was to see that every animal that 
had a claim on him was well fed and comfortable. Undor 
his culture his lands yielded a bountiful harrest He was 
just in all his dealings, exact in all his weights and meas- 
ures. In early life, from his small income, he saved as he 
was prospered. Generous in his impulses, he maintained 
that rural simplicity through life which breathed a fra- 
grance throughout his home and neighborhood, and with 
his industrious habits enabled him to lay aside sufficient of 
this world's goods to sustain him in his declining years. 
" Remove far from me vanity and lies ; give me neither 
poverty nor riches ; feed me with food convenient for me : 
Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, who is the Lord ? 
or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God 
in vain." (Prov. xxx. 8, 9.) 

I wish here to say a word of his literary tastes and 

First of all, ha held and regarded the Holy Scriptures as 
the foundation and the guide in selecting all reading. I 
have heard him say, " No sun should pass the meridian 
without shining on the open page of the family Bible/ 9 
His reading was varied, but confined mainly to that sub* 
stautial literature that he regarded as the solid food for 
the mind. To the choice of his reading may be attributed 
in a great measure the even balance of his mind. He was 
wont to say, " Show me a man's library, and I will write 
out his manner of treating all subjects that pass in review 
before him." 

To him Milton was the masterpiece of all uninspired 
writers of the world. Shakespeare he thought had done 
loss in his writings than had Milton. Shakespeare's por- 


trayal of human character he regarded as standing un- 
rivaled. But he looked upon Milton's "Areopagitica " as 
the masterpiece of the world's orations. 

Milton's u Monody of Lycidas" he considered a pro- 
duction in itself sufficient to immortalize the author's name. 
He hung with infinite delight on the closing lines, made, 
familiar by being repeatedly quoted. 

" Weep no mora, woful shepherds! weep no more, 
Tor Lyoidas, your sorrow, it not dead, 
Sunk though ha be beneath the watery floor; 
So sinks the day-star in the ocean-bod, 
And yet anon repairs his drooping head, 
And tricks his beams, and, with new spangled ore. 
Flames in the forehead of the morning sky: 
So Lyeidas sunk low, bat mounted high, 
Through the dear might of Him that walk'd the waves; 
Where other groves and other streams along, 
With nectar pure his ooty locks he lares, 
And heats the unexpressive nuptial song, 
In the blest kingdoms meek of Joy and lore* 
There entertain him all the saints above, 
In solemn troops and sweet societies, 
That sing, and, singing, in their glory move, 
And wipe the tears forever from his eyes." 

One of Milton's first productions, on the death of his 
sister's infant, whom he apostrophises, — 

14 fairest flower! no sooner blown but blasted! 
Soft silken primrose, fading tlmelessly! " 

was to him the germ of the embryo poet. 

With 1 htm, " Paradise Lost" was only equaled by 
■" Paradise Regained/' 

▲ quotation from u Paradise Lost," and one from 
44 Paradise Regained," is all I need make to show what 
irere his favorite passages. 

To him Book HL was the book of " Paradise Lost." 
This whole book was to him a splendor around and 
through which in nothing short of inspiration had ap- 
peared Such strength and beauty of thought 


Even James Montgomery says of this book in his 
Memoir, " Milton transcends himself. 99 

The query of the great God himself in this Book,— 


" Say, heavenly powers, where than we find such lovef 
Which of ye wiU be mortal, to redeem 
Man's mortal crime; and just, the unjust to savef 
Dwells In all heaven charity so dear ? " 

The son's offer to descend to the grave, and his faith^in 
his father that he would not let him remain there when 
the debt was paid : — 


Father, thy word is pass'd, man shaU find grace: 

And shall grace not find means, that finds her way, 

The speediest of thy winged messengers, 

To visit all thy creatures, and to all 

Comes unprevented, unimplored, unsought? 

Happy for man, so coming; he her aid 

Can never seek, once dead in sins, and lost; . 

Atonement for himself, or offering meet, 

Indebted and undone, hath none to bring: 

Behold me, then, me for him, life for life . 

I offer; on me lot thy anger fall; 

Account me man; I for his sake will leave 

Thy bosom, and this glory next to thee 

Freely pat off, and for him lastly die 

Well pleased; on me let Death wreak all his rage; 

Under his gloomy power I shall not long 

Lie vanquished; thou hast given me to possess 

life in myself forever; by thee I live, 

Though now to Death I yield, and am his due, 

All that of me can die; yet, that debt paid, 

Thou wilt not leave me in the loathsome grave, 

His prey, nor suffer my unspotted soul 

Forever with oorruption there to dwell; 

But I shall rise victorious, sad subdue 

My vanquisher, spoil'd of his vaunted spoil; 

Death his death's wound shall then receive, and stoop 

Inglorious, of his mortal sting disarm'cL 

I, through the ample air, in triumph high 

ShaU lead hell captive, mangre hell, and show 

The power of darkness bound. Thou, at the sight 

Pleased, out of heaven shalt look down, and smile, 


"While, by thee raised, I ruin all my foes, 
Death last and with bit careaae glut the grave; 
Then, with the multitude of my redeem'd, 
•Shall enter heaven, long absent, and return, 
Father, to see thy face, wherein no oloud 
Of anger shall remain, but peace assured 
And reconcilement; wrath shall be no more 
Thenceforth, but in thy presence Joy entire." 

The Father's taring reply, in which He extols the Son's 
condescending lore, and declares, — 

"because in thee 
Love hath abounded more than glory abounds, 
Therefore thY humiliation shall exalt 
With thee thy manhood also to this throne; 
Here shalt thou sit Incarnate, here shalt reign 
Both God sad man. Son both of God and man, 
Anointed universal king; all power 
I give thee; reign forever, and assume 
Thy merits; under thee, as head supreme, 
Thrones, princedoms, powers, dominions, I reduce; 
All knees to thee shall bow, of them that bide 
In heaven, or earth, or under earth In hell*" 

" But, all ye gods, 
Adore him who, to compass all this, dies; 
Adore the Son, and honor him as me." 

• '.& 

He believed that the production of " Paradise Regained " 
•was not an original idea of Milton's, But being asked if 
^ Paradise Lost " was not imperfect without a " Paradise 
Regained," he answered the query by bending all his ener- 
gies to the task of producing a poem in u Paradise Re* 
.gained " worthy of his later years. 

It was the completeness of " Paradise Regained " that 
commended itself to the understanding of Howry. Ifo 
looked upon " Paradise Lost " as leaving the roader grop- 
ing in darkness* " It seems to mo as a discouragement 
to mankind, calculated to cast a gloom over the thinking 
mind, that needed a * Paradise Regained ' to give it that 
lope which bringeth joy. * Paradise Regained/ 9 ' said 


he, " is complete, a strong chain without one imperfect 
link." The following, from Book IV., was a favorite pas- 
sage with him, as one of the many of great strength and 
overwhelming power. 

" III wait thou shrouded then, 
O patient Son of God! yet only stood 9 tt 
Unshaken I Nor yet staid the terror there ! 
Infernal ghoecs and hellish furies round 
Environ' d thee; some howl'd, some yell'd, some shriek'd, 
Somo bent on thee their Aery darts, while thou 
Sat 1 it unappall'd in calm and sinless peaoe. 
Thus pass'd the night so foul, till morning fair 
Ciuuo forth with pilgrim stops, in amies gray; 
Who, with her radiant finger, still' d the roar 
Of thunder, chased the clouds, and laid the winds, 
And grisly spectres, which the fiend .had raised 
To tempt the Son of God with terrors dire. 
And now the sun, with more effectual beams, 
Had cheer 1 d the face of earth, and dried the wet 
From drooping plant or dropping tree; the birds, 
Who all things now behold more* fresh and green 
•After 'a night of storm so ruinous, 
Clour* d up their choicest notes in bush and spray, . 
To gratulate the sweet return of morn." 

It has already been said that the subject of this memoir- 
was three times married. It is enough to say that theso 
unions woro more happy and felicitous tlian generally 
falls to the lot of weak humanity. I might stop to point 
out the peculiarities of his wives, but it seems enough to* 
say that each in her allotted time was to him a bright 
particular light, that shone on his path, reflecting a goodly 
influence. But when I hear a man who has lived a mar- 
ried life twoscore and ten years and more, say he has. 
never felt the little home earthquakes or family jars, I feeL 
like saying, as did the good minister who, on calling on 
an old parishioner, was welcomed and introduced by the 
old gentleman to his wife, with the astonishing statement 
that he and his wife had lived together for nearly three- 


score years, and never daring the whole time had anything 
arisen to cause the least unpleasantness between them. 
" Monotonous ; terribly monotonous !" was the good visitor's 
reply. Not unfrequently do we hear the expression, " His 
wife was the making of him." There is no doubt that the 
wife is many times the " making " of the man in the sense 
intended to be conveyed hy the expression ; but some- 
times she is the unmaking of him. Happy indeed is that;? 
man, and fortunate the woman, who, as tlio close of a long 
life approaches, can say, " When young I looked forward in 
my early life and saw what I have realized, a happy matri- 
monial future ! " Mowry could say this ; and in that short 
sentence is contained the brightest and most graphic praise 
and commendation of those of whom it is spoken. 

I have mentioned his conversion. It seems to have been 
instantaneous and miraculous. There seemed to have been 
no preparation for it. In fact, his life had been such as not 

, to invite growth in goodness, which is sometimes taken for 
godliness. There seems to have been no previous prepara- 
tion in the cose of the eunuch spoken of in the 8th chap- 
ter of the Acts of the Apostles. Philip, in this case, far 
away from the busy world, finds a man of business wending 

.his solitary way, returning to his home. Philip forced* 
himself upon the eunuch's attention, rode with him till they, 

. came to a certain water, and then baptized him, putting 
only one question first to the eunuch. 

Whatever form or latitude may be allowed or may ap- 
pear in this matter, this appears, that from the time the 
subject of this memoir said to his companions in the ball- 
room, " I cannot act my part," he was a new man. 

To show his consistency as a man and subsequent Chris- 
tian, I may be allowed to introduce some of the sayings of 
his neighbors as testimony in his behalf. As the persons 
whose sayings I introduce have all passed away, I shall not 
seem to be personal. 

160 thb nowby family. 

" I never saw him mad."— Jacob Aldrich. 

" When he was younger, and worked, he was always cheer* 
fnl and happy. I never heard him use an idle word." — 
Seth Aldrich. 

" The only Quaker in the neighborhood that minds his 
own business and lives as he professes." — Welcome Jeph* 

" Whoever writes his history will not be obliged to force 
his words to make him a Rood man, a good neighbor, and 
consistent religionist*" — Nahum Morse. 

" I have changed from Infidelity to Universalism, and 
from Universalism to a Restoratiouist, in which faith I see 
my path clear and smooth to and beyond the river. I am 
consoled by my faith in the goodness of God. I believe 
in his own good time he will restore all things, and bring 
all to happiness and holiness* You, neighbor Mowry, have 
consistently held to one doctrine and one iaith* That 
faith seems to strengthen with you the longer you cling to 
it. You find the sufficiency of Christ to be Quakerism m 
very deed* The happy confidence you express seems to re* 
assure me. The 150th Psalm seems to have been written 
expressly for you. 

44 ' 1. Praiso ye the Lord* Praise God in the sanctu- 
ary; praise him in the firmament of his power. 

" ' 2. Praise him for his mighty acts ; praise him ac- 
cording to bis excellent greatness* 

Ui 8. Praise him with the sound of the trumpet; praise 
him with the psaltery and harp* 

44 ' 4. Praise him with tho timbrel and dance ; praise 
him with stringed instruments and organs* 

" * 5. Praise him upon the loud cymbals ; praise liim 
upon tho high-soauding cymbals. 

" ' 8. Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord, 
Praise ye the Lord*' 

u I sit at my door and see you at your home. Your 


quiet and loving kindness encourages me, and I trust we 
can both of us say with the Psalmist, ' Yea, though I walk 
through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no 
evil; for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they 
comfort me/ (Psalm xxiii. 4.) "—Job Pitts, at 92. 

Let me here digress to say a word of this Mr. Pitts. I 
have intimated that he was a near neighbor of Mowry. 
They lived one fourth of a mile apart, and lived thus for 
more than half a eentury. About the year 1831, Job Pitts, 
Bichard Howry, Benjamin Buffum, and Levi Lapham met 
at the house of Job Pitts for a religious meeting, or " sit* 
ting," as Mowry and Lapham would say, as Quakers. Buf- 
f urn aud Lapham lived about four and one half miles from 
the house of Pitts, in the adjoining town of Douglas. 
These four, men had met many a time and discussed relig- 
ious topics, sometimes at the house of one aud sometimes 
at the house of another. Pitts and Buffum were men of 
fiery dispositions, unlike in temperament to Mowry and 
Lapham. Or if Mowry and Lapham were once fiery and 
vehement, they now, at their advanced age, had taught 
themselves, or had boeu taught by the religiou they pro- 
fessod, to be quiet and calm, as I have said of Mowry be- 

Buffum had been for a long time feeble, aud of tcntimc* 
confined to his houso for weeks aud mouths at a time; 
He appeared to be greatly in earnest to secure a hope for 
the future, and frequently, when confined to his house and 
bed, invited Lapham and Mowry to hold " sittings " at his 
house, inviting his neighbors to be present and join witlr 
the family in religious exercises. These meetings uaturaliy 
cultivated, besides a religious interest, a neighborly frater- 
nal feeling that ripened into a strong regard for each other. 
Buffum, though professing to no creed nor doctrine, favored 
most the Quakers. With these feelings they met at the 
house of Pitts. 


It was a cold autumnal day, aud Buffum camo iu an open 
wagon wrapped in a bed-quilt, so much indisposed and fee- 
ble that he was accompanied by two of his grandsons, who 
took him by main strength out of his wagon aud carried 
him into the house. Well does the writer remember hi* 
passing by the house of Pitts, and driving into Mowry'a 
yard, and then returniug back to the house of Pitts. Ho 
did not get out at the house of Mowry, but after a few 
minutes 9 conversation drove back to the house of Pitts. 

The writer accompanied Mowry to Pitta's houso, and was. 
present at a part of the protracted and earnest interviow 
of these four patriarchs. Few men, minister or layman, 
have lived that could repeat from memory as many passages, 
and texts of Scripture as could " neighbor Pitts/' as he waa 
familiarly called by " neighbor Mowry." These kindly greet- 
ings were characterized by an earnest hope for each other's 
happiness hereafter, and triumphant entrance into their 
heavenly . homes. Long and pleasant was this interview* 
Each seemed to think and dwell upon the probability that it 
was the last meeting at which all would he present. Com- 
forting passages wore recited by each, setting forth his 
hope and belief ; and although not agreed perfectly in be- 
lief, there was a feeling of community that seemed to be 
satisfactory to each. But as the sun descended, and even- 
ing approached, Buffum brought forward somo favorite 
passage of Scripture, that Pitts accepted as a thrust at his 
settled belief in Restoration, at which he took offence. 
Words rang loud, till the house of kindly greeting waa 
turned into a house of bedlam. Scarcely able to rise, 
Pitts, iu his eagerness to be heard, kicked Buff urn's shins. 
This was too much for even patriarchal forbearance. Buf- 
fum would take nor hear no explanation ; Pitts would give 
no apology. Mowry remarked, " I believe it is time for 
me to go homo." Buffum's grandsons carried him to hia 
wagon. They separated, each to go to his home. This was 


indeed their last meeting on earth. Not long after tin* 
Mowry and Lapham laid their hats on Buffum's coffin, as 
each in turn stood by his remains to pay his last word of 
tribute and respect to their neighbor and friend, and to sym- 
pathize with the large family of four generations— widow, 
children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren — assem- 
bled around the remains of their patriarchal head. 

Buffum passed away. Soon Pitts followed. I stood by * 
his bedside when ho ceased to breathe. Then was hushed, 
and sealed all that appeared to mortal view. The mortal 
remains of the patriarch lost their animation. A long resi- 
dent had gone. A neighbor of Mowry had left him. The - 
neighborhood and town had lost its oldest inhabitant^ 
who for ninety-six years had been doing much good. 
and little harm ; one who wished to benefit all and 'injure* 
none. Mowry sat silent at the funeral of this venerable* 
neighbor, and listened to a discourse from one who now isi 
widely known, and a venerable resident of Hopedale iu! 
Massachusetts. .»! 

Adin Ballou preached his funeral sermon to a large coiwt 
course of friends and neighbors. Many times since has* 
the writer heard him, the acceptable, eloquent, sympa- 
thetic sympathizer at funerals. He was a man on whom 
Pitts leaned in life. Ballou, at his funeral, dwelt with elo-r 
quent fervor on the Restoration ists' faith, which had been, 
the patriarch's faith and hope in life., r< 

Not long after the death of Mr. Pitts, Lapham sudden lyi 
passed away. Here Mowry was called upon to attend his* 
funeral, both by the dying request of Lapham, and by his* 
own sympathetic relationship to him. 

I have spoken of these three in connection with the- 
name of Mowry, because I wished to introduce the meeting, 
of the four at the house of Mr. Pitts. I shall, before L 
come to speak of the last hours and fraternal bosom friend*- 
of Mowry, introduce other names who stood shoulder to 


shoulder with him in the church, and labored with him to 
build and enlarge the number of church members. 

" The 8d month, 1770, the Smithfield monthly meeting 
ordered a meeting house to be built a little southerly of 
Moses Farnums, Jrs., by the side of ye great road." 

" 4 month, 1770, concluded, To build the same 85 ft 
long by 80 ft broad." 

" 5 month, 1771. Adam Harkness, William Buffum and 
David Steoro, do Report yt they find the whole cost of 
building the Brick meeting-house to amount to £206— 
S— 1* 

It will be seen that the date of the committee's report on 
the whole expenses of building the brick meeting-house is 
seven years before the date of the deed of Benjamin Archer 
to Richard Mowry. Doubtless finding this meeting-house 
built here only two miles from the Archer place was a great 
inducement for him to purchase a home in that vicinity. 
Then in this neighborhood were many sterling Quakers 
with their Spartan wives, that made a neighborhood conge* 
irial to his taste. 

The early settlements of TTxbridge and the adjoining 
towns were made by men who knew the right and had a 
will to pursue it Among the Quakers whom Mowry had 
for neighbors were Moses Farnum, Royal Southwick, the 
Bassetts, the Emersons, the Tofts, the Aldriches, the 
Spragues, the Shove;, the Batteys, the Fosters, the Gaskills, 
and others. 

Many of these were men that made their marie, and con- 
tributed their share of influence with the other sterling 
men of the place, not Quakers, to make Uxbridge one of 
the most desirable towns permanently to locate in to be 
found in the whole length of the delightful valley of the 
Blackstone. I have alluded to the " Brick " Quaker meet* 
ing-house which was built u a little southerly of Moses Far- 
nums, Jrs., by the side of the great road." There it 

3 X 


standi now, in this year of the Lord 1878, a monument of 
the enterprise of those early Quakers who erected it. One 
hundred and eight years old ! It stands now similar in 
appearance to what it was one hundred years ago. 

Its brick walls show 1 no signs of decay. Its plain roof, 
with no ornamented jets, appears as it did when first 
finished* Its small L, with a doorway on the south and 
west, remains now as then. The same doors swing now on 
the old-fashioned strap hinges as swung then. The win* 
dowSy with their 6x8 glass, hare not been replaced by 
larger panes, that are now considered indispensable for 
lighting the parlors of the mansions of the rich, nor bv 
the stained and many-colored glass that is now deemed 
necessary in modern churches to let in the light of the son 
of righteousness. Nor yet, if the times are just a little 
degenerate, and if the Quakers hare found that Quakerism 
must change to keep pace with the times, enough, just 
enough, just a little, to let in the music of the piano into 
the worship, — has the devil's healing medium, blue glass, 
been inserted there. 

On the inside, the uncushioned bench furnishes seats free 
to all who may come in out of curiosity, or to sit and invite 
the incoming of the holy spirit to dwell in their hearts. 
True, here the drowsy worshiper may be awakened by the 
tramp of some heavy boots on the uncarpeted floor, if 
perchance he should enter past the eleventh hour (the 
stereotyped hour for meeting). Here the seats are free. 
I never in all my life yet have seen a notice of a Quaker 
meeting put up, " Seats free and no collection." 

There are two sheds for the comfort and safety of 
Friends 9 horses,-* one in a southeasterly and one in a 
northwesterly direction from the meeting-house. 

This romantic spot, by the " side of ye great road," is. 
now very much as when the corner-stone of this structure 
laid. A little spot around the church edifice is cleared, 


and is now covered by stinted grass, while a little farther 
from the door are shrubs and brush and trees. On the 
northerly and easterly sides run roads that hare marked 
the boundaries of the " meeting-house lot " for more than 
a century. In 1825 the entrance from the northwesterly 
and the easterly sides were barred by gates, but now only 
the stone gate-posts remain, and the " lot " is open for all. 
Altogether this is one of the most romantic spots in all 
New England* The primitive simplicity of. the church 
edifice, and the natural picturesqueness of the grounds, 
make the place one of enchantmeut The layman pauses 
before he enters to cool himself in the rural shades of " ye 
great wood," and the u minister " rests himself on some 
one of the many natural seats that everywhere present 
themselves, to drink in the inspiration of this sanctuary 
of nature, that be may the more forcibly electrify his 
hearers when the spirit moves him to speak. 

Shakespeare could have found no more appropriate spot 
in which to delineate the character of mankind than hero 
is presented. Nor could sightless Milton's daughters, act- 
ing amanuenses, have found for him a more soul-inspir- 
ing spot. Shakespeare's delineation of human character 
was penned while sitting by the babbling brook. Milton, 
with his sightless eyes to heaven turned, seated his daugh- 
ters between, penned his most inspiring verses under 
nature's leafy shade. 

Here the u Quaker preacher " from the sunny Carolinas, 
New York, Pennsylvania, Maine, New Hampshire, Massa- 
chusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, and even from 
old England, stood and exhorted as they were moved upon 
by the holy spirit to persuade men, preaching the way of 
eternal life. Here the Misses Grouchy told the horrible 
tales of slavery, and in words of fiery eloquence seconded 
Garrison's persistent efforts to make Massachusetts the 
first State in the Union that was soon to decree what Eng- 
land's poet had sung, " Slaves cannot breathe ita England. 



Hero Mowry and Southwick weekly told the same, same 
old story of Jesus' love for more thau half a century. 
Hore from 1771 to now have the Quakers of " Uxbridge 
monthly meeting" sat monthly in council, guided by the 
true rule of sound ecclesiastical discipline, " not to aggra- 
vate nor palliate" the errors and sins of commission nor 
•omission of their fraternal brethren. 

It would be interesting if I could here insert the first 
attempt Mowry ever made at public speaking. I would 
like to compare it with the ready flow of ideas and fluent 
spoech tliat characterised his preaching in later days ; but 
unfortunately very few Quaker sermons have been reported 
«j delivered. Not unfrequently is it the case that the 
soundest men are very poor speakers ; and many of the 
great orators of the world have taken their ideas from 
obscure men who were unable to present them to the world 
themselves, or to connect them so as to give them force or 
power. Even the world's greatest law-giver, Moses, when 
the Lord gave him direction to go to Pharoah, excused 
himself because he was not an Orator ; and the Lord gave 
him a man to go with him to put his wisdom in suitable 
language to have his ideas make an impression. " And 
Hoses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go to Pha- 
raoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel 
out of Egypt?" (Ex. iii. 11.) "And Moses said unto 
the Lord, my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither hereto- 
fore, nor since thou hast spoken unto thy servant ; but I 
am slow of speech, and of slow tongue/ 9 (Ex. iv. 10.) 
44 And the anger of the Lord was kiudlod against Moses, 
and he said, Is not Aarou the Levite thy brother ? I know 
he can speak well." (Ex. iv. 14.) " And he shall be thy 
spokesman unto the people ; and he shall be, even he shall 
be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him 
instead of God." (Ex. ir. 16.) 

This seems to have been the ease with many of the " ap- 
proved " ministers of the denomination of Friends, some of 


whom hare subsequently been led by the spirit to become 
most fluent and impressive speakers. As a preacher, Mowry 
was everywhere held in high esteem as a clear-headed, sound 
teacher. His discourses were listened to with marked 
attention, and commented upon as being clear from 
" Quaker effervescence " (a criticism f requeutly applied to 
the Friends, though not in good taste, nor sound in appli- 
cation). Every word seemed to tell and to come from the 
heart. He never ventured above the most commonplace lan- 
guage, yet liis appeals would be so backed by the applica- 
tion of Scripture teachings that they commeuded them- 
selves to the understanding and consideration of his hear- 
ers. A few plain sentences spoken, and the hearers see 
that the speaker knew whereof he affirmed, and was 
•teaching of a subject that had been well defined in his 
study. His remarks were always of that practical charac- 
ter that would be remembered and commented upon both in 
the near and the distant future. In all his preaching, and 
in olL his private religious conversations, he dwelt with, 
particular emphasis on the divinity of Christ 

While there was an unexplainable difference between the 
true Quaker and the Presbyterian-Orthodox, he agreed with 
William Penn, who says the question between him and hie 
opposers was," Whether we owned one Godhead subsisting- 
in three distinct and separate persons." The latter words 
Pcnn argued against as unscriptural, but to prevent a mist* 
construction of his views, says : " Mistake me not ; we never 
have denied a Father, Word, and Spirit, which are one ; 
but men's interventions." 

Could I be permitted, at more than forty years after 
his death, from memory to make an extract from one of 
his sermons, to show his style of speaking, I could not come 
nearer to it than to use the words of Elisha Bates. After 
summing up the outlines of religion, Bates says, in 
Doctrines of Friends, — 


u But mark the contrast ! The mind clings with eager* 
ness to objects, transient in their duration, or inimical to 
happiness in their nature. Examine the whole scope of 
human affairs, from the most innocent, to the darkest 
shades of depravity and sin. Consider for a moment what 
would be the consequences, if the restraints of religion 
were removed, and all the passions of the human heart 
were let loose without control. From this state of deprav- 
ity and wretchedness the restraints of religion withhold ; 
and not only from this miserable condition here on earth, 
but from that dreadful abyss of horror, of which it would 
form but an imperfect prelude. But let us draw a more 
moderate picture. Suppose ourselves engrossed by those 
objects and pursuits called innocent, deriving from them 
all the enjoyment without once looking beyond them. 
How poor, how precarious would be our pleasures, for they 
could not deserve the name of happiness. How liable 
would they be to be blasted by every breeze, and how 
awful would our situation be when summoned to leave 
them forever, without one ray to light our prospects to a 
happy eternity ! 

44 'How shocking must thy summons be, 

O Death! 
To Ida that Is at ease in his possessions.'— Blair. 

" Religion, therefore, through the influence of the holy 
spirit, saves us from the miseries of sin, and. the conse- 
quences of ungoverned passions, both in time and in 
eternity. It leaves us in the full enjoyment of the real 
comforts of life, rendered a thousand times sweeter than 
they can be under the influences of corrupt inclinations. 
It serves as a sanctuary to which we can resort when 
every earthly comfort fails ; and opens to our prospects, 
and to our spirits, when separated from these tenements 
of clay, a glorious immortality." 

To say directly is always to communicate what one has 


to express intelligently. A neighbor of Mowry had a small 
house a little way from the one he occupied himself , in 
which lived a goodly kind of a man who worked for him 
on his farm. One fine morning this man approached 
Howry with the salutation, " Good-morning, Mr. Minister 
Mowry." — " Good-morning, my friend ; how art thou this 
morning ? " was the reply. " Mr Richardson wants you to 
do a bit of service for him/ 9 said he. " And what does 
4 neighbor 9 Richardson want? 99 inquired Mowry. "My 
child is dead, and Mr. Richardson wants you to come up 
to-day at two o'clock." — "Tell neighbor Richardson I 
will come. But does thee wish me to come ? " — " Oh, yes, 
our baby is dead, and Mr. Richardson said I had better 
come and ask you to come up ; he said he knew you M 
come. My wife is very sorry the little boy is dead ; and 
we did n 9 t know, being as how you f s good, you 9 d like to 
come and say something." This dialogue is reported from 
memory by one who heard it, and is very nearly word for 
word as it occurred forty-eight years ago. 

All along, at longer or shorter intervals, was Mowry 
called upon to do M the bit of service " for " our baby"; 
for the youth ; for full manhood ; for the old ; for all, 
from the infant to the gray-headed and bowed down ; for 
the rich, for the poor, did he perform very frequently in 
all the circle around " the bit of service." Not to those 
of the Quaker denomination alone was his labors in this 
direction extended. He was the acceptable friend to all. 
. His " broad brim " was welcomed by all persuasions. His 
plain, practical doctrines suited all on these melancholy 
occasions. When the great fountains of grief were broken 
up, and family circles severed, his great sympathetic heart 
seemed to call down the " elder brother " to give that peqce 
which He alone could impart. 

Among his contemporaries who belonged to the .same 
yearly meeting of Friends, I would mention a few of his 


coworkers as near and dear friends and companions. In 
his own town were Royal Southwick, Moses Farnnm, Jo 
siah Shove, Jonathan Emerson, and Joseph Bassett. In 
Providence, R. L, were Moses Brown, born in 1738 ; Oba- 
diah Brown, born in 1771 ; and William Alraey, born in 
1761. In Fall River, he always mentioned with much 
feeling the Chases, and in New Bedford the Howiands. 
Besides in all these localities were many in whom he put 
great trust, and regarded as alike men of piety and to 
whom was intrusted the hopes and destinies of the Quaker 

Among the younger Friends in Mowry's day, in whom 
he had much confidence as those that were men of discre- 
tion, I would mention, in Berlin, Mass., Jonathan Fry and 
Jonathan Wheeler ; in Northbridge, were Paul Aldrich, 
Paul Wing, Benjamin Wheeler, and Zebulon Sprague ; in 
Uxbridge, were Effingham L. Capron, Edward Foster, 
Richard Battey, Ephraim Bassett, Jona. F. . Southwick, 
Joseph Oaskill, and Daniel H. Aldrich; in Worcester, 
Pliny Earie, Anthony Chace, and John Milton Earle. 

Royal Southwick deserves more than a bare mention. 
He was an approved preacher of the Society of Friends, 
and lived a quiet and blameless life. As a man, he was 
above the general average ; and as a preacher, he seemed 
gifted beyond ordinary speakers of the denomination. 
Quiet in his demeanor among men, his words carried 
uncommon weighty* coming from a bring heart, and as 
the product of a sound and reflective mind. Not brilliant 
in conversation, he seemed imbued with a double portion 
of gifts when publicly addressing a congregation. 

To say that Quaker preaching is the gift of inspiration 
<& the moment, is, it always seemed to me, doing injustice 
to the speakers of the sect. There is a quiet preparation 
of the heart that seems to burst forth with great power 
when a suitable opportunity presents itself. Not in tlieo- 


logical institutions, in the common acceptation of the 
term, is this preparation ; but the preparation is continu- 
ally going on with the quiet avocations of evory-day life. 
There is an inspiration quietly being perfected in the busi- 
ness hours of the day, but more perfectly and more power- 
fully in the still hours of the night. 

I once heard a respected Quaker say, " Some say they go 
to bed and spend a portion of the night planning some money 
scheme ; but I, when I lay me down for the night, listen 
to the quiet teachings of .that loving spirit that always has 
a message of love to all who will listen to it In this way 
I am refreshed and strengthened for the battles of life. I 
ask to be taught, and the teaching comes to me ; I ask for 
a blessing, and by asking for it I am prepared to receive it." 

The Quaker preacher asks in the solitude of the leafy- 
wood, in the excitement of the harvest-field, in the shop of 
the mechanic, in the silent hours of night, for the prepara- 
tion to preach the word of God ; likewise in his journey to 
the house of worship he drinks in the inspiration that will 
break forth to the edification of those who may hear him 
at the proper time in public worship. In this quiet way 
was the mind of this pious preacher, Royal Southwick, 
prepared to preach acceptably at all times and all proper 
occasions. In this way are all Quaker preachers prepared 
for the service God puts upon them. Many times they 
approach the task trembling, and pray lest they should 
have a sin of omission to answer for. . 

As this memoir is intended for a family keepsake more 
than for the general public, I may be pardoned for intro- 
ducing a short anecdote just here. This incident occurred 
when Mowry was in the yean of his active maturity. 

The reader will remember that I have said in the earlier 
part of this memoir that Mowry took occasion to say 
he always came off conqueror in his favorite sport of 
wrestling. If this may be called vanity, then the same 
vanity followed him through life. 


I well remember hearing him speak of his ride on 
horseback to attend the quarterly mooting of Friends in 
Providence, R. L, which place was about twenty-five miles 
from his residence in Uxbridge. He rode a fine spirited 
animal that had for years obeyed the slightest sign from 
his master. As lie jogged along he chanced to come up 
with a man also on horseback, and entered into conversa- 
tion with him. The stranger remarked to him, " I perceive 
by your dress and speech, my friend, that yon belong to 
the denomination called Quaker." — Thou hast truly said/ 9 
was the reply. u And where do you travel to-day ? " in- 
quired his interlocutor. " I am traveling to Providence to 
attend the quarterly meeting of Friends."— " And, sir, 
may I inquire who is to be the preacher at the meeting you 
•speak of ?"— u Probably there may be several Friends 
there who may be moved to speak."—" Well, I don't care as 
much about the Quaker meeting as I do about the colt you 
ride. . I know something about a horse, but not much 
about Quakerism. I noticed whin you came up with mo 
that you had a fine colt. I should think her too young to 
carry you, —or thee y I suppose I should say." — " And how 
old dost thou think my colt is?" inquired Mowry. 
u Well, not more than four, —hardly that"— " Well, my 
friend," said Mowry, " if thou knowest less of Quakerism 
than thou dost about a horse, thou spoke truly, when thou 
aaidst thou knew but little of Quakerism ; my mare is 
iwentp4kree fears old." — " Good-morning, sir ; I must 
hasten on," remarked the stranger, as he put spurs to his 
horse and rode away from the twenty-three-year-old colt. 

As the stranger hurried on, a turn in the road carried 
him out of sight . Following on at a pretty sharp gait, 
Mowry soon overtook the stranger again, and in spite of 
his urging his horse came up alongside of him. As he 
oame alongside, Mowry quietly said, " Neighbor, circum- 
stances have again brought us together. My mare is older 


than she was when we parted company ; dost thou thiuk 
the colt will be able to make the journey?"—" Well, 
neighbor Broadbrim, to tell the truth, I was badly fooled. 
I certainly thought you was fooling me when you said the 
mare was twenty-three, and I was as badly surprised to find 
myself in your company again, by the fact that I could not 
keep out of it, with a horse that I certainly, judging by 
appearances, thought could gain one mile in four of your 
mare. I am content to ride in company with a man that 
I must own that I could not get away from." They 
journeyed pleasantly together till the stranger's route 
obliged him to take a different street, when they arrived 
in the city of Providence, not, however, without each wish* 
ing the other a prosperous and happy future. 

44 But he said unto them, except I shall see in his 
hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the 
print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will 
not believe." (John xx. 25.) 

As a preacher, Mowry always appealed to the intelligence 
and judgment of his hearers. It is so because it is so, was 
not his faith. He asked no one to accept his faith because 
it seemed satisfactory to iiim, but counseled all to examine 
for themselves. The Lord had led him. He had called him 
from the ball-room to the preacher's stand, and he could not 
hold his peace. " Excitement is not religion," said he. " My 
judgment is my faith." 

In personal appearance he was about five feet six and a 
half inches high ; strong and solidly built ; square across 
the shoulders; broad forehead; large, full, penetrating* 
eyes, which were exceedingly piercing, when that deep ear* 
neatness which was his characteristic took possession of 
him in his public ministry. The fire of the eye seemed to 
act as a forerunner, going before his words as a vanguard 
of the forthcoming argument. 

He left his plough in the field, his carpenter's tools ceased 


their hum and clatter, when the time arrived for his'attend- 
ance on public worship, either at home, or in an adjoining 
town or a neighboring State. His journeyings and travels 
as a preacher extended over a long series of years, and in 
no instance does it appear that anywhere or on an y occa- 
sion he pat his Lord and Master to shame. On the con- 
trary, he was the well-received guest wherever night over- 
took him among his persuasion, and a welcome occupant in 
the sanctuary on the " Friends 9 High Seat 19 

Numerous instances could be cited where he received not 
only the hearty congratulations of his Quaker hearers, but 
many are the flattering testimonials of his intelligent hear- 
ers not of the denomination of Friends, to his gifted hand- 
ling of the Word of Ood, making it a power unto salva- 
tion, — so much so, that when he was announced to be in a 
certain locality a second time, he was sure to have a large 
and appreciative attendance of those who were not accus- 
tomed to attend regularly the Quaker meeting in the place. 

His last tour on a journey of congratulations and preach- 
ing was to New Bedford, Mass., taking in his circuit See- 
konk, Fall River, and stopping at the principal places 
where there were Friends to entertain him. The writer 
was with him through this journey, about the year 1832 ; 
and although then quite young, I shall always retain in my 
memory the witnessing of the flattering and cordial greet- 
ings with which he was universally received. 

In this tour, his last and closing patriarchal journey, 
the family " sitting " was one of the favorite and seemingly 
one of the most profitable methods he took to cement the 
brotherhood of Friends in one universal concord of unim- 
porishable good-will and fraternal activity for the good of 
the future as well as the present hour. I now seem to see 
the family group in Fall River, composed of the aged 
grandsire, and all the younger members of the family, to- 
gether with the neighbors, congratulating each other, at 



the close of the family u sitting," for the refreshing sea* 
son they had been permitted to enjoy. 

I well remember his conversation with his son before he 
set out on this journey. His son thought his age and some* 
what failing health made it imprudent for him to undertake 
this journey, which he had had for a considerable time in 
contemplation. But it seemed to him he must go. In this 
tour he made a visit to his daughter (then a widow) and 
his grandson in Dartmouth. It appeared to him that this 
was to be the closing journey of his life ; and so it was. 
His soul realized that it was near its rest. The earthly tab- 
ernacle was dissolving, and ready to burst asunder to give 
flight to his soul in its journey home. From this time he 
was contented to attend the meetings in his own town, and 
occasionally the monthly and quarterly meetings in the 
neighboring towns. 

Did space permit, I should like to make some compari- 
sons to show what his life might have been, judging from 
his temperament and opportunities, without the striking 
religious element that entered into his character. But I 
must content myself with what I have said, leaving the 
reader to judge if he would not have been an average man 
without his religious element ; and if the ideal man that 
he was, was not the outgrowth of his religious culture. I 
believe . that rough humanity may be, and often is, con* 
verted into the ideal man, of whom Jesus Christ was the 
great exemplar, by ingrafting upon that humanity the 
religion of that Christ,— changed as the fruit of the tree 
is changed by the grafting of the better scion into the old 

" If a man die shall he live again T All the days of my 
appointed time will I wait, till my change come." (Job 
ziv. 14.) u Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth 
to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation T " 
(Heb. i. 14.) " And devout men carried Stephen to his 


1, and made great lamentation over him. 91 (Acts 
TiiL 2.) 

It was apparent to all who had been acquainted with the 
subject of this memoir, that as the year 1884 was drawing 
to a close, he was fast nearing his home eternal. 

His step grew faltering, his thoughts seemed unusually 
grare, and physically and mentally it appeared that the 
great change was about to take place. 

As the ripening wheat indicates day by day the time for 
the husbandman to thrust in the sickle ; so the patriarch, 
by gradual changing day by day, indicated that soon the 
scenes on earth that had known him so long, would soon 
know him no more. Cheerfully, in the full possession of 
all his mental faculties, did he contemplate the fast 
approaching change. He looked upon death as an entrance 
upon an eternal liring. His whole life, and his demeanor 
now that death approached, was an answer, and a most 
fitting answer, to the query, a 'If -a man die shall he live 
again ?" 

He had very little to say about his final departure. That 
had been calculated upon before. Job Pitts (who has been 
referred to before) once said to him, " Neighbor Mowry, 
when hay is scarce in winter, do you not think of sonic 
locks you left when you were gathering the hay?" 
u Neighbor Pitts, all such locks are looked after and taken 
up as I go along gathering my hay. It is a poor time to 
think of locks of hay that might have been saved, when 
hay is scarce, and God's wintry mantle of snow covers 
the ground.' 9 His wires 9 mortal remains were deposited 
in the spot selected by him on his own farm. Like the 
patriarch of old, be had selected the spot where he wished 
to lie. There was no need of his son's swearing (as did 
Joseph to bury Israel in the time of his fathers) that he 
should rest where rested his wives who preceded him. 

Everything arranged as to his worldly matters, he calmly 


waited for his appointed time. As the time of his depart- 
ure drew nigh, his many friends and neighbors one by one, 
as they visited him, seemed impressed with the idea that 
these visits were the last. His coworkers in the church 
lie loved so well, as they called to mind the incidents of 
the past, were, comforted and strengthened by his blessing, 
and by his strong faith that they would live to see the 
church blessed in the bands of their pious and dutiful son* 
and daughters. 

As the year 1885 entered, it was apparent that he was 
gradually sinking, and that he had but a few more days to 
live. He continued to grow physically weaker till, on the 
twenty-third day of the first month of the year, his change 

As the cold frosts of that winter afternoon settled upon 
the windows of his room, and the sun was hastening to 
his resting-place, the patriarch breathed his last. Minis* 
tering spirits conducted his soul to its home in the happy 
mansion prepared for him. If they are all " ministering 
spirits," do they not minister to all who have lived a life 
of suitable preparation to be ushered into the home of the 

A long career was now ended. Kind friends have now 
a sad relief from the pleasant labors of ministering to the 
wants of their living friend. He is beyond their reach. 
It only remains for them to bury their " dead out of their 
fright" From the death scene to the depositing the 
remains iu their last resting-place, what memories crowd 
upon the mind ! With loving caro his only sou, who had 
Ikkmi continually with him night and day for tho hurt 
months of hits life, mode preparation for tho Inst rite* 
after the strictest forms of the Quaker church. How sad 
the duty ! How the mind of that son was carried back to 
the days of his youth, when he leaned upon the strong arm 
of that parent, whose form was now to go out from him 


forever ! How his soul beat in thankfulness that he had 
been to him a very precious son, doing his bidding while 
in his minority, and noblj repaying a kind father in later 
days by being himself that noble, honorable, high-minded 
man thai was bnt the outgrowth of early training. 

What a pleasure to that son, in the few hours between 
the death scene and the burial of a kind father, that his- 
memories and reflections were mingled with no remorse 
for unforgotten misdeeds and thoughts during a long life. 

That son had always been near him. They had always 
lived under the same roof. The products of the same 
ample fields had always been spent for the sustenance of 
both. When one was joyous, both were happy ; when one 
mourned, both grieved. But, alas! now ail was over. 
There was to be no more consultations, no more friendly 

An unusually large concourse of friends assembled on 
the day of the funeral to pay their last token of respect to 
him who had so long been the^example of the neighbor- 
hood and a pillar of the church. Grouped around his cof- 
fin, which contained all that was mortal of a great and 
good man, ministers, relatives, and neighbors let drop the 
silent tear, that unspoken token of grief and remembrance, 
that no language or words has power to communicate, 
which told how strong a hold their departed friend had had 
upon them. Devout men carried him to his burial, where 
the multitude lingered unwilling to believe he had lain 
down to rise no more. 

He rests now in that pleasant spot selected by himself, 
and made sacrod to htm by the ronmins he hod deposited 
there long before ho came down to his abode with them. 
That spot is now more sacred to the departed patriarch's 
descendants, as it contains many more of the family. The 
son with his wives now sleep there, with a fitting monu- 
ment to mark the spot where they lie. No more appro- 


priate closing can be added to this memoir than to remind 
the kind reader of the filial lore of that son, and of his 
devoted care of that spot while he lived; and to state 
that almost the last out-door labor he performed was to 
enclose that spot with a substantial stone-wall, built 
entirely by his own hands, when the. weight of more than 
fourscore years was upon him. 



218. HT7LDAH HOWRY, daughter of Richard ilowry, 
born in Sritnate, R. L, 12 : 80, 1775 ; married 10 : 27, 
1810, Snranr Bumiraox. He was born 2 : 5, 1744, 
probablj in Swansea. She died 12 : 12, 1848. He died 
10 : — , 1829. 


809. Benjamin, born 2 : 18, 1812 ; not married. He 
died 8 : 81, 1847.* 

Stephen Bnffinton was a respected member of the Soci- 
ety of Friends. He lived and died in Dartmouth. His son,. 
Benjamin Bnffinton, was an honest, upright, worthy man. 
He ever had the respect and esteem of a wide circle of 
friends, from his relatives, his townsmen, and the religious 
society of which he was a worthy member. He was a 
farmer, and lived upon the homestead place in Dartmouth* 
He was always kind and affable, and had a pleasant word for 
every one. He died in Boston, while serving his town as a 

• Tba abort data* vara fomiahad hy Iaaao B. Gilford, of North Dartmouth, 
vtowaawhfcima1xty4wodajaaf ninatjjaan old whan ha penned tha latter 
al * m fa mmi 'i ttaii 


rcpresentatire in the State Legislature. His remains were 
accompanied to Dartmouth bjr a delegation, from the Gen- 
eral Court, and the funeral serricea were performed after 
the custom of the Society of Friends; 

214. GIDEON MO WRY, son of Richard, born 7 : 7, 
1778, in Uxbridge. Married 1 10 : 8, 1799, Roth Whuur, 
daughter of Jonathan and Marj(Buffum) Wheeler, of 
Berlin, Mass. She was born 10 : 4, 1780 ; died 8 : 1, 
1816, aged 85. 


810. Jonathan, b. 2 : 2, 1801. 

811. Lueetta, b. 1 : 2, 1808. 

812. Isabella, b. 2 : 12, 1805. 
818. Phebe, b. 9 : 19, 1808. 

814. Melissa, b. 8 : 28, 1811. 

815. Caroline, b. 4 : 12, 1814, 

Married • 5 : 6, 1818, Amns Dehxis, daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah Dennis, of Pomfret, Ct She was born in Ports* 
mouth, R. L, 10': 24, 1787; died 7 : 6 (?), 1858, aged 
nearly 71. 


816. Richard Dennis, b. 9 : 17, 1819. 
317. Susan Lydia, b. 1 : 21, 1822. 
818. Huldah Harris, b. 9 : 15, 1824. 

Gideon Howry died 2 : 4, 1866, aged 87 years, 6 months, 
and 28 days. He was for more than half a century one of 
the most prominent men in liis town. He was a man of 
large intelligence, strong mind, excellent judgment, re* 
markable probity of character, great personal influence, 

•-&^U~-~, vJt+**>T*y_^ 


oideon kowbt. 188 

and wide usefulness With but meagre advantages for 
study in youth, and without extensive travel, yet from his 
strong native talents, his wonderful power of careful reflec- 
tion, and his broad and thoughtful reading, he came to be 
a very oracle among his townsmen, and many a difficult 
-question of science, mathematics, law, medicine, philoso- 
phy, or of literature was referred to him, as a case of ulti- 
mate appeal ; and his judgment was almost always taken 
as conclusive and final. 

In his youth he had a strong desire to be a physi- 
cian, but circumstances compelled him to abandon the 
project. He had, however, through his life quite an ex- 
tended knowledge of the medicinal properties of very many 
roots and herbs, as well as the more generally used inedi- 
<rines of the old school, and he was often called on to pre- 
eeribe for his friends and neighbors, as well as for his own 
family. He was well calculated for a lawyer or a judge, 
•and his knowledge of law was extensive and exact. He was 
frequently consulted in matters involving law and justice 
-among his townsmen, and his judgment in all such coses 
was eminently practical and valuable. It was, however, 
always upon the side of peace, if peace were possible. 
• He had a strong sense of justice and right ; but the 
mild precepts of the Saviour, counseling to suffer wrong 
rather than to do wrong, always had a warm defender in 
him. Like his father, therefore, he was always a peace- 
maker, in the community. Like his father, also, he was 
often called on to write wills, deeds, leases, and other 
legal documents. 

He was frequently actively employed in public business. 
He held many town offices during twenty-five years of his 


most active life* Besides holding various other town 
0(60689 he was a member of the school committee of the 
town in 1830 and 1881, and selectman in 1826, 1827, 1831, 
1882, 1884, 1886, and 1889. In 1882 and 1889 he was 
chairman of the selectmen* He was assessor of taxes in 
1828, 1829, 1880, 1888, 1888, and 1844. At one time he 
was a candidate for the Legislature, but the opposite polit- 
ical party was in the majority ; and though running far 
ahead of his ticket, he was defeated. 

He had great skill and power as a debater. This power 
was manifested in many ways and on many occasions dur- 
ing his long life. It will be remembered that his entire 
life was passed in a rural district, several miles from any 
village. Yet there, among the sturdy yeomen of those 
times, was for many yeara regularly maintained a debating 
society, which met from week to week throughout the year, 
and which was conducted with great energy and remark- 
able success. From the records of that society, for the 
years 1886 to 1889, it appears that Gideon Mowry was the 
president through the whole time, and that during the 
year 1837 thirty-nine meetings were held, and thirty-two 
in 1888. 

From a list of more than fifty questions for discussion,, 
nearly all of which were debated by this society, the fol- 
lowing arc extracted to show the character of the subjects 

1. Is capital punishment justifiable ? 
4. Is slavery justifiable ? 

6. Is it proper for the United States to restrict the tide 
of European immigration ? 


8. Is it necessary for the community to educate females 
for anything more than the domestic circle T 
10. Is it consistent with good policy or the Christian 
religion for one nation to go to war with another ? 

16. Which is the greater benefit to man, good penman- 

ship or English grammar ? 

17. Which is the greater evil, avarice or prodigality ? 

18. From whioh has arisen the greater evil to the United 

States, intemperance or slavery ? 
24. Is it expedient to establish protective duties on all 

foreign commodities that come in competition with 

domestic industry, and would such a policy be in 

accordance with sound political economy ? 
87. Does strict honesty constitute a Christian ? 
81. Which aro the most desirable teachers of youth from 

three to twelve years of age, females or males ? 
34. Axe the proceedings of the Abolitionists justifiable ? 
36. Ought the selectmen to approbate any for license to 

sell ardent spirits T 
46. Is the recent Act of the Massachusetts Legislature, 

abolishing the license law, consistent with civil 

freedom : will it be productive of the greatest good 

to the whole ? 
42. Were the proceedings of tho Puritans repugnant to 

civil and religious liberty ? 

46. Would the European powers be justifiable in driving 

the Turks from Europe ? 

47. Ought imprisonment for debt to be abolished ? 

48. Is there a prospect that the Union will be dissolved 

within the next half century ? 

49. Ought a representative to be governed by the will of 

his constituents t 
60. Are fictitious writings beneficial ? 

Although acting as presiding officer of the society, and 
evidently being the general manager of affairs, yet Gideon 


Mowry generally took part in most of these discussions 
Extensive notes of his views are in the possession of the 
writer, and briefs of some of his arguments in the dis- 
cussions in which he engaged, which would do credit to> 
the head and heart of more noted and justly famous men. 
One of these discussions was upon the question, " Doe* 
strict honesty constitute a Christian?" In opening the 
discussion upon the negative of this question, he first cited 
the example of others, particularly of the Mahometans, 
who pride themselves upon their superior honesty, to show 
that honesty could be found outside even of the nominal 
Christian world. He then proceeds as follows : — 

u True piety produces honesty ; but as honesty is pos- 
sessed by even those who never heard the name of 
Christian, it cannot constitute a Christian. Who could 
ever hope to please the Deity without his moral image ? 
Who would ever put himself to the trouble to cultivate the 
virtues which form that image, unless he had a beliif that 
they were indispensable to the perfection and happiness 
of his nature ? Honesty of itself is no constituent of 
Christianity. A mere belief in Christianity is no proof of 
justification in the sight of Deity." . . • 

" If we could be Christians by playing the hypocritical 
part of what is called honesty, and enjoy heaven, while 
we have it in our power to go thither by acquiring the vir- 
tues that would give a resemblance to God, — for, to say 
nothing of the exceeding honor of acquiring even the 
faintest resemblance to him, nor yet of the immense hap- 
piness which it must afford hereafter, — we find that even 
here, the least step towards it affords a greater pleasure 
than anything else ;— there is so much more pleasure* in 
getting knowledge to resemble the Creator thah in living 
in ignorance to resemble brutes ; so much more pleasure in 


benevolence and doing good to resemble him, than in hate 
and doing harm to resemble demons, — that we ought to 
hope to always hare wisdom and fortitude sufficient to 
spend our live* in getting all the useful knowledge, to 
enable us to do all the little good we possibly can. 

" And besides all this, when we look towards futurity ; 
when we consider the nature of that felicity which exists 
in heaven, that it is felicity flowing from Deity on those 
excellent spirits whom his own admonitions have adorned 
with the virtues that resemble himself ; that the nearer 
perfect their virtues, the brighter will be his smiles upon 
them, with correspondent emanations of bliss that may, for 
aught we know, be forever enlarged with their ever en- 
larging understandings and affections ; when we have it in 
our choice to attain to all this in a way so pleasant and hou- 
orable, as that of imitating the Deity in wisdom and good- 
ness, would it not be worse than madness to decline such 
terms, and prefer substitutes that would tolerate us in igno- 
rance and vice ? " -^ 

The society numbered about fifly gentlemen from that and 
the neighboring school districts, among whom were many 
men of marked talent and ability. What an influence 
such a series of meetings must have had upon those who 
participated in or listened to the discussions ! 

In business matters, Gideon Mowry was always a very 
active man. After his father, he managed the home farm 
till he was seventy years of age. During much of this time 
he carried on an extensive business as tanner and currier, 
and also as shoe and boot maker, employing many hands. 
He was often employed as administrator in settling estates, 
and as guardian for minors. 

In his religious life, he was by nature and by conviction 
a Quaker. He was emphatically a religious man. He was 


an active member of the Society of Friends till sometime 
about 1823, when he violated the technical rale of the 
Friends by suing a party who, be thought, had wronged 
him. For this offence, he would not apologize, as he 
believed he had done right, not wrong ; and he was dis- 
owned* After this he aided materially in sustaining relig- 
ious meetings in the vicinity of his home, principally of 
the Baptists; but after examining fully their tenets, he 
was not sufficiently convinced of their soundness to join 
them, or any other religious society. The wide-spread 
agitation of the doctrine of the Millerites, or the end of 
the world, for some years prior to 1842, attracted his 
earnest attention. After reading and studying with the 
utmost care all the prophets of the Bible, and Saint John's 
Apocalypse, he came to the decided conviction that Mil- 
ler's views of prophecy were* totally uu founded by the 
Scripture, and destitute both of proof and of reason. 

Some years subsequent to this an effort was made by 
some members of the Society of Friends in his native 
town to have him again received as a member. He made 
no concession, and offered no compromise ; but his name 
having been proposed by some prominent members, he was 
voted in, and again took his plaoe among them. With 
some exceptions, when attending Baptist meetings in 
school-houses near his home, he had always constantly 
attended the Friends 9 meeting, even while he was not a 
member of the society. 

It was undoubtedly a pleasure and a comfort to him 
during his declining years to be again associated with' the 
society of his choice, and for some years he sat at the 


Mad of the meeting. He was ever a lover of the Bible. 
Daring hie later years he read but little else. At one time, 
when the writer called to see him, in the month of August, 
he fonnd him reading the Scriptures, and so interested 
that he begged to be excused till he had finished his chap- 
ter. On looking over his shoulder to see where he was 
reading, I found it to be in the prophets. Soon after, in 
conversation upon the topic, I said to him, " Grandfather, 
you seem to lore to read the Bible ? " — "I lore nothing 
so well. I read but little else."— u How much can you 
read? Does your eyesight serve you?"— "Very well. 
I use large type. I have read the Bible through once since 
the year came in, and so far again ! " 

His last days were passed in peaceful retirement in his 
native town, .with his daughter, Mrs. Joseph Gaskill. He 
died 2d month, 4th, 1866, at the advanced ago of 87 years, 
6 months, and 28 days. 

He was gathered to his fathers, like a shock of corn 
fully ripe for the harvest Three days later he was laid 
away in the grave between his two loving wives, in the 
little quiet, family resting-place, which had been strongly 
walled in by his own hands, and a deed of which he 
had secured from his son-in-law, like the elder patriarch 
Abraham, " for a possession of a burying-place " forever ; 
being followed to the grave by a large train of mourning 
friends and neighbors, including children, grandchildren, 
and great-grandchildren. 

The following appropriate tribute to the worth of this 
good man was written by Gen. Henry Do Wolf, a veteran of 
the Mexican War, and a lifo-long friend and neighbor of 
him whom it commemorates. 


" I attended tbe funeral of my friend, Gideon Mowiy,on 
the 7th of February, 1866. He died on the 4th, at the house 
of hii daughter, Mrs. OaskilL Seldom has there died in 
our town a man more universally respected* He was the 
only son of Richard Mowry, a rery prominent preacher of 
the Society of Friends ; and in early life he imbibed a last- 
ing regard for their peculiar faith. 

" Disappointed in the choice of a vocation, — that of a 
physician, — to which his father objected, he early in life 
commenced the business of a tanner, currier, and manu- 
facturer of boots and shoes for the general market* Much 
of his time, however, was required by his townsmen, he 
having been repeatedly elected to the various town offices 
with great unanimity. Not only was he prominent in town 
affairs, but he was often employed in the settlement of 
estates and in boards of arbitration. His ability and sterling 
integrity were appreciated by all who knew him, and he 
was universally esteemed for his unswerving devotion to 
upright principles and honor. He was tenacious in his 
opinions without being dogmatical, and when convinced, 
acknowledged it at once. He was truly one of those who 
' bore malice towards none, but charity to ail/ The vari- 
ous trials of life, the loss of his son in the prime of man- 
hood, and other afflictions, did not in the least disturb that 
equanimity and self-control that distinguished him through 
life. I have alluded to his desire for conciliation, when a. 
dispute arose among his acquaintance, and his kind offices 
often prevented much expense and bad feeling. Always 
on the side of peace, be would never approve of any act 
that could militate in the least degree against the legal 
rights of others. It was this settled principle that for a 
time caused him to be regarded by some of the Society of 
Friends as deficient in the orthodox faith. It happened 
about tbe time of emancipation in the British West Indies, 
that some of the ardent members of the meeting brought 


forward a petition, praying for the abolishment of slavery 
in all the United States. This was at once signed by all 
present, with the single exception of my deceased friend. 
Detesting, as he said, all .cruelty and oppression ; abhorring 
human slavery in *xery form ; in favor of the largest lib* 
erty consistent with the well-being of the state, — he could 
not sign the paper; and the reason of his refusal was 
simply this, that by the Constitution, the whole question 
of slavery was relegated to the States respectively ; that 
the petition did not counsel the people to pay for the 
•slaves, differing in that regard from the parliamentary 
, petitions ; and that such a course, if persisted in by the 
members, would soon cause them to be be regarded as no 
lovers of their country's peace or prosperity ; and would 
ultimately cause discord, anarchy, and civil war. 

" He perceived, almost in a prophetic manner, the ulti- 
mate result that followed ; and although he lived till peace 
again blessed the nation, he seldom spoke of the war. 
During an intimate acquaintance of more than forty-five 
. jears, I liavo been much benefited by his counsels ; and I 
trust you wiU pardon me if I am a little prolix,— a 
usual infirmity, I believe, of those who have lived to the 

age of 

Your obedient servant, 


The following letter is from Hon. Henry Chapin, a dis- 
tinguished lawyer, and ex-mayor of the city of Worcester, 

" Worcester, Feb. 17, 1877. 

" Dear Sir,— My acquaintance with your honored grand* 
father, the late Gideon Mowry, commenced in the year 1888, 
soon after I opeued an office in Uxbridge, and was always 
<of the most pleasant character. He seemed to me at that 


time to be a venerable man, veil advanced in years. He 
was of slender form, and pleasant and gentle in manner. 
He was a thoughtful man, and one who kept himself well 
informed upon the leading topics of the day. He had the 
peculiar appearance of those who have had a Quaker 
bringing-up, and who retain their allegiance to that Society. 
He was known and revered as * Uncle Gideon. 9 The 
records of the town confirm my recollection, that he 
was largely honored by the people of Uxbridge. He was 
assessor of the town for the years 1825, 1827, 1828, 1829, 
1880-1888, 1888, and 1844. He was a selectman of the 
town for the years 1826, 1881, 1882, 1884, 1886, and 1889. 
He was a member of the school committee for the years 
1887 and 1839. Taking into consideration the fact that 
he belonged to a political party which as a rule constituted 
a minority of the voters, the fact of his numerous elections, 
to suolt important trusts demonstrates either that his 
opponents were very liberal, or very appreciative of worth 
even in one of an opposite party from themselves. Indeed, 
the term opponents is hardly a proper term to use in speak- 
ing of those who differed from your grandfather, in refer- 
ence to him. To him there always seemed to me a fit 
application of the oouplet,— » 

" <2ftme knew him but to love him, 
None iaw him but to praise.' 

u He died Feb. 4, 1866, aged 87 years, 6 months, and 28 
days. His first wife, Ruth Wheeler Mowry, died March 1, 
1816, aged 35 years, 4 months, and 28 days. His second 
wife, Anne Dennis Mowry, died July, 1868, aged nearly 
seventy-one years. 

44 During the latter part of his life he became consider- 
ably embarrassed in his circumstances ; and in the loss of 
property, the death of friends, and failing health, he found 
his life somewhat clouded ; but so far as I can learn, he 


retained largely his equanimity and sweetness of spirit ; 
and when the last summons came, he vent to his grave 
like a shock of corn fully ripe, or ' like one who wraps 
the drapery of his conch about him and lies down to pleas- 
ant dreams/ ' Peace to his ashes. 9 

Yours truly, 

" Wiluam A. Mownr, Esq." 

The facsimile of his autograph which is given below 
is his signature to the constitution of the debating society 
before mentioned* 

215. . PHEBE MO WRY, daughter of Richard, born 8 r 
6,1780, in Uxbridge ; married 7 : 2, 1800, Darlccg Sabkx, 
son of Israel Saben, of Richmond, N. H. He was born 9 : 
14, 1778; died 9 : 28, 1822, aged 44. She died 8 : 9, 
1815, aged 86. 


819. Mowry, b. 11 : 24, 1801. 

820. Lucy, b. 11 : 18, 1808. 

821. Sarah, b. 10 : 20, 1806 ; d. 7 : 1, 1882. 

822. Huldah, b. 7 : 21, 1809 ; d. 10 : 14, 1888. 
828. Israel, b. 9 : 1, 1811 ; d. 4 : 12, 1889. 
824. Ruth, b. 4 : 18, 1814 ; d. 4 : 24, 1815. 

Darling Saben married 9 Hannah Sherman 12 : 5, 1817* 
She was born 6 : 5,1788; died 1 : 10, 1852. 




Isaac, b. 12 : 80, 1818 ; still living in Winchester, N. 
H., — an excellent man and father of a family- 
Darling Saben was an intelligent and upright man, a 
member of the Friends 1 Society,— a farmer in Richmond 
and Winchester, N. H. He died in 1822, in the prime of 
life, greatly beloved and respected by all who knew him. 

216. WAITE MOWRY, daughter of Richard, born 2 : 
4, 1788, in Uxbridge, Mass. Married 10 : 6, 1805, Alokzo 
Thayro. Alter their marriage they moved to Scipio, N. Y. 


828. tywry. 

829. Sarah Mowry. 

880. George; died young. 

881. Klmira; died young. 

The date of their birth is not known. If they are now 
living, it is not known where. 

A letter from Sarah, in 1846, to her uncle Gideon, dated 
u Tymochtee, Ohio, 19 gives her name Sarah M. Vandemark. 

217. AME Y MOWRY, daughter of Richard, born 2 : 2, 
1786, in Uxbridge; married 10 : 6, 1805, Paul Aldricr, 
of Northbridge. He was born 12 : 19, 1784. He died 4 : 
18, 1874, aged 89 years, 4 months. Amey died 10 : 6, 1829, 
aged nearly 45. 


882. Richard, b. 8 : 20, 1807. 
888. Narcissa, b. 4 : 2, 1809. 

884. Phebe S., b. 9 : 27, 1815 ; d. 10 : 6, 1819. 


885. Roth Mowry, b. 2 : 14, 1818. 

886. Thomas Paul, b. 11 : 6, 1820. 

887. Henry A., b. 6 : 1, 1826. 

All the children born in Northbridge, Mass. 

The following account of " Uncle Paul/ 9 together with 
most of the dates relating to his family, were kindly fur- 
nished bj Thomas P. Aldrieh,Esq«, of Worcester, Mass. 

"Paul Aldrich was born in Richmond, N. H M and 
received his father's name. The family removed to the 
southeastern part of Northbridge, on the Blackstono River, 
when he was quite young. He lived with his father until 
he was of age, and then commenced business for liimself , 
on a small scale, as farmer and carpenter. lie bought a 
small tract of land, near his father's, and built himself a 
house and barn. He afterwards added to his farm until he 
owned a hundred and sixty acres, and also enlarged and 
increased his buildings. He remained in Northbridge 
until 1861 or '62, when he removed to Milford for a year or 
two. After leaving Milford, he settled in East ttlackHtone, 
near the Friends 1 meeting-house, where he lived until hid 

" He married Amey Mowry, daughter of Richard Mowry, 
1n 1806, a few months before reaching his majority. They 
had six children, one of whom died young, the other* sur- 
viving both parents. His wife Amey died in 1829, on the 
twenty-fourth anniversary of their marriage. In 1881 he 
married Milla Cook, with whom he lived forty years, she 
dying in 1871. At the age of eighty-six he married Inn 
third wife, Elisabeth Rathburn, a widow of 69 ; but tin* 
union was of short duration, as she died in little less than 
one year, leaving him again alone. After this his sister, 
Mrs. Phila Wheeler, lived with him until his death. 

44 He was strictly temperate in his habits, never Using 


intoxicating liquors, although he furnished them for his 
workmen, according to the universal custom of the times. 
Between the years 1880 and 1886 he abolished all use of 
them on his farm. He was no politician, yet ho held sev- 
eral offices iu the town. He was kind, genial, and upright ; 
a man whose word was as good as his bond. He was a 
good husband, father, and neighbor ; always a favorite with 
children, of whom he was very fond. In his quiet way, he 
enjoyed a good joke, both when given and taken. He waa 
a prominent member of the Society of Friends. He was 
a hale, hearty old man, such as we seldom meet with in 
these days ; and never had occasion to employ a physician 
for himself until the fatal illness (caused by a fall), which 
terminated his life. 

" He died in 1874, at the advanced age of 89 years, leav- 
ing three sisters over 81 years of age." 

218. SARAH MO WHY, daughter of Richard, born 8 : 
14, 1788 ; married 10 : 81, 1810, Israel Sabct, Jr., son of 
Israel Saben, of Richmond, N. H. He was born 5 : 5, 
1790. He died 7 : 8, 1869, in Uzbridge^Mass., aged 79- 
She died 6 : 8, 1866, iu Uxbridge, Mass., aged nearly 77. 


888. Richard Mowry, b. 10 : 7, 1811 ; d. 10 : 10, 1829. 

889. An infant son, b. 7 : G, 1818; d. same day. 

840. Waite Ann, b. 8 : — , 1814 ; d. 11 : — , 1815. 

841. Sarah Ann, b. 12 : 7, 1817 ; d. 9 : 25, 1818. 

842. Cidcon Mowry, b. 2 : 8, 1819. 
H48. Israel, Jr., b. 1 : 7, 1821. 

844. Lucy, b. 4 : 1, 1824 ; not married. 

845. Anne Mowry, b. 6 : 11, 1826. 

846. Sarah, b. 9 : 7, 1828 ; d. 7 : 28, 1829. 

847. Huldah, b. 11 : 23, 1880 ; d. 9 : 18, 1842. 


Israel Saben was a rigorous, hard-working man, honest 
and energetic, a farmer in Richmond, N. H., Northbridge 
and Uxbridge, Mass. By his industry and intelligence he 
seonred for himself and his family a comfortable compe- 
tence, and for his honor and enterprise he was highly 
esteemed by his fellow-citizens and a wide circle of friends. 
He did mnch public busiuess, and always with fidelity and 

Early in life he left his attire place and removed to 
Northbridge,- Mass. After a few years 9 residence here, he 
remo?ed to North. Uxbridge. The remainder of his life 
was spent in this town. Here he died in a green old age, 
baring entered his eightieth year. 

His wife, Sarah, was distinguished for great energy, a 
remarkable memory, and strong attachment to her family 
and friends. Although suffering from ill health for many 
years, at times a great care to her husband and children, 
she was a deroted wife, a good mother, and a kind friend. 
She died at their home in North Uxbridge, four years 
beforo her husband, liaring noarly completed her seventy- 
seventh year. 



310. JONATHAN MOWRY, son of Gideon, born 2 : 
2, 1801 ; married 9 : 12, 1821, Hannah Bbatton, daughter 
of Preserved and Hannah Brayton, * of Behoboth, Mass. 

• I have * brief aoeoant of the Brayton lino, treeing the desoent of Pro* 
■orved Brayton from Francis Brayton, one of too original aottlon of Ports* 
month, VL I., rooolTod' Iron) Judge George Drayton, of Rhode Island. It 
»hoald be too objoct in aU fsnoalogloal works to reeoae from oblivion and to 
preserve at many nets of too past at possible. The following briaf eoooant 
is tboroloroinsartod horn* 

1. Francis Brayton rooolTod at Portsmouth, In 1043. Ho was borhyln 
1611. Ho diod at Pormmooth In 1092. 

3. His younger son, Stephen, marriod Ann, Talmaa, daughter of Peter,, 
March 3,1070. Ho died botwoon July 30, 1601, and April 10, 1002. 

3. Pressrred, their eldest son, born March 0,1084-4. He nmrrled Content 
(Gardner*). He renVded In Swansea. He died In 1761. His will, dated 
Dee. 7, 1700, was proved, Bristol Co., Mate* In 178L He mentions bis son 
Stephen, formerly residing In Behoboth, then dsoetssd, learinf two sons, 
Piesorvod end Stephen, not then of age, and daughters not named. 

4. Stephen was born Dee. 24, 1713. He married Hannah Chaos, daughter 
of Sbor and Mary, of 8wano*e, Feb. 11, 173a. He died In 1740. Hislnven- 
tory beam date Sept. 8, 1740 (Book XL, p. 000, Tannton), returned by Han- 
nah Brayton, his administratrix. His estate was divided June 2, 1700, 
setting off dower to his widow Hannah, and shares to his children (Book 
XVXm p. 171, Tannton). To his eldest son, Pr ss er red, two shares; Stephen, 
one shave; Anna (or Anne), one; Mary, one; Hannah, one* Aiterwarda 
(Book XX* p. 201, Tannton), the dower land was, upon the widow's death, 
divided among thochfldron then living at the date of the division, March, 
1700.' To Preserved, eldest and only son, two shares; Anna Bests!, one; 
Mary Comstoek, one; Hannah Rome], 


» X 


She mi born 8:27, 1800 ; died 3 : 21, 1872, aged 71jears, 
6 months and 24 day*. He died 11 : 21, 1882, aged 81 
years, 9 months. 


848. Rath Wheeler, b. 6 : 6, 1822. 

849. Bmelino Maxwell, b. 2 : 19, 1826. 
860. William Augustas, b. 8 : 18, 1829. 

Bmeline M., d. 4 : 4, 1869, aged 88. 

Jonathan Mowry was a fanner and boot and shoe maker,, 
and spent his life on the home farm. He built a large 
brick house near his father's, where he lived and died. 
Some years before his death he had a severe attack of 
influenza, from which he never reoovered. He died at the 
.early age of thirty-two, leaving a widow and three Children^ 
the youngest but three years of age. His wife was a 
woman of strong mind, great energy and perseverance, 
and lived a widow nearly forty years, burying her seeond 

5. ftemiTedBrayton, eon of Stephen, married i PartonooQroono, daughter 
of David and Mary (Knowta)Gieene, of Norths (XaryKnowlee 

wag tlm daughter of Henry.) Patlonoo wm bom Nor. 7, 1733 (her biogra- 
phy enyo Huv.lS). [Bbtwmiva^faMbmotlMtBodktyoiTriMriBtiaA 
traveled eitoniltily. An Accmau 0/ Air Uf% and JMffiou* Xatort wm 
publlohed in HO, at How Bedford. Thie biography mye ah* wag " married 
la 178S, oad her death ooourrod T : 30, 1791, agedupwardaof itxty yeen,and 
aminietor about toetyytare" The minutee of the monthly mooting my, 
"Sim wag a loving wife, a tender mother, and much bolorod by hor neigh* 
boa and aoomnntanee." rimnnilifformrni ^r^— *r i F ff"^h *1tnto, She 
had a daughter Hannah, who maided Jonathan Howry aa above.] (Book 
XLDL, p. 395, Taunton.) Hie will, bearing dam of Jan. 19, loll, mention* 
hie wife Hannah, hie eon David, end hie daughter! Hary and Content, hie 
danghler Hannah, and glvee the roeidue of hie eetato to hie daaghter Content 
Maxwell, one fourth; to hie dnnghter Hannah Brayton, one fourth; to hie 
granddaughter Hannah Blade, daaghter of hie daaghter Hannah Slade, de- 
pone fourth; and mbJegrendaonaDeuJelBiaytou and Henry ^ 
fourth, npon condition that they wfll roloaoo thoAr right la the mill farm 
to their brother David.' 


daughter, but seeing her other two children settled in life 
with families of their own. She lived to see thirteen 
grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. 

Emeline Maxwell Mowry became a teacher at the early 
age of fifteen. She, however, continued her studies from 
time to timo, as she found opportunity and the necessary 
means, until she became an accomplished scholar in the 
higher mathematics, natural scionces, especially botany, 
and English literature. She followed teaching about 
fifteen years. She possessed a remarkably fine character, 
a well-balanced mind, and great energy of purpose. She 
was a loving daughter, a devoted sister, and a firm friend. 
She was for many years a faithful and much respected 
member of the Congregational church, and died beloved 
by all who knew her. An obituary notice soon after her 

death closes as follows : — 

> • 

11 The pupils of twelve different schools, in six towns 
and in three different States, who hare been under her 
instruction at some time during the last eighteen years, 
would number several huudreds ; and they will doubtless, 
wherever found, attest her ability and success as a teacher. 
Her genial disixisitiou, her quiet manners, her exhaustless 
patience, and her deep and earnest affection for her pupils, 
never failed to win their confidence and thoir love, while 
hor dignified character, accurate scholarship, and thorough 
plan of instruction, insured their rapid progress in study. 

" As a friend, Miss Mowry was over faithful and true. 
As a true lady and a dovotcd Christian, sho had tout equal*. 
During the thirteen years that sho was a member of the 
Congregational Church in Slatersville, she was ever con- 
sistent, conscientious, earnest, and devoted. Her light 
shone to all with whom she caino in contact She loved 


the Sabbath school as well as the day school, and was ever 
before her class upon the Sabbath, if not compelled by ill 
health to forego the privilege. 

^Ai i sister and a daughter, her bereaved sister, 
brother, and widowed mother attest her ardent devotion 
and worth* A large circle of friends now mourn her loss. 
But, we trust, not without hope, for to her ( To live was 
Christy to dU was £*ot*.' May all who knew her, copy her 
pious example." 

811. LUCETTA MOWRY, daughter of Gideon, bom 
1 : 2, 1808 ; married 12 : 6, 1826, Csomwsll Chase, son 
of Job and Sybil Chase. He was born 5 : 12, 1795, in 
Swansea, Mass. He died 1 : 17, 1856, aged 60 years. 


861. Joanna Wheeler, b. 6 : 9, 1829. 

862. Robinson James Montgomery, b. 6 : 12, 1882. 
858. Jonathan Mowry, b. 2 : 20, 1886. 

Cromwell Chase was a farmer and house-carpenter. He 
was the son of Job and Sybil Chose. Job was the son of 
Jonathan Chase, before mentioned. They were from a 
very respectable family, and all members of the Society of 

Cromwell passed his life in the western port of Smith* 
field and adjoining portion of Burrillville. He died at his 
home in Smithfiold, called " Horso Head. 9 ' 

His widow is still living, at the age of 75. She is a 
woman of great strength and beauty of character, combin* 
ing in herself the sterling virtues of the genuine New 
England character. 


812. ISABELLA MO WRY, daughter of Gideon Mowry, 
born 2 : 12, 1805 ; married 5 : 8, 1826, Joseph Gaskill,soi> 
of Eiekiel and Elisabeth Gasldll, of Uxbridge, Mass. He 
was born 7 : 29, 1800; died 10 : 8, 1867. 


864. Anne Dennis, b. 8 : 1, 1827 ; d. 4 : 14, 1886. 

866. ButhEUsabeth,b.4:28,1880;d.l0:4,1857. 

866. Susan Anne, b. 10 : 28, 1886 ; d. 4 : 26, 1889. 

867. Caroline Josephine, b. 6 : 25, 1840; d. 10 : 4, 


868. Joseph, Jr., b. 8 : 4, 1846 ; d. 9 : 10, 1846. 

869. Lindlej Murray, b. 9 : 7, 1847. 

Joseph Gaskill was a worthy member of the Society of 
Friends r and passed his entire life in his native town. He 
was an honest, industrious farmer, who by his industry 
and frugality saved a snug little sum against a time of 
need. His widow Isabella is still living in Millville; Mass.,. 
being now more than seventy-three years of age. She is 
a faithful member of the Society of Friends, manifesting 
in all the relations of life a most estimable character,, 
greatly beloved by a wide circle of friends, and respected 
by all who know her. 

Two of their children, Both Elisabeth, aged 27, and Car- 
oline Josephine, aged 17, died the same day, and their 
father died four days later, all of dysentery. 

818. PHEBE MOWBY, daughter of Gideon, born 9 r 
19, 1808 ; married l 6 : 2, 1880, Daniel H. Aldhich, son 
of Ephrahn and Dorcas Aldrich, of Uxbridge, Has* He 
was born 7 : 14, 1806 ; died 12 : 6, 1870, aged 64 years. 




«60. Josiah Wilcox, b. 2 : 12, 1881 ; died 8 : 21, 

861. Mary Brayton, b. 2 : 20, 1882. 

862. Gideon Mowry, b. 1 : 29, 1884. 

868. Jonathan Richard, b. 10 : 81, 1888 ; <L 9 : 12, 

364. Dorcas Hall, b. 9 : 17, 1841. 
866. Oaoar Da Wilton, b. 12 : 25, 1848. 

Married * 7 : 24, 1878, Esbk Pitts, of Millbury, Mass. 
He died 2 : 1, 1874. 

Daniel H. Aldrieh waa a worthy member of the Friends* 
Society, and lived and died in Uxbridge. He was a wheel- 
wright, carriage-maker, and sawyer. He built np an 
extensive business on a little stream in South Uxbridge, 
where he erected a large building with a saw-mill, shingle* 
mill, and wheelwright and blacksmith's shop. This busi- 
ness he managed for thirty-Are years. For several years 
subsequent to 1860 he shipped a large number of wagons 
to California. He left the business to his son Gideon, who 
is now successfully carrying it on. 

His widow, Phebe, married Esek Pitts, of Millbury, a 
▼ery worthy man, and life-long acquaintance and friend of 
the family, who lived but a little more than six months 
after their marriage. "Aunt Phebe/' as she is generally 
called, is one of those rare characters, who, like Dorcas of 
old, is always u full of good works and alms deeds which 
she did." When anybody has been sick in the neighbor- 
hood during the last fifty years, they have always sent for 
44 Aunt Phebe." An admirable nurse, kind and sympa- 


thizing, a friend to everybody, always full of good deeds, 
intelligent and exemplary, she lias passed a useful and 
honored life. Not merely her children, but hosts of others, 
will rise up and call her blessed. 

The three last-named persons, sisters, are now living, 
widows, two of them in one house, and the third within 
two miles of them. They are noble specimens of the old. 
fashioned sterling New England character. 

;514. MELISSA MOWBY, daughter of Gideon, born 8 : 
28, 1811 ; married 6 : — ,1840(?), Asa B. Gas kill, son of 
Ezekiel and Elizabeth Gaskill, of Uxbridge. She died 8 : 
10,1868. He died 8 : 25, 1868. 


866. Anno Estella, b. 9 : 2> 1842. 

367. George Henry, b. 8 : 22, 1845. 

868. Lavina Drew, b. 9 : 16, 1846 ; d. 7 : 2, 1847. 

8G9. Caroline Melissa, b. 8 : 25, 1850 ; d. 6 : 0, 1850. 

Asa B. Gaskill was also a Friend, and lived and died in 
Uxbridge. When his father-in-law, Gideon Mowry, gave 
up the active business of farming, he purchased the old 
homestead, and there passed the rest of his days. 

815. CAROLINE MOWBY, daughter of Gideon, born 

4 : 12, 1814; married 9 : 7,1887, David P. Whitb, M. D.' 
She died 6 : 6, 1889. He was born 9 : 4, 1806. He died 

5 : 28, 1874, aged nearly 69. They had no children. 

Dr. White was the son of Simon White, of Uxbridge. 
He settled in Douglas, where he passed his life, with an 
extensive practice in his profession. 


He ww three times married, and died leaving a widow 
and a family of children, one of which has taken his place 
as a physician, and succeeded to his business. 

316. RICHARD DENNIS MOWRY, son of Gideon, 
born 9 : 17, 1819 ; married * 9 : 13, 1888, Lucy Mobton 
Also, daughter of Joseph and Lydia Morton Albee, of 
Charlton, Mats. She was born in Charlton, 6 : 28, 1817. 


870. Helen Franeelia, b. 5 : 9, 1840. 

371. Sarah Elisabeth, b. 9 : 18, 1849. 

Married * in Providence, R. L, 12 : 3, 1868, Lucy M. 
Tar, former wife of Thompson Taft, Jr., of Blackstone, 
Mass., and daughter of Square Shove, of Blackstone. 


372. Richard Dennis, Jr., b. 9 : 11, 1870, in San 

Francisco, CaL 

Richard D. Mowry was for many years a prominent 
business man in Uxbridge, and held many town offices. 
He was for many years a member of the school committee, 
and frequently chairman of the committee, taking a lead* 
ing position in all educational affairs in the town, visiting 
the schools, and writing the reports of the committee. 
When quite a young man he bought a portion of his 
father's farm, with the house built by his brother Jonathan, 
and commenced life as a fanner, shoemaker, and school* 
teacher. After some years he sold his farm and engaged 
in mercantile pursuits in Uxbridge Centre. Hero he kept 


a large grocery, dry goods, and general variety store from 
1845 to 1867. During some portion of this time he had 
two stores, a tailoring establishment, and furniture ware- 
rooms* In the winter of 1868-9, he went to San Fran- 
cisco, CaL, where he now resides, engaged in trade. 

The family are greatly indebted to him for the marked 
ability, care, and skill with which he has prepared the 
extended memoir of his grandfather, Richard Mowry, 
which appears in this volume. 

Below is given a fac-simile of his autograph. 

817. SUSAN LYDIA MOWEY, daughter of Gideon, 
born 1 : 21, 1822 ; married 11 : 8, 1841, Srat S. Pitts, 
son of Abner and Polly Pitts, of Uxbridge. He was born 
6 : 26, 1818. 


373. Soth Franklin, b. 7 : 14, 1847. 

874. Dennis Mowry, b. 9 : 10, 1849. 

876. Leander Edward, b. 6 : 17, 1861; died 9 : 18, 

876. Susan Lydla, b. 7 : 17, 1868 } d. 8 : 18, 1868. 

877. Edward Harris, b. 11 : 11, 1865. 

878. George Arthur, b. 11 : 21, 1861 ; <L 11 : 12, 


Seth S. Pitts was variously engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness, principally in Uxbridge, from his marriago till about 


I860, when he emigrated to California. He is at present 
residing in Antioeh, Contra Costa Co. All his children, 
•except the youngest, were born in Uxbridge. He was born 
and died in California. 

818. HULDAH HARRIS MOWRY, daughter of Gid- 
eon, born 9 : 15, 1824 ; married 11 : 4, 1845, Leander H. 
AtWYXB, of Smithfield, R. L, son of Austin and Susan 
(Temple), of Shrewsbury, Mass. He was born in Provi- 
dence, R. I. f 9 : 28, 1826. 


879. Philena S., b. 9 : 28, 1848, in Uxbridge, Moss. 

Leander H. Sawyer was a wheelwright, and spent some 
jears in business with Daniel H. Aldrich in Uxbridge. He 
4arly went to California, soon after the discovery of gold 
there, and has been widely engaged in various kinds of 
business in that country. He is now living in East Oak* 
land, CaL 

819. MOWRY SABEN, son of Darling, born 11 : 24, 
1801, in Richmond, N. H. ; married * 10 : 26, 1881, Hah- 
icah Thompson, daughter of John and Lydia Thompson, of 
Swansey, N. H. She was born 10 : 2, 1806 ; died 8 : 24, 
1882. No children. 

Married • 2 : 5, 1886, Almhu Whsatov, daughter of 
Reuben Wheaton, of Tojrnsend, N. H. She was born 9 : 


880. Hannah T., b. 11 : 21, 1885; d. 2 : 24,1841. 

881. Pliebe M., b. 2 : 18, 1887 ; d. 2 : 24, 1841. 


882. Reuben W., b. 9 : 25, 1888 ; d. 2 : 24, 1841. 

388. Sydney, b. 5 : 80, 1840 ; d. 2 : 27, 1841. 

884. Infant, b. 1:21, 1842; d. 1 : 21, 1842. 

885. Alvah, b. 1 : 15, 1848; d. 9 : 24, 1844. 

886. Levi, b. 10 : 16, 1844. 
387. Mary, b. 5 : 25, 1847. 

Mowry Saben is still living in Winchester, N. H., a 
strong, robust man, seventy-seven years of age. He is a 
farmer, and has been largely engaged in various matters 
of public business, settling estates, etc. He has been for 
many years deacon in the Congregational Church in Win- 
chester. This office he has recently resigned, and his son 
Levi has been elected to fill his place. Mowry Saben is an 
excellent man, respected and beloved by all. 

320. LUCY SABEN, daughter of Darling Saben, born 
11 : 18, 1808 ; married 11 : 25, 1824, Lsvi Wiublsb, son of 
Peregrine Wheeler, of Richmond, N. H. She died 9 : Z, 
1858. He was born 4 : 26, 1802. He died 5 : 26, 1858. 


888. Peregrine, b. 10 : 25, 1826 ; d. 6 : 19, 1829. 

889. Sarah Carter, b. 12 : 5, 1828. 

890. Levi P., b. 1 : 26, 1881 ; not married ; lives in 


891. Phebe Mowry, b. 5 : 2, 1888. 
392. Lucy Saben, b. 6 : 16, 1886. 

898. Hannah, b. 4 : 28, 1887 ; d. 7 : 16, 1888. 

394. Jonas R., b. 12 : 12, 1888. 

895. Henry, b. 7 : 19, 1841. 

396. Darling Saben, b. 10 : 81, 1844. 

897. Lydia Jane, b. 9 : 18, 1848. 


832. BICHABD ALDRICH, son of Paul, born 8 : 20, 
1807 ; married l 11 : 8, 1881, Mary C. Dunk. Site died 
10 : 80, 1865. 


808. Luther R., b. 9 : 9, 1882. 
899. Arnold D., b. 8 : 29, 1885. 
400. Cyrus P., b. 2 : 17, 1889. 

Married • 7 : 12, 1868, Louisa P. Dumr. Richard Uvea 
in Upton, Maes. 

888. NABCISSA ALDRICH, daughter of Paul, born 
4 : 2, 1809, in Nortbbridge, Maae. Married 4 : 27, 1886, 
Rupua Pake, MoTed to Ohio, and settled in Limarille, 
Stark Co., where she still resides, Rufus Paine died in 



401. Louis, b. 12 : 4, 1887, in Salem, 0. 

402. Rufus Smith, b. 12 : 5, 1889, in Limarille, 0. 

He died in 1865. 
408. Henry, b. 12 : 24, 1841. 
404. Erelin Lamira, b. 4 : 28, 1847. 

886. RUTH MOWRY ALDRICH, daughter of Paul, 
born 2 : 14, 1818 ; married 10 mo. 1848, Heuby Hodoes, 
of Fozboro*. They lire in Brooklyn, X. Y. 


406. Charles Henry, b. 4 : 80, 1845. 

406. George Walter, b. 10 : — , 1847. 

407. Prank; died young. 

408. Amey Antoinette, b. 6 mo. 1860. 

409. * Jennie Ruth, b. 4 mo. 1862. 


386. THOMAS P. ALDEICH, son of Paul, born 11 : 
6, 1820 ; married 11 : 80, 1848, Sarah C. Rockwood. 


410. Annie E., b. 8 : 22, 1844. 

411. Lewellyn R,, b. 9 : 9, 1848 ; d. 10 : 18, 1854. 

412. Esther Narcissa, b. 2 : 26, 1864. 

Thomas P. Aldrich Htos in Worcester. 

837. HENRY A, ALDRICH, son of Paul, born 6 : 1, 
1826 ; married 11 : 26, 1861, Mart M. Alorioh, of Upton, 


418. Mary Henriette, b. 6 mo. 1866 ; d. 9 mo. 1867. 

414. Ainey Maria, b. 6 : 10, 1870. 

415. Ethel Mowry, born 1 : 5, 1874 ; d. 6 : 81, 1874. 

He lives in Westboro', Mass. 

842. GIDEON MOWRY SABEN, son of Israel and 
Sarah Mowry Saben, born 2 : 8, 1819 ; married 9 : 8, 1845, 
Mart A. Farxsworth. He died 8 : 17, 1849 ; she died 
2 : 6, 1862. 


416. Richard Mowry, b. 5 : 28, 1847 ; d. 8 : 24, 1864. 

417. Gideon F., b. 1 : 28, 1860 ; d. 10 : 17, 1850. 

Richard Mowry was a member of the Forty-second Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers, and diod at Alexandria, Va. 

848. ISRAEL SABEN, Jr., son of Israel and Sarah 
Mowry Saben, born 1 : 7, 1821 ; married 8 : 18, 1867, 
Ltdia J. Albee. 



418. Israel M., b. 3 : 24, 1870. 

419. Jennie May, b. 5 : 19, 18T3. 

Israel Saben, Jr., is on honorable, upright man, a farmer 
in North Uxbridge, Mass., veil to do, and much respected 
by his townsmen and a vide circle of friends. He has 
one of the best farms in the Blackstone Valley, and is one 
of the best farmers. His barn is eighty feet long, and after 
haying is generally well filled. His land, naturally of 
excellent soil, is under the highest state of cultivation, and 
rewards his labor with the most abundant yield. His 
stock is of the best breeds, and it is a fleet horse that will 
pass his upon the road. It may well be doubted whether 
any class or. profession in the community is more inde- 
pendent or more comfortably situated than a well-to-do 
farmer, upon an excellent farm Jike that of Israel Saben. 

844. LUCY SABEN, daughter of Israel and Sarah 
Mowry Saben, born 4 : 1, 1824 ; not married. An esti- 
mable lady, living with her brother, possessing a strong 
and a tenacious memory. 

845. ANNE MOWRY SABEN, daughter of Israel and 
Sarah Mowry Saben, born 6 : 11, 1826 ; married 7 : 6, 
1845, Chandler Hall. They live in North Uxbridge, 



Andrew P., b. 5 : 26, 1848 
Sarah Etta, b. 7 : 25, 1860. 



848. RUTH WHEELER MOWRY, daughter of Jon- 
athan, born 6 : 6, 1822 ; married 9 : 21, 1841, George 
Ikxax, of BurrilMlle, R. I., son of George Inman. He 
was born 12 : 23, 1818 ; died 8 : 7, 1876, aged 57 yean, 
7 months, 14 days. 



422. George Buffum, b. 8 : 18, 1848. 

428. Willard Frederick, b. 7 : 8, 1846. 

424. Eugene Ferdinand, b. 8 : 29, 1847. • 

425. Arthur Inring, b. 1 : 11, 1850. 

426. Eliza Ann, b. 1 : 14, 1852. 

427. Augustus Washington, b. 12 : 24, 1858. 

428. Walter Samuel, b. 12 : 24, 1856. 

429. Mary Alberta, b. 1 : 80, 1859. 

480. Alice Wood, b. 6 : 80, 1861. 

481. Charlie Elmer, b. 2 : 24, 1865. 

George Iiuuuu was a lineal descendant from that Edward 
Inman whose daughter Johannah married, in 1666, Nathan- 
iel Mowry, the father of all this race of Mowrys. He was 
a farmer, an honest man, a good neighbor, a kind friend, 


*nd an intelligent citizen. On a small farm, with poor 
health, he and bis wife brought up and educated a family 
of ten children* 

The following obituary notice appeared in the editorial 
columns of the Woontocket Patriot a few days subsequent 
to hit death. 


" ' Let not Ambition mock their useful toll, 
Their homely Joyt mid destiny obscure; 
Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile 
The short and simple annals of the poor. 

" ' Far from the mad'ning crowd's ignoble strife, 
• Their sober wishes never learned to stray: 
Along the cool, sequestered rale of life, 
They kept the noiseless tenor of their way. 

" ' Large was his bounty, and his soul sinoero; 
.Heaven did a recompense as largely send.' 

" ' The times change, and the people change with them/ 
wrote the old Roman* New England at the present day 
is no exception to the truth of these words. If ' God 
made the country, and man made the town/ but few per* 
sons nowadays choose to remain in God's dominions, but 
most prefer the excitement, or the vices, or both, of the 
crowded m<m4oum. 

" It is refreshing, once in a while, to look upon a picture 
of the olden time ; to And a strong man, intelligent, active, 
but disposed to remain upon the homestead of his fathers, 
and spond his life in the qnict contentment of agricultural 

" Ooorgo Inman was born 12th month, 28U, 1818, in tho 
house where he always lived, and whero he died. He was 
the son of George, and his first-born bears tlio same name. 
His earliest ancestor in America was Edward Inman, who 
with Stephen Arnold and John and Nathaniel Mowry, 


commenced the first settlement in Northern Rhode Island 
as early as the year 1850. 

"Through the whole history of this colony and this 
State, the descendants of Edward have figured more or 
less prominently in matters relating to the public and 
private welfare of Northern Rhode Island* 

" Conspicuous among the many honored names of this, 
family, for quiot contentment, for domestic virtues, for 
honest integrity, stands the name of him who is the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

" Thirty-five years of his married life had nearly passed 
before death broke the circle of his own immediate family, 
and then it was to leave his wife a widow and his ten children 
fatherless. On a small farm, which for many years, dur- 
ing the life-time of his mother, he conducted ' upon shares/ 
he had managed to bring up a large family, the member* 
of which, together with a host of oft-visiting friends, will 
ever remember the abundance of good cheer, the quiet, 
contented spirit of happiness and geod feeling which ever 
pervaded the household. It will never be knoyrn her* 
what tact and management were necessary on the part of 
this worthy couple, what forethought and planning were 
needed to anticipate and supply all the wants of this grow- 
ing family of seven boys and three girls ; how they were 
clothed and fed, and how all, save the youngest two, have 
had opportunities for intellectual culture in some of the 
best high and normal schools of New England. These ten 
children and three grandchildren, hurried home by the 
news of his mortal illness, stood around his bedside and 
ministered to his wants with willing and affectionate hands, 
during his latest hours, and received his last blessing. 

"Just at high noon, having finished all his earthly 
duties, in the full possession of his faculties, death crept 
over him, and with the words, ' It grows misty ; I cannot 
see, 9 he passed away from earth. 


"Few New England homes hare been pervaded by a 
•purer spirit of domestic peace than this one. Few families 
can show ten children brought up to greater thrift and 
energy of character, than in this instance. As the wid- 
owed mother of these children looks back upon the pictures 
which memory brings crowding upon the mind, well may 
she rejoice and be truly grateful to the Giver of all bless* 
ings for the measure of good that has been bestowed upon 
her, and she will have abundant reason to say, ' Through 
much tribulation are we made perfect 9 " 

860. WILLIAM A. MOWBY, son of Jonathan, born 8 r 
18, 1829 ; married ' 11 : 15, 1849, Bufqt ▲ M. E. Weaves, 
daughter of Nehemiah K. and Freelove 1L Weaver, Slaters- 
vflle,K.L She was born 11: 11, 1881; died 3: 11, 1850, 
aged 18 years and 4 months, of consumption, four months 
after her marriage. 

Harried 9 4 : 29, 1868, Gutoupn E. Aldbich, daughter 
of Eiekiel and Elisa D. Aldrich, Woonsocket, R* L She 
was born 8 : 15, 1885. 


482. Walter Herbert, b. 6 : 29, 1869. 
488. Arthur May, b. 1:19, 1862. 
484. Bath Emetine, b. 6 : 16, 1867. 

Wniiam A. Mowry has been a teaeher in Providence, R. 
L,for more than twenty years. He began teaching in 
1847, in Mohegan, B. L During the next four years he 
taught in BarrJttrflle, Uxbridge, and Whitinsville. He 
then fitted for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 
▼here he graduated in 1864, and entered Brown Univer- 
sity. Prevented by ill health from completing tho course, 


he was obliged to leave college, and traveled to recruit his 
health. From September, 1867, to February, 1860, he was 
the editor and publisher of the Rhode Island Schoolmaster. 
From May, 1858, to February, 1864, he taught iu the pub- 
lic High School, Providence, during most of which time he 
was the principal of the English and Scientific Department. 
In September, 1862, he enlisted in the Eleventh Regiment 
R. I. Infantry, and was promoted to a captaincy. He took 
command of Company E, and served through the term for 
which the regiment ettlisted,and was honorably discharged, 
July 18, 1868. He was a licensed preacher of the Congrega- 
tional Church, and for nearly a year was acting pastor of 
the Elmwood Congregational Church, Cranston, afterwards 
Providence. He was the superintendent of the public 
schools of Cranston from 1864 to 1866. 

In February, 1864, he commenced " T#h Enolibh and 
Classical School," a private institution for boys, of which 
he is now the senior principal. The school now numbers 
two hundred and fifty pupils, and lias fifteen teachers. 

In 1866 he received the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts from Brown University, and was subsequently elected 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity. 

He has been active in educational movements, especially 
in connection with the Rhode Island Institute of Instruc- 
tion, of which he has been president, and the American 
Institute of Instruction. He has been interested in public 
movements, and a member of several societies, among 
which may be named the Providence Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, the Providence Franklin Society/ the 
Rhode Island Society for the Encouragement of Domestic 


Industry,, the Bhode Island Horticultural Society, and the 
Bhode Island Historical Society. 

He is the author of some small publications, among- 
which may be mentioned,. " Who Invented the First Amer- 
ican Steamboat ? " published by the New Hampshire An- 
tiquarian Society. 

He has given lectures before the normal schools of 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut ; teachers 9 
institutes in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Bhode Island, 
Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania; the Bhode 
Island Historical Society, and other societies, and has con- 
tributed variously for the press. 

Below is given a fee-simile of his handwriting. 

.. • 

\ f fCiCi**v*<. ^t . 

s/~$, ■•*'* ' 'f? '* 


861. JOANNA WHEELER CHASE, daughter of 
Cromwell, bom 6 : 9, 1829 ; married 4 : 10, 1862, Jcrrat- 
aoH Rmohotok, of Smlthfield, B. L She died 7 : 81, 1864. 


486. Harriet Elisabeth, b. 6 : 6, 1868 ; d. 8 : 29, 1868. 

For many year* Joanna W. Chase was a successful 
teacher of youth. Having a good mind, well trained, she 


was happy in her chosen profession. She was married at 
the age of thirty-three, but did not long live to enjoy do* 
mestio happiness in a family of her own. She never was 
well after the birth of her first-born and only child. That 
child lived to be less tlian three months old, and she sur- 
vived it less than a year. 

son of Cromwell, born 6 : 12, 1882 ; married 5 : 21, 1861, 
Mary Givbns Darling, daughter of James and Hannah 
Darling, of Millville, Mass. 


486. William Earle, | ^ b . a : ^ 1866 . 

487. Mabel Josephine, ) 

Robinson J. M. Chase is a good example of one who* 
has attained success in life in spite of adverse circum- 
stances, by sheer force of character and honesty of- pur- 
pose. Sent out upon the world at ten years of age to earn 
his living, he secured a good education, and circumstances 
having placed him in a woolen factory, he came up through 
all the stages of cassimere manufacturing, from the errand 
and chore boy in the cloth-room, to the head accountant 
in the counting-room and the superintendent of the mill. 
He has always manifested good judgment, whether in the- 
management of business affairs, or the choice of a wife ; 
and could always be depended upon by all who had occa- 
sion to call upon him for any aid or service in the cause of 
truth and right. He lived in Millville, Mass., from the age 
of fourteen till 1870, when, the mill having been burned, 
lio removed to Mystic Bridge, Ct., and for five years was 


at the head of the counting-room of the Oceanic Woolen 
Company. He was subsequently superintendent of a 
woolen mill for the manufacture of fine faucy cossimeres, 
in White Deer, Penn., and is now holding a similar posi- 
tion in Franklin, N. J. 

368. JONATHAN M. CHASE, son of Cromwell, born 
2 : 20, 1886 ; married 10 : 20, 1858, Ellen Louisa Perry, 
born in Newport, N. H., 4 : 11, 1888. 


• 488. Joaeph Bobinaon, b. 12 : 18, 1859, iu Lysander, 


489. George Jonathan, b. 1 : 8, 1868, in Wilmot, 
Waterloo Co., Ont 

440. Ellen Joanna, b. 12 : 18, 1872, in Derby, Gray 

Co., Ont 

441. Ha Lucetta, b. 10 : 31, 1876, in Elderaloj (vil- 

lage of Chetlcy), Brace Co., Ont 

Jonathan M. Chase is another example of resolution, 
intel l igence, and integrity. When a young mau he was 
employed in a mercantile house in Providence, R. I. ; from 
there he went West, and was engaged in farming in Ly- 
sander, HI. Subsequently he moved to Ontario, and for 
the past twelve years he has been engaged in the manu- 
facture of woolen goods. He is now running a mill in 
Chesley, Bruce Co., Ont. 

866. RUTH ELIZABETH GASKILL, daughter of 
Joseph, born 4 : 28,1830; married 11: 20, 1856, Aabox 
B. White, son of Arnold White, of Douglas. She died 
10 : 4, 1867. 

• • • 



442. Joseph Arnold, b. 9 : 5, 1857 ; d. 11 : 10, 1867. 

She obtained a good education, and taught school several 
years before her marriage. Possessing by nature* a kind 
and amiable disposition, she succeeded in winning many 
friends. With a good heart and a cultivated mind, her 
future was bright and promising, but she was cut down in 
the prime of life by disease, and died lamented by all who 
knew her. 

869. L1NDLEY MURRAY OASKILL, son of Joseph, 
born 9 : 7, 1847. 

He spent his boyhood on the home farm, sectoring there 
and at schools elsewhere a good English education. He 
carried on the farm for several years, teaching school win* 
ters ; made an extended tour in the West ; visited various 
States in the Mississippi Valley, California and Utah, and 
is now engaged in business in Millville, Mass. He is not 

861. MARY BRAYTON ALDRICH, daughter of 
Daniel II., born 2 : 20, 1882 ; married 7 : 8, 1868, Wil- 
liam Hknby Cuipman. 


448. Eugene Augustus, b. 2 : 21, 1864. 
444. i'hebe Mowry, b. 7 : 81, 1867. 

Mr. Chipman was born in Uxbridge, Mass., in 1880. He 
is a carpenter by trade, a man of integrity and honor, 
much respected, and resides in Woonsocket, R. L His 

08CAB D. ALDRICH. 221 

wile received a good English education, and taught school 
for some years previous to her marriage, very successfully. 
She is possessed of great amiability, and she and her hus- 
band have a wide circle of friends* 

862. GIDEON M. ALDRICH, son of Daniel H., born 
1 : 29, 1884 ; married 9 : 8, 1866, Patience A. Phettk- 
place, of Uxbridge. She was born 1 : 4, 1836, in Slaters- 


446. Frederick Jonathan, b. 4 : 28, 1 866. 

446. Alice Minerva, b. 7 : 20, 1860. 

447. Leahder Sawyer, b. 4 : 20, 1862. 

Gideon M. Aldrieh is one of the sterling men of his 
native town. He is' a master mechanic, and of his work- 
manship " he ncedeth hot to be ashamed." 

Sinc3 the death of his father in 1870, he has carried on 
a large business, comprising a saw-mill, shingle-mill, wheel* 
wright and blacksmith shop. He is largely engaged in 
town and other public business, and is a very useful and 
worthy man, highly esteemed by all who know him. 

366. OSCAR DbW. ALDRICH, sou of Daniel H., 
bora 12 : 26, 1848 ; married 7 : 8, 1872, Mary E. Mobsb, 
born in Douglas, Mass., in 1848. 


448. Barle Mowry, b. 8 : 28 % 1874. 

Oscar D. Aldrieh has been a farmer and a carriage- 
maker. He is now a merchant of Woonsocket, where he 
and his wife keep a large and popular millinery store. 



366. ANNE ESTELLA G A SKILL, daughter of Asa 
B., born 9 : 2, 1842 ; married 5 : 26, 1863, Obobqr W. 
Bolster, son of Washington Bolster, of Uxbridge. 


440. Cora Melissa, b. 2 : 13, 1864. 

After some years spent in the Mississippi Valley, Mr. 
Bolster has returned to his native town, and now lives upon 
the old homestead, where the Mowrys have resided for a 
full century. 

367. GEORGE HENBY GASKTLL, son of Asa B., 
born 8:22, 1845; married in Missouri, 1 mo.—, 1872, 
Sarah Woods, of Ohio. 


460. Hattie Estella, h. 4 : — , 1878. 
451. Charles Edward, b. 10 : — , 1875. 

For the last eight or ten years, Mr. George H. Gaskill 
has resided in Missouri, engaged in farming. 

870. HELEN FRANCELIA MOWBY, daughter of 
Bichard D., born 5 : 9, 1840; married 1 : 27, 1864, 
Charlh A. Aldrich, son of Arnold and Lucy Aldrieh. 


452. Morton Arnold, born 1 : 6, 1874, in Boston 

Helen F. Mowry received an excellent education, gradu- 
ating at the Laselle Female Seminary in Auburndale, Mass. 
She taught as first assistant in the Woonsocket High 


School for sereral years with excellent success. She inar- 
tied Mr. Charles A. Aid rich, a wholesale boot and shoe 
merchant, in Boston. Mr. Aldrich is a very successful 
husiness man, honorable and upright, of unblemished 
Christian character. They are highly respected, and lie- 
loved by a wide circle of friends. 

871. SARAH ELIZABETH MOWBT, daughter of 
Richard D., born 9 : 18, 1849 ; married 1 : 27, 1869, Wal- 
ter P. Scott, son of Samuel and Susan Farnum Scott, of 
TTxbridge, Mass. 

Mr. Scott is a woolen manufacturer in Jewett City, Conn. 
They are rery fine people, intelligent, honorable, and re- 
spected by all* 

878. SETH FRANKLIN PITTS, son of Setli S., born 
7 : 14, 1847, in Uxbridge, Mass.^ married 11 : 20, 1870, 
Nannie E. Gift, of California. She was born 12 : 1, 18»3, 
in Shelby Co., Tenn. 


458. William Franklin, b. 9 : 18, 1871. 
464. George Edward, b. 2 : 8, 1873. 

He and his two brothers lire in Antioch, Cal. I am told 
they are upright, honorable men, making a good reputation 
for themselfos. 

874. DENNIS MOWRY PITTS, son of Seth S., born 
$ : 10, 1849, in Uxbridge, Mass. ; married 8 : 6, 1872, 
Frjlnkii S. Wilds, of California. She was born 11 : 20, 
1861, in California. 


377- EDWARD HARRIS PITTS, son of Seth S.„ 
born 11 : 11, 1856 ; not married. 

886. LEVI SABEN, ion of Mowry Saben 9 born 10 : 1ft, 
1844, in Winchester, N. H. ; married 1 : 1, 1869, Maby A. 
Toucan, daughter of Elisha H. Tolman, of Troy, N. H. 
She was born 2 : 10, 1849. 


465. Alfred Levi, b. 12 : 14, 1869. 

Levi Saben is a worthy eon of a good father. He is a 
farmer in Winchester, N. H., and a deacon in the Congre- 
gational Chnrch. His wife is a lady of good education, of 
estimable character, and a fine writer. She has contrib- 
uted somewhat to periodical literature, especially in po- 
etry. When she was about twenty years old, she commit- 
ted to memory the entire New Testament. Levi's sister 
Mary is an intelligent young lady, well educated at the 
Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. She is a teacher ; not 

The following families, children of Levi and Lucy 
Wheeler, I know but little of. What facts could be gathered 
are given below. 

889. SARAH CARTER WHEELER, daughter of Levi, 
born 12 : 5, 1828 ; married 2 : 26, 1851, John Wabrdc 
Colbuuh, of Rindge, N. H. He was born 8 : 11, 1827. 


466. Fanny Floretta, b. 1 : 18, 1862, in Rochester, 

N. T. 

467. Ella Jane, b, 4 : 7, 1868, in Rochester, N. T. 

468. Sarah Lucy, b. 8 : 8, 1856, in Elkland, Pa. 

469. Levi John, b. 6 : 10, 1860, in Rochester, tf. Y. 


891. PHEBE MOWRY WHEELER, daughter of Levi, 
born 5 : 2, 1888 ; married 4 : 7 9 1862, Christopkeb C. Robb, 
of Stoddard, N. H. He was born 11 : 27, 1826. She died 
in Jane, 1877. 


460. Granrille Henri, b. 2 : 7, 1864; d. 11 : 24, 


461. Mitm Lillkn, b. 1 : 16, 1868. 

892. LUCY SABEN WHEELER, daughter of Levi, 
bora 6 : 16, 1886 ; married 9 : 14, 1866, Willabd J. Bal- 
lou, of Richmond, N. H. 


462. Willie Wallace, b. 6 : 26, 1861 ; d, 10 : 19, 1868. 

894. JONAS R. WHEELER, son of Levi, born 12 : 12, 
1888; married 6 : 21, 1868, Nsllib Maria Weeks, of 
Richmond, N. H. 


468. Hattie J., b. 11 : 21, 1869. 

464. Ida M., b. 4 : 6, 1861, 

466. Fred L., b. 8 : 4, 1868. 

466. Waldo J., b. 9 : 80, 1864. 

467. Alice J., b. 9 : 21, 1866. 
468.' Truman W., b. 4 : 19, 1876. 

896. HENRY WHKKLER, son of Levi, born 7 : 19, 
1841 ; married at Athol, Mate., 6 : 6, 1862, Mabt E. Tal- 
bot, of Swansea, N. H. She vaa born 8 : 8, 1841. 



469. Charles H., b. 5 : 4, 1863, in Richmond, N. H.; 

d. 8 : 29, 1868. 

470. Gertrude S., b. 6 : 18, 1864, in Richmond ; d. 


471. Lucy J., b. 12 : 4, 1865, in Fine Island, Minn. 

472. Olive Ln b. 2 : 18, 1867, in Pine Island, Minn. 
478. Alice M., b. 7 : 9, 1868, in West Union, Minn. ; 

d. 8 : 28, 1868. 

474. Abbie M., b. 8 : 20, 1869, in West Union, Minn. 

475. Eate A., b. 10 : 8, 1870, in West Union, Minn. ; 

d. 2 : 12, 1871. 

476. Henry L., b. 10 : 24, 1871. 

477. Hugh H., b. 1 : 25, 1878 ; d. 2 : 4, 1875, in 

West Union, Minn. 

478. Fern F., h. 8 : 12, 1876, in Sank Centre, Minn. 

896. DARLING SABEN WHEELER, son of Levi, 
born 10 : 81, 1844 ; married 8 : 31, 1866, Mabt ECLrar 
Buss. She was born 11 : 11, 1849. 


479. Lubin Adelbert, b. 9 : 4, 1867. 

480. Bertha Blanchie, b. 12 : 7, 1869. 

481. Winfred Dawson, b. 6 : 6, 1873. 

482. Ethel Mary, b. 7 : 26, 1875. 


They lire in Minnesota. 

307* LYDIA JANE WHEELER, daughter of Leri, 
born 9 : 18, 1848 ; married 10 : 18, 1874, Truman Allot, 
at Dansrille, N. Y. 

The following families, children of Richard and Mary, 
{Dunn) Aldrich, I know but little about What facts are 
known are here recorded 


898. LUTHER R. ALDRICH, son of Richard, born 
9 : 9, 1882 ; married Causta M. Fobbush, 5 : 27, 1852. 

899. ARNOLD D; ALDRICH, son of Richard, bora 8 : 
29, 1886; married 11 : 25, 1859, Hannah F. Knowxes. 

400. CYRUS P. ALDRICH, son of Richard, born 2 : 
17, 1889 ; married 7 : 24, 1862, Mabtha H. Ekowles. 

488. Ernest Richard, b. 7 : 17, 1865. 

401. Rir. LOUIS PAINE, son of Rofos, born in Salem, 
O., 12 : 4, 1887 ; married l Mabt E. Cusuiikos, in Salem, 
O. ; married * 8 : 21, 1865, Mabt E. Lino, of Canton, 0. 


484. Adelbcrt, b. 7 : 80, 1868, at Liinaville, O. ; d. 

486. Bertram Lind, b. 8 : 9, 1867, in Rochester, Pa. 

486. Mary Myrtilla, b. 10 : 21, 1869, in Rochester, Pa. 

487. Lura Belle, b. 2 : 2, 1871, in Limaville, O. 

488. Stella Rotaiie, b. 12 : 29, 1872, in Limaville, 0. ; 

d. 5 : 8, 1875, at Pittsburg, Pa. 

489. Louis Henry, b. 10 : 1, 1875, in Limaville, 0. 

Louis Paine graduated at Mount Union College in 1862. 
He entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
the same year, and lias been stationed at various places iu 
Ohio and Pennsylvania. 

408. HENRY PAINE, son of Rofos, b. 12 : 24, 1841 ; 
married 8 : 2, 1865, Prakcts L. Dat, of Limaville, 0. 



490. Herbert Day, b. 3 : 5, 1866. 

491. Stella Louise, b. 7 : — , 1874. 

He is a banker, and dealer in agricultural implements, in 
Deeorah, Iowa. 

404. EVELIN L. PAINE, daughter of Eufus, born 4 : 
28, 1847 ; married 10 : 18, 1866, Charles T. Mattxngly, 
of Plymouth, Ind. He is engaged in the lumber trade. 

405. CHARLES HENRY HODGES, son of Henry, 
born 4 : 80, 1845 ; married 9 : — , 1871, Era a Webb. 
Reside in Brooklyn, N. Y. 


492. Charles N., b. 1 : — , 1874. 

410. ANNIE E. ALDBICH, daughter of Thomas P., 
born 8 : 22, 1844 ; married 11 : 80, 1871, Wiluaii Pktot. 


498. Rotli Mary, b. 11 : 26, 1872. 

494. George Llewellyn, b. 12 : 5, 1874. 

495. Fred William, b. 11 : 29, 1876. 

421. .SARAH ETTA HALL, daughter of Chandler, 
born 7 : 25, 1860 ; married 1 : 1, 1878, Hbrbebt Ballou, 
son of Welcome Ballon, of Uxbridge, Mass. He was born 
2 : 19, 1854. 



422. GEORGE BUFFUM INMAN, son of George, 
born 8 : 18, 1848 ; married 8 : 7, 1867, Ellen B. Kknt, 
daughter of William B. Kent, of Providence. No children. 

George B. Inman seenred a good English education, and 
taught school for several years. He was first-lieutenant 
in the Serenth Regiment Bhode Island Volunteers, from 
which he was honorably discharged. He was in the battle 
of Fredericksburg, attached to the Ambulance Corps. For 
some years past he has been engaged with his brother Wil- 
lard, as contractor in laying water pipes and building sew- 
ers, in Providence, Taunton, Newport, and Pawtiicket 

428. WILLABD P. INMAN, son of George, born 7 : 
8, 1846 ; married 7 : 8, 1868, Ruth A. Bradford, daugh- 
ter of WUlard and Laura A. Bradford, of Smithfield, R. I. 
She died 11 : 9, 1877. 


496, Fred May, b. 5 : 4, 1869. 

497. Caroline Winslow, b. 7 : 80, 1871. 


He was educated at Mowry & Golfs English and Clas- 
sical School, Providence, and for some years was employed 
as clerk, bookkeeper, and salesman in several stores* In 
1869 he opened a large new store in Elmwood, Providence, 
where he sold groceries, dry goods, meats and vegetables, 
boots and shoes, etc He conducted a large business for sev- 
eral years. Having, however, sold ont this business, he has 
been engaged for some years past aa contractor in laying 
water pipes, and constructing sewers in several cities and 
large towns in New England and elsewhere. 

424. EUGENE FERDINAND INMAN, son of George, 
born 8 : 29, 1847 ; married 9 : 26, 1872, Sarah France* 
Taylor, of Westerly, R. I. 

408. Itutk Ellft, b, 10 ino. 9, 1877. 

He acquired a good English education at Mowry <fc 
GofFs English and Classical School, Providence, and went 
to Millville, Mass., to learn the business of woolen manu- 
facturing. After several years at Millville, he removed to 
Westerly, R. L, where he now remains, following the same 
business, employed in the weaving-room in making chain 
and the care of looms. He is a young man of excellent 
character, honorable and upright in every transaction. 

426. ARTHUR I. INMAN, son of George, born 1 mo. 
11, I860; married 10 mo. 81, 1877, Euphxmia Rbxd, 
daughter of Andrew Reid, of Providence. He received hia 
education at the same place as his next older brothers. He 
is an excellent young man ; intelligent, active, and honest. 


426. ELIZA ANN INMAN, daughter of George, born 
1 : 14, 1862 ; married 10 : 14, 1874, Geobge R. Loud, son 
of John A. EL and Betsey Hunt Loud, of Weymouth, 
Man. He waa born 11 : 29, 1849. 


499, Mabel Alice, b. 7 : 12, 1875. 
. 600. Harry Bertram, b. 7 : 21, 1877. 

Educated at the B. L Normal School, she taught school 
in Providence till her marriage. She was a successful 
teacher. Her husband is bookkeeper for a large dry goods 
house in Providence. He is an excellent young man, of 
good promise. 

429. MABY ALBERTA INMAN, daughter of George, 
born 1 : 80, 1869 ; married 7 : 4, 1878, Webster Loud, of 
Weymouth, Mass., brother of George B., mentioned above* 

She was a successful teacher for some years after leav- 
ing this Bhode Island Normal School, where she was edu- 
cated. Mr. Loud is in the shoe business in Weymouth. 


PtM 25. Fourth line from the top, instead of 1716 read 1718. 
Pam 00. From sixth to tenth lines inclusive, read m follows: 

M In 1708 sho married his son Sylvester, with whom sheliredhap- 

P*lj Jftv-two years, when she died, aged eighty-one yeans mourned 

by a large circle of descendants and friends." 
Pagb IIS. Fifth line from the top, Richakd Mowby should be 

nnmbered 16ft. 

Horn.— Ttw reader nay have obserred that * fao-eJasUe of the handwrit. 
tef has been firon in this hook of ovary an In tho direct tine from 
Nathajriel,— the t?oet father of ossll,— down through tbo several genera- 
tion to the writer of thie history. Il would seem a remarkable elreojBstaoeo 
thas alter the lajm of mnmny yean tho autographs should bo found, still 
of tho entire lino from tho tot ancestor tn this oountry to tho 
no. To show the feet more fully, and to give opportunity to com- 
pare tho handwriting of eanaeontive members of tho amino family for so long 
a period of time, thoaa fan eJmilsa aro hoao grouped together* 

written in 1T11, 
2. Htstwo 


called « Captain Joseph," written in 1T30. 
0. "Captain Joseph's" son 

oallod M Captain Daniel," written probably about 1740, 
4, Hla throe sons, 

oaUad « Lawyer Joseph," written in lift* 

••Judge Daniel," written in 1700; 

oallad M Colonol Uaha," written about 1775. 

& M Lawyer Jotapht" ma 

called "Preacher BiohardY' written In 1892. 
6. Hit ton 

written In 1337. 
T. Bit two toss 

written about 1828; 

(/ //^t^A^UveC. 

written In 1ST7. 
8, Joaathan'aton, 

\ / ruCc^uuuu JH \ 

^/~$, ■&*. ' r? t. 


Here it tho entire Um of latter and ma through tight goneretlena, reeeb- 
lag back to t ho beginning of tho eighteenth oratory, and oovering a porlod of 
oat kmmdrtd and t faf y iia yean. It It aaldom that tho papera of a mmlly an 
to wall pt ot t rrod at to permit toon an exhibit of tho handwriting. 

Tho throt portraita art all that ooold bo obtained of tho Howry family. 
Indeed, UiorotrebiU two men now living of tho doteendtntt of Blehard, by 
tho name of Howry. 


mo as DiuccxDAjm or Sato akibl. 

Aim, i. of Stephen. 
AbM,s.<K AUel, 
AbM, ■. of Bldu, 

Abigail, d. Of JotMtkH, 

Abigail, d. of OHref , 
Adah, d. of AMei, 
Ahafe, a. of BWh, 
Ato, d. of SUbIm, 
Alcy, d. of lareel, 
Alto, d. of Denial, 
Alto, d. of Jonah, 
Alto (or Aim), i.ot Jeoa* 
Alsada, d. of Uriah, 
■ .- - Shaba, 

kmmm, •. of fl 

Amy, d. of DhU, 
Akmw, d. of Henry, 
Aioey, d. of Itntel, 
Amey, d. of Joaenh, 
Amoj.tLof Richard, 
Andrew, a. of JoMlth, 
Angelina, d. of AbW, 
Ann*, d. of Iarael, 
Ana, d. of John, 
Ana, d. of Ji— raan, 
Aim, d. of SmW, 
Ann*, d. of Joeeph. 
Anae, d. of Ottvor, 
AiM, a. of toil, 
Arnold, a. of lanwl, 
Arthur fcL, a. of WUIkwi A 

Caleb, a. of a 

Caleb, a. of Jl 

Caroline, 4. of Gideon, 
Chariee, a. of atonai, 
Charlotte, d. of Stephen 
C Moo, d. of Hm ry , 
Cymhln, 0. of Uriah, 


Daniel, a. of Abie), 
Daniel, a. of Joeapli, 
Dnnial, a. of Daniel, 
Dn*M, Gideon, 
Deborah, 0. of Jonathan, 
Delphm d. of Uriah, 
Donas, i. of Gideon. 
Dorcas, <L of Jonathan, 

N, i. of Nathaniel, 

fanny, d. of Henry, 

. a. of Israel, 

George, a. of John, 
George, a. o( Uriah. 
George, a. of Henry, 
George, a. of Job, 
Gideon, a. of Uriah, 
Gideon, «. of Gideon. 
Gideon, a. of Bichard, 

Helen V., d. of Elehard D., 
Hour, a. of Nathaniel, 
Henry, a. of Klleha, 
Homy. a. of Henry, 
Haitian, d. of Stephen, 


Imwl. *. of Ellslia, 
Imtl, e.oI Iirael, 
laraal, a. of John, 
Ia»beUa,.Lof atdaoo, 

Jibm, e. of Oliver, 
Jwim, e. of John,,i.oi Abfel, 
' ■»,«. of Henry, 

._ », f- of Jo— ph, 

Jeremiah, «.cf Jeremiah, 
Jeremiah, i. of John, 
Jaw, *.of KUcha. 

JOMW. «. Of QiiOOK. 

Jooh, e. of Job. 
Jmdm, d. of Uriah, 
Job, a. of OUror. 
Job, •. Of Joeeph, 
Job, t. at Job, 
Jonathan, a. of Henry, 
Jonathan, a. of Uriah, 
Jonathan, a. uf Oldaon, 
Jool, a. of Henry, 

■*, 4. ol Nathaniel, 

a. of John, 

a. of John, 
a. of Joaeph, 
a. of John, 
a. of John, 
i, a. at Nathaniel, 
a, a. of Joooph, 

a, a. of Daniel, 
h. a. of Joooph, 
h, a. of Dental, 
h, a. of Jeremiah, 

b, a. of John, 

Levi, a. of Etoosar, 
Liaral, d. of Abiel, 
Luoetta, (Lot Gideon, 
Lydia,d.of F 

Mary, •!. of Daniel, 
Mary, d. of Steplien, 
Mary, d. of larael, 
Mary, d. of Daniol. 
Mary, d. of Xliafaa, 
Molina, d. of Gideon. 
Morton, a. nf Jeremiah, 


Nathaniel, a. of Nathaniel, 
Nathaniel, a. of JereiniaJt, 
Nathaniel, a. of Shaba, 
Nathaniel, a. of John, 
" -" a. of Uriah, 

Patience, d. of Natlianiel, 

" Bttaha, 

, A. of Tarae! , 

. 1, d. of Uriah, 

Patience, d. of Able), 
Poles, a. of JonaUian, 
Phebe, d. of Hanry, 
Phebe, d. of Joooph, 
Phebe, d. of KUafaa, 
Phobo, d. of ttlchard, 
Phebe, d. of Gideon, 
Phil*, d. of Eleosei , 
Philip; a. of Uriah. 

.of laraal, 

. of Jltoliard, 

., d. of lUohaid D., 

d. of (Direr, 



Stephen, a. of Uriah, 
Stephen, a. of Stophen, 
Susan, d% ol Abiel, 
Susan H, d. ol Gideon, 
Susanna, d. ol John. 
Susanna, d. of Wanton, 
8usenna, d. ol Israel, 
Sylvester t a* of Xlisha, 

Tabatha, d. of Abiel, 
Thankful, d. of Gideon, 
Thomas, a. of Daniel, 
Thomas, a. of Joseph, 
Tyler, a. ol Jeremiah, 

Uranah, d. ol Stephen, 
Urania, d* ol Jonathan, 
Uriah, a. ol Henry, 















Uriah, a. of Elisha, 40 

Uriah, a. of Gideon, 00 

Uriah, a. of Uriah, 127 

Waits, d. of Joseph, 25 

Waite, d. of Sliaba, 39 

Watte, d. of Richard, 216 

Waitee, d. of Israel, 119 
Walter H., a. of William A., 432 

Wanton, ft. of Uriah, 32 

Wanton, a. of Stephen, 79 

Welcome, a. of John, WO 

William, a. of John, 74 

William, ft. ol BUaaa, 108 

William A., a. of Jonathan, 3Q0 
Windsor, ft. ol Henry, . 140 

Ztbe, t. ol Job, 204 

IT. Or otheb Kamss thaw that or Mowsr, but xntasBXD a* 

Dsacni>A»T8 or Ricbabd. 



























Rath If., 
Thomas P., 
Henry A., 
Gideon M., 
Jonathan R., 
Luther R., 
Arnol d P., 
Cyras P., 




Llewellyn B. v 
Esther N., 
Mary H., 
Amey M., 
Frederick J., 
Alien M., 

Aldrieby Morton A., 
Aldrieh, Smest R., 


Ballon, Willie W., 
Bolster, CoraM., 
Bumnton, Benjamin, 


U* pir mm % m&i It tht 

Chase, Joanna W~ 
Chase, Jtobinson J. M. 
Chase, Jonathan M«, 
Chase, William £., 
Chase, Mabel J., 
Chase, Joseph R., 
Chase, George J., 
Chase, BUen J., 
Chase, Ida L., 
Chlpman, Bajcene A., 
Chlmnan, Phohe M., 
Colbura, Fannie F., 
Colbnrn, BUa J., 
Colbnrn, Sarah L», 
Colbarn, Leri J., 



Rath B., 
Susan A., 
Caroli ne J., 
Lindley M., 
Anue B., 
George H., 
Levine D., 
CaroUne M., 
Cliarles B., 








Hall, Andrew P., 
Hall, Sarah Btte, 



HodgM, Charloi H., 
Hodjp*, Omki W., 
Hodge*, Prank, 
Hodgee, Amay A.. 
Halgoe, Jennlo It., 


400 Seben, Rletanid It., 
40S Sftben, Welt a A., 
Utt Soben, Surah A.. 


ia^ai Altai W:, 
Inmea.-Cnertte U., 
lnnum, Ffed M-, 
Inmw, Cerollne W. 
luuua, Bntk X., 

Beben, Sidney, 
Seben, Alraii, 
Sehen, r,evt, 
- 'on, Mary, 

«i, Blehenl M., 

SeUn, Gibeon P., 

" -*■««, iMMl M., 

en, Jennie II., 

en, Alfred L.. 

Sawyer, Philene 9., 

Peine. Heine S., 

Paine, Henry, 
Peine, Ivetin L., 

Peine, L 
Peine, H 
Peine, SI 


r UTItEH N*SCE» THA3C THAT 09 JtfflTTIir. 

(Tho flaunt dauoee i ha pajo.] 

Ballon. Alice, 
Ballon, Harbart. 
Ballon, Peter, 
Ballon, Wnluome. 
Ballon, Willnrd J., 
HartloU, Jcmmlali, 
Bartlatt, Joanna, 
Boktter, Gaorm V 
Bontar, WmUuri 



Arnold, Amay, 
Arnold, Anna* 

Arnold, Taraal, 
Arnold, Jirael, 
Arnold, John. 
Arnold, Joha, 

Aimw, 1*1107, 
Anwld, Martha, 
Arnold, Mary, 
Arnold, Mary, 
Arnold, Maroy, 
Arnold, Moray, 
AruokJ, Nancy, 

Arnold, TnoouM, 
Arnold, Wlllhuu, 
Arnold, William, 
Arnold. William, 

, Both A., 

Bradford, Wlllard, 
Braytow, Hnnaali. 
Brayton, P rarer v*I, 
Brown, Plilllla, 
Bnllluton, Staiium, 
Ball, (MM, 
Ball, Mary, 

Chaea, Anthony, 

Chaos, Juiiatlmn, 
Cliaoo, Ullvur, 

Cluwa, WlUlwn. 
Chaaa, Ciumwol), 
Chaaa, Jolt, 
Chaaa, Sybil, 
CUipaan, William TT., 
Clark, XlbtaboUi, 
CoHmrn, John W., 
~ KiokW, 

Faruawotth, Slarj A., 
Fanner, Mary, 
PWt, Suaauna, 
•- -■-■-■,, Caii«aM., 

Gaakffl t A« B ., 
Geakltl. Elizabeth, 
Gaakjll, Etekiel, 
Gaakill, Joeapli, 
Gift, Nannia B-. 
Gnllay, Wwbo, 


Pitta, Seth 8., 
Poiter, Elizabeth, 
Pot tor, John, 
Potter, Lola, 

Kent, Ellen It., 
Kant, WUltaui R., 
Knowtea, HuutuUi F., 
Knowlaa, Uanha M., 

Llnd, Marj E., 
Lowl, Betaoy H„ 
Load, Geona K., 
Lmul, Joliti A. K., 
Loud, WaUlur, 

Malarery, John, 
Mm, Patience, 

Mone, Mar] 

Packard, Hannah, 
Paine, Ban juuiln, 
Paint, Itnnu, 
Paine, I'muali, 

Baid, Andrew, 
Raid. Eapliemla, 
EamlDinon, Jefferson, 
Bobb, Cbriatopher C, 
Boekvood, Sarah C„ 

severe, matt, 
Bteero, Rachel, 
Steero, Thooua, 

Tail, Aaron, 
Talt, Lucy M„ 
Tuft, Poter, 
Talt, Tl.ompeon, 
Talbot, MaryE., 
Taylor, Sarah F. 
Tbayar, Alonao, 

Phillip*, Anno, 
Phillip*. Richard, 
Phillip*. Iticluird. 
Pitta, Almor, 
Pitta, Kaak, 
Pitta, Polly, 


Tliompaon, Ljdio, 
„ Talmaa, ElUi» II., 
aat ' Toliuan, UaryA., 

03 , 
m ! 


HO > Webb, Euuna, 
SOU : Weeks, Nailla M„ 
11X1 ' Waatooti, Denmrta, 
200 Wheaton, AJmlra, 



Whirton, Bomb—, 


Wh— to, Jnnofhin, 


WftUHft MJ&Wlf 


Sw5j!E* jfyr* . 


WMMtff POfOgnnO, 


Whoato, Both* 


Whippy Alto, 


Whlppte, Anne, 


WhippU, Dowm, 


Whipple Job, 
WhiS, David P., 



White, Slam, 


Whit*, Aaron B., 


White, Arnold, 


Wtlbonr, Daniel, 


Wflbonr, Bath, 


WUbonr, Tabstha, 


Wild*. Frankto 8., 


Wilkinson, Anna, 


Wilkinson, John, 


WilkiMon, Stephen, 


Wing, Deborah, 


1 Wing, Jabet , 




Wing, Mary, 
Winter, Naomi, 


Woods, Sarah, 




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